United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement (PNUD)
Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD)
Entwicklungsprogramm der Vereinten Nationen

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History

Nov 1965, pursuant to resolution 1020 (XXXVII) of United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), approved by the General Assembly in resolution 2029 (XX). Set up by merger of United Nations Expanded Programme of Technical Assistance (EPTA) -- Programme élargi d'assistance technique des Nations Unies -- Programa Ampliado de Asistencia Técnica de las Naciones Unidas and of United Nations Special Fund - note that this is not the same as the later United Nations Special Fund, 1974 (UNSF). The Governing Council, originally consisting of 37 members, was increased to 48 members by General Assembly resolution 2813 (XXVI) of 14 Dec 1971 and replaced by a 36-member Executive Board in 1994. UNDP is an organ of United Nations (UN) within the framework of United Nations System, linked to the General Assembly and to ECOSOC.

Aims

Work to eradicate poverty while protecting the planet; help countries develop strong policies, skills, partnerships and institutions so they can sustain their progress.

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Activities

On the ground in about 170 countries and territories to help them find their own solutions to global and national development challenges. As they develop local capacity, they draw on the people of UNDP and UNDP's partners. Focuses on helping countries build and share solutions to the challenges of: Democratic Governance; Poverty Reduction; Crisis Prevention and Recovery; Energy and Environment; Information and Communications Technology; HIV/AIDS. In these 6 practices, UNDP seeks out and shares ways to promote: gender equality as an essential dimension of ensuring political participation and accountability; economic empowerment and effective development planning; crisis prevention and conflict resolution; access to clean water, sanitation and energy services; the best use of technologies for development purposes; society-wide mobilization against HIV/AIDS. Helps developing countries attract and use aid effectively; engages in extensive advocacy work; sponsors workshops.

'Human Development Report' contains substantive data on most development indicators, ranking every country each year in such areas as per capita income, literacy, life expectancy and respect for women's rights. The goal of the report is to put people back at the centre of the development process. An independent team of experts, drawn from a worldwide network of leaders from academia, government and civil society, write the report. Developing countries and their international partners use the report to gauge results and shape new policies. UNDP has also helped more than 120 developing countries produce their own national human development reports which provide a basis for informed local debate about priorities and policies and help donor governments measure the impact of their aid dollars and to communicate the way in which aid is making a positive difference both to direct beneficiaries and to electorates at home.

'Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)' adopted at United Nations Millennium Summit, Sep 2000, set clear targets for reducing poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, environmental degradation and discrimination against women by 2015. UNDP uses its global network to help the UN system and its partners raise awareness and track progress, while connecting countries to the knowledge and resources needed to achieve these goals. UNDP International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth (IPC-IG) and UNDP Oslo Governance Centre (OGC) were set up to advance UNDP's objective of assisting countries to achieve these goals. The MDGs are:

 • 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger - Target: halve the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day and those who suffer from hunger.

 • 2. Achieve universal primary education - Target: ensure that all boys and girls complete primary school.

 • 3. Promote gender equality and empower women - Target (for 2005 and 2015): eliminate gender disparities in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015.

 • 4. Reduce child mortality - Target: reduce by two-thirds the mortality rate among children under five.

 • 5. Improve maternal health - Target: reduce by three-quarters the ratio of women dying in childbirth.

 • 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other disease - Target: halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS and the incidence of malaria and other major diseases.

 • 7. Ensure environmental sustainability - Targets: integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources; by 2015, reduce by half the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water; by 2020, achieve significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers.

 • 8. Develop a global partnership for development - Targets: develop further an open trading and financial system that includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction, nationally and internationally; address the least developed countries' special needs and the special needs of landlocked and small island developing States; deal comprehensively with developing countries' debt problems; develop decent and productive work for youth; in cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries; in cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications technologies.

/Funds and Funding Projects Associated with UNDP/

- United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF): provides capital grants and concessional loans for poverty-reduction programmes in the least-developed countries; supports government efforts to decentralize administrative control of social services and local government capacity to take on that responsibility; implements local development projects and promotes mechanisms to provide credit to for the poor so as to encourage use of sustainable natural resources.

- World Solidarity Fund: contributes to the eradication of poverty and promotes social and human development in the poorest regions of the world.

- United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM): promotes women's empowerment and gender equality through support for participation of women at all levels of development planning and practice; acts as a catalyst in the UN system linking needs and concerns of women to critical social and economic issues on national, regional and global agendas.

- United Nations Volunteers: provides programme countries with technically qualified volunteer specialists and field workers (currently 3,500 from 140 countries) who work alongside their host country peers in: technical cooperation; community-based initiatives for self-reliance; humanitarian relief and rehabilitation; support for electoral and peace-building processes.

- Special Unit for South-South Cooperation (SU/SSC): promotes South-South cooperation in support of development directives and as a means of helping developing countries to participate more effectively in the global economy.

- Energy and Environment Group, comprising UNDP units executing: Global Environment Facility (GEF); Network for Capacity Building in Integrated Water Resources Management (CAP-Net); activities concerning Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer; Energy Unit; and other core areas. GEF provides grants and concessional funding to help countries translate global concerns into national action to combat ozone depletion, global warming, loss of biodiversity and pollution of international waters. UNDP is an implementing agency, together with the World Bank and UNEP.

- Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) - UNDP is one of 6 UN sponsors of this Programme.

/Other Activities/

- 'CAPACITY 21': helps developing countries implement Global Action Plan for Environment and Development in the 21st Century (Agenda 21) by funding efforts to marshall the necessary skills and financial resources for evolving sustainable development strategies in key environmental areas and establishing policies to protect essential stocks of ecological capital on which future economic development depends.

- Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol: assists developing countries in the planning, preparation and implementation of country programmes, projects and sectoral activities to replace and phase out chlorofluorocarbons, halons and other substances that destroy the earth's protective ozone layer.

- UNDP Energy Account: acts as channel for specific contributions towards energy projects for developing countries using existing trust-fund arrangements.

- Local Initiative Facility for the Environment (LIFE): demonstrates local solutions for urban environmental problems and works at community, country, regional and interregional levels to promote local dialogue and action by NGOs and local authorities to improve living conditions in low-income urban communities.

Structure

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Languages

English, French, Spanish.

Staff

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Financing

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 80 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 6 non-governmental organizations.
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Publications

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Information Services

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Members

Members in 200 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • International Relations
    • United Nations
  • Development
    • Development

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 1: No PovertyGOAL 2: Zero HungerGOAL 3: Good Health and Well-beingGOAL 4: Quality EducationGOAL 5: Gender EqualityGOAL 6: Clean Water and SanitationGOAL 7: Affordable and Clean EnergyGOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthGOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and InfrastructureGOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and CommunitiesGOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and ProductionGOAL 13: Climate ActionGOAL 14: Life Below WaterGOAL 15: Life on LandGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong InstitutionsGOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal

UIA Org ID

E3382

Last News Received

1. Jun 2018
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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