International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Agence internationale de l'énergie atomique (AIEA)
Organismo Internacional de Energia Atómica (OIEA)
Mezdunarodnoe Agenstvo po Atomnoj Energii
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29 July 1957, based on a decision of the General Assembly of the United Nations, after 18 states had deposited the necessary instruments of ratification with the United States Government. Preparatory Commission, set up by Statute Conference, met in 1956 and 1957 in New York NY (USA) and Vienna (Austria) to prepare the initial programme and make arrangements to bring it into operation. Statute amended: 31 Jan 1963; 1 June 1973; 28 Dec 1989. An autonomous organ linked to the General Assembly of United Nations (UN) within United Nations System. Received the Nobel Peace Prize, 2005.
Foster, encourage and advise on development of peaceful uses of atomic energy worldwide; accelerate and enlarge the contribution of atomic energy to peace, health and prosperity; as far as possible ensure that assistance provided, requested, supervised or controlled is not used in such a way as to further any military purpose; promote wider use of radioisotopes and radiation sources in research, industry, agriculture, medicine and hydrology.
Under Article III (Functions) of the Statute, as amended 1 June 1973, the Agency is authorized to:
• Encourage and assist research on, and development and practical application of, atomic energy for peaceful uses throughout the world; act as an intermediary for the purposes of securing performance of services or supplying of materials, equipment or facilities by one member of the Agency for another; perform any operation or service useful in research on, or development or practical application of, atomic energy for peaceful purposes;
• Make provision, for materials, services, equipment and facilities to meet the needs of research on, and development and practical application of, atomic energy for peaceful purposes, including production of electric power, with due consideration for the needs of under-developed areas of the world;
• Foster exchange of scientific and technical information on peaceful uses of atomic energy;
• Encourage exchange and training of scientists and experts in the field of peaceful uses of atomic energy;
• Establish and administer safeguards designed to ensure that special fissionable and other materials, services, equipment, facilities and information made available by the Agency or at its request or under its supervision or control are not used in such a way as to further any military purpose; apply safeguards, at the request of the parties, to any bilateral or multilateral arrangement, or at the request of a state, to any of that state's activities in the field of atomic energy;
• Establish or adopt, in consultation and, where appropriate, in collaboration with the competent organs of the United Nations and with the specialized agencies concerned, standards of safety for protection of health and minimization of danger to life and property (including such standards for labour conditions); provide for application of these standards to own operations as well as to operations making use of materials, services, equipment, facilities and information made available by the Agency or at its request or under its control or supervision; provide for application of these standards, at the request of the parties, to operations under any bilateral or multilateral arrangement, or, at the request of a state, to any of that state's activities in the field of atomic energy;
• Acquire or establish any facilities, plant and equipment useful in carrying out authorized functions, whenever the facilities, plant, and equipment otherwise available in the area concerned are inadequate or available only on terms deemed unsatisfactory.
In carrying out these functions, the Agency has to:
• Conduct its activities in accordance with the purposes and principles of the United Nations to promote peace and international cooperation, and in conformity with policies of the United Nations furthering the establishment of safeguarded worldwide disarmament and in conformity with any international agreements entered into pursuant to such policies;
• Establish control over the use of special fissionable materials received by the Agency, in order to ensure that these materials are used only for peaceful purposes;
• Allocate its resources in such a manner as to secure efficient utilization and the greatest possible general benefit in all areas of the world, bearing in mind the special needs of the under-developed areas of the world;
• Submit reports on activities annually to the General Assembly of the United Nations and, when appropriate, to the Security Council: if in connection with the activities of the Agency questions arise that are within the competence of the Security Council the Agency has to notify the Security Council, as the organ bearing the main responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, and may also take the measures open to it under the Statute;
• Submit reports to the Economic and Social Council and other organs of the United Nations on matters with the competence of these organs.Available with paid subscription only.
Establishes safety standards for all types of nuclear activity; prepares feasibility and market studies; operates 2 laboratories; advises governments on atomic energy programmes; awards fellowships for advanced study; arranges the loan of equipment; finances research; acts as an intermediary in arranging the supply of nuclear materials. Work is carried out in close cooperation with many other national and international organizations.
Main pillars (3):
1. 'Promoting Safeguards and Verification', coordinated at Department of Safeguards:
• /Safeguards/ - Inspects nuclear and related facilities under safeguards agreements with member states. Most agreements concluded pursuant to Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), under which states commit themselves internationally not to possess nuclear weapons.
2. 'Promoting Safety and Security', coordinated at Department of Nuclear Safety and Security:
• /Safety/ - Covers nuclear installations, radioactive sources, radioactive materials in transport and radioactive waste. Aims to set up and promote application of international safety standards for management and regulation of activities involving nuclear and radioactive materials.
• /Security/ - Covers nuclear installations and nuclear and radioactive materials. Focus is on helping states prevent, detect and respond to terrorist or other malicious acts and protect nuclear installations and transport against sabotage.
3. 'Promoting Science and Technology', programmes led by Departments of Technical Cooperation, Nuclear Sciences and Applications, and Nuclear Energy:
• /Energy and Electricity/ - Helps countries assess and plan their energy needs, including nuclear generation of electricity.
• /Research and Development/ - Supports research and development on critical problems facing developing countries.
• /Technical Cooperation/ - Supports cooperative projects achieving tangible social and economic benefits for people in developing countries.
Conventions negotiated and adopted under the auspices of the Agency and for which the Director General is the depositary, in the field of:
'Safety and Security':
• Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident, in force since 27 Oct 1986;
• Convention on Assistance in the Case of Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency, in force since 26 Feb 1987;
• Convention on Nuclear Safety, opened for signature at the IAEA on 20 Sep 1994, in force 24 Oct 1996;
• Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management, adopted 5 Sep 1997 and opened for signature on 29 Sep 1997;
• Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material, in force since 8 Feb 1987;
• Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage, adopted May 1963, in force since 12 Nov 1977, and Optional Protocol Concerning the Compulsory Settlement of Disputes, in force since 13 May 1999, updated by Protocol to Amend the Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage and Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage, both adopted 12 Sep 1997 and opened for signature on 28 Sep 1997;
• Joint Protocol Relating to the Application of the Vienna Convention and the Paris Convention, in force since 27 Apr 1992;
'Science and Technology':
• African Regional Cooperative Agreement for Research, Development and Training Related to Nuclear Science and Technology (AFRA) - second extension entered into force of 4 Apr 2000;
• Regional Cooperation Agreement for the Promotion of Nuclear Science and Technology in Latin America and the Caribbean (ARCAL Agreement), opened for signature 25 Sep 1998;
• Second agreement to extend Regional Cooperative Agreement for Research, Development and Training Related to Nuclear Science and Technology in Asia (RCA), entered into force 12 June 1997;
• revised guiding principles and general operating rules to govern the provision of technical assistance by the Agency;
• Revised supplementary agreement concerning provision of technical assistance by the IAEA (RSA);
• Agreement on the Establishment of ITER International Fusion Energy Organization (ITER Organization) for the Joint Implementation of the ITER Project;
• Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the ITER International Fusion Energy Organization for the Joint Implementation of the ITER.
'Safeguards and Verification':
• Structure and Content of Agreements between the Agency and States Required in Connection with the Treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. Application of Safeguards on Implementation of Article III 1 and 4 of the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons;
• Model Protocol Additional to the Agreement(s) between State(s) and the Agency for the Application of Safeguards, Sep 1997;
• Agency's Safeguards System, 1965, Provisionally Extended, 1966 and 1968.
'Organization and Cooperative Agreements':
• IAEA Agreements with the United Nations, 30 Oct 1959;
• IAEA Headquarters Agreement with Austria and Related Agreements;
• IAEA Relationship Agreements with Specialized Agencies;
• Cooperation Agreements with Intergovernmental Organizations.
'Other Agreements' related to IAEA:
• African Nuclear-weapon-free-zone Treaty (Pelindaba Treaty), including Annexes and Protocols and Cairo Declaration;
• South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty (Treaty of Rarotonga) and Protocols;
• Agreement between the Republic of Argentina, Federative Republic of Brazil, Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC) and IAEA for the Application of Safeguards;
• Verification Agreement between IAEA and European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom);
• Guidelines for Nuclear Transfers, 1993 Revision of NSG London Guidelines;
• Code of Practice on the International Transboundary Movement of Radioactive Waste: the IAEA Code of Practice;
• Code of Conduct on the Safety of Research Reactors;
'Events' Annual General Conference Session in Vienna (Austria). Board of Governors meets in quarterly sessions in Vienna. About 12 scientific conferences, symposia or seminars annually.
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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations
Relations with 36 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations
Relations with 37 non-governmental organizations.
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PublicationsAvailable with paid subscription only.
Information ServicesAvailable with paid subscription only.
Members in 155 countries
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Type I ClassificationAvailable with paid subscription only.
Type II ClassificationAvailable with paid subscription only.
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