Southern African Development Community (SADC)

Communauté de développement de l'Afrique australe (CDAA)
Comunidade de Desenvolvimento da Africa Austral

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17 Aug 1992, Windhoek (Namibia), on signature of Declaration and Treaty by Heads of State of member nations, to replace Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC), created 1 Apr 1980, Lusaka (Zambia), a meeting of Council of Ministers of SADCC, Jan 1992, Maputo (Mozambique), having endorsed a plan to transform the Conference into an economic community with common policies in areas such as trade and exchange rates, and with a majority-ruled South Africa as a full member. Restructured 2001.


Achieve development and economic growth, alleviate poverty, enhance living standards and quality of life of the peoples of Southern Africa and support the socially disadvantaged through regional integration; evolve common political values, systems and institutions; promote and defend peace and security; promote self-sustaining development on the basis of collective self reliance and the interdependence of member states; achieve complementarity between national and regional strategies and programmes; promote and maximize productive employment and utilization of the region's resources; achieve sustainable utilization of natural resources and effective protection of the environment; strengthen and consolidate historical, social and cultural affinities and links among the peoples of the region.

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Research/documentation; politics/policy/regulatory. Manages and sets up SADC Protocols (currently 26):

 • Against Corruption (2001);

 • Combating Illicit Drugs Trafficking (1996);

 • Control of Firearms Ammunition and other Related Materials (2001);

 • Culture, Information and Sport (2001);

 • Education and Training (1997);

 • Energy (1996);

 • Extradition (2002);

 • Facilitation and Movement of Persons (2005);

 • Finance and Investment (2006);

 • Fisheries (2001);

 • Forestry (2002);

 • Gender and Development (2008);

 • Health (1999);

 • Treaty Establishing SADC on Immunities and Privileges (1992);

 • Legal Affairs (2002);

 • Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters (2002);

 • Mining (1997);

 • Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation (2001);

 • Science, Technology and Innovation (2008);

 • Shared Watercourses (2000);

 • Development of Tourism (1998);

 • Trade (1996);

 • Trade in Services (2012);

 • Transport, Communications and Meteorology (1996);

 • Tribunal and Rules Thereof (2000);

 • Wildlife Conservation and Law Enforcement (1999);

 • Shared Watercourses - revised (2000).

Other SADC legal instruments currently operational: Charter of Regional Tourism Organisation of Southern Africa (RETOSA). Memoranda of Understanding on: 'Macroeconomic Convergence', 'Cooperation in Taxation and Related Matters' and Standardization, Quality Assurance, Accreditation and Meteorology (SQUAM). Summit has also signed: 'Declaration on Gender and Development'; 'Declaration on Productivity'; 'Declaration on Information and Communications Technology'; 'HIV and AIDS Declaration'; Charter on Fundamental Social Rights; Mutual Defence Pact.

Committee of SADC Stock Exchanges (CoSSE) and Committee of Central Bank Governors in SADC (CCBG) coordinate regional developments in the financial markets. Other SADC organizations include:

 • Southern African Development Community Accreditation Service (SADCAS);

 • Association of SADC Chambers of Commerce and Industry (ASCCI);

 • Committee of Central Bank Governors in the Southern African Development Community;

 • Development Training International (DTI);

 • SADC Cooperation in Measurement Traceability (SADCMET);

 • SADC Cooperation in Accreditation (SADCA);

 • SADC Cooperation on Standardization (SADCSTAN);

 • SADC Cooperation in Legal Metrology (SADCMEL);

 • SADC Council of NGOs (CNGO);

 • SADC Electoral Commissions Forum (SADC-ECF);

 • SADC Plant Genetic Resources Centre (SPGRC);

 • SADC Regional and National Early Warning System, which monitors crop and food situation in the subregion and alerts on impending food crises;

 • Southern African Development Community Logistical Advisory Centre;

 • Southern African Development Research Association (SADRA);

 • Southern African Transport and Communications Commission (SATCC);

 • USAID/SADC/IITA/CIP Southern Africa Root Crops Research Network (SARRNET);

 • Southern African Regional Police Chiefs Cooperation Organization (SARPCCO), set up on signature of Southern African regional police chiefs cooperation organization agreement (SARPCCO agreement).

From 1996, 'Employment and Labour Sector (ELS)', comprising 3 social partners - government, employers and workers - replaced Southern Africa Labour Commission (SALC), which existed as an independent commission from Jan 1980. Instrumental in setting up: SADC Centre for Specialization in Public Administration and Management (CESPAM). Established through a Memorandum of Understanding: Southern African Power Pool (SAPP). Together with East African Community (EAC) and Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), announced setting up of African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), Oct 2008.


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English, French, Portuguese.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 84 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 58 non-governmental organizations.
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Information Services

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Members in 33 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Society
    • Communities
  • Social Activity
    • Employment
  • Government
    • Intergovernmental Communities
  • Economics
    • Economic
  • Development
    • Development

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthGOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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