United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
Fonds des Nations Unies pour l'enfance
Fondo de las Naciones Unidas para la Infancia
11 Dec 1946, as United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) -- Fonds international des Nations Unies pour le secours à l'enfance (FISE), by resolution 57 (I) of the UN General Assembly, to provide relief for children in Europe and China in the aftermath of World War II. By resolution 417 (V) of 1 Dec 1950, the UN General Assembly extended the life of the Fund, expanded its scope to give greater emphasis to developing countries and decided to consider its future again at the end of 3 years, with the object of continuing it on a permanent basis. By resolution 802 (VIII) of 6 Oct 1953, the General Assembly voted unanimously to continue the Fund for an indefinite period and shortened its name to United Nations Children's Fund, although the well-known acronym was retained. Within F-XF1000 - United Nations System, it is an integral part of the A-XA3375 - United Nations (UN) reporting to the General Assembly through E-XE3377 - ECOSOC.
Guided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and other human rights instruments, focus on equity for universal realization of children's rights. In particular: work for the well-being of children and women and advocate the protection of their rights worldwide; establish children's rights as enduring ethical principles and international standards of behaviour towards children. Ensure that: children get the best possible start in life in their early years; all boys and girls, no matter how disadvantaged, complete a quality basic education; adolescents have every opportunity to develop their capabilities and participate meaningfully in society.
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Executive Board (meeting in 1 annual and 2 regular sessions a year), consists of representatives of 36 governments: 8 seats for Africa; 7 for Asia; 4 for Eastern Europe; 5 for Latin America and the Caribbean; and 12 for Western Europe and other states. These are elected by ECOSOC for a 3-year term, with about one-third of the seats expiring annually, and are presided over by a President and 4 Vice-Presidents. Secretariat, with headquarters in New York NY (USA), headed by Executive Director appointed by UN Secretary-General in consultation with the Board. Offices in Geneva (Switzerland), Brussels (Belgium) and Tokyo (Japan); Supply Division in Copenhagen (Denmark); Office of Research in Florence (Italy); Regional Offices (8) - in Geneva (2, for Europe and for Central and Eastern Europe, CIS and Baltic States), Dakar (Senegal), Amman (Jordan), Bangkok (Thailand), Kathmandu (Nepal), Nairobi (Kenya) and Panama (Panama). Country and Zone Offices (125) each headed by a country or area representative. National Committees for UNICEF (37) - private organizations working with UNICEF in advocacy and fund-rising activities. Affiliate organization: Office of Research, previously referred to as UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.
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UN Sustainable Development Goals **
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** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.
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