African Union (AU)

Union africaine (UA)

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2001-07-08 Lusaka Zambia


Established on signature by African Heads of State of a treaty dissolving H-XD3027 - Organization of African Unity (OAU) and setting up the new organization over a one-year transition period. Constitutive Act signed 11 Jul 2001, Lusaka, came into force 28 Jun 2002. Heads of State and Government meeting/inaugural session of the Assembly, 10 Jul 2002, Durban (South Africa), adopted African Union Durban Declaration. Establishment is based on a suggestion in 1999, Sirte (Libyan AJ), by General Moammar Gaddafi, head of Libyan AJ.


Achieve greater unity and solidarity among African countries and the peoples of Africa; defend the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of member states; accelerate political and socio-economic integration of the continent; promote and defend African common positions on issues of interest to the continent and its peoples; encourage international cooperation, taking account of the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; promote peace, security and stability on the continent; promote democratic principles and institutions, popular participation, the rule of law and and good governance; promote and protect human and peoples' rights in accordance with the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights and other relevant instruments; establish the conditions necessary for the continent to play its rightful role in the global economy and in international negotiations; promote sustainable development on economic, social and cultural levels and the integration of African economies; promote cooperation in all fields of human activity so as to raise living standards of African peoples; coordinate and harmonize policies among existing and future regional economic communities leading to gradual attainment of the Union's objectives; advance the development of the continent by promoting research in all fields, in particular in science and technology; work with relevant international partners in the eradication of preventable diseases and the promotion of good health on the continent.


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Assembly of Heads of State and Government; Executive Council; Permanent Representatives Committee (PRC); Peace and Security Council (PSC); Specialised Technical Committees; AU Commission; E-XK2193 - New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) / AU Development Agency; E-XJ1515 - African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) Secretariat; AU Foundation; Financial Institutions; Judicial, Human Rights and Legal Organs; F-XF6545 - Pan-African Parliament (PAP); Economic, Social and Cultural Council (ECOSOCC); African Peer Review Mechanism; Regional Economic Communities (RECs); Specialised Agencies and Institutions.

Specialised Technical Committees (13):

Finance, Monetary Affairs, Economic Planning and Integration; Social Development, Labour and Employment; Health, Population and Drug Control; Justice and Legal Affairs; Youth, Culture and Sports; Public Service, Local Government, Urban Development and Decentralisation; Communication and Information Communications Technology; Defence, Safety and Security; Agriculture, Rural Development, Water and Environment; Education, Science and Technology; Gender and Women's Empowerment; Migration, Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs); Transport, Infrastructure, Intercontinental and Interregional Infrastructure, Energy and Tourism.

Financial Institutions (3): J-XK2342 - African Monetary Fund (AMF); J-XK2251 - African Investment Bank (AIB); J-XK2250 - African Central Bank (ACB).

Judicial, Human Rights and Legal Organs (6): E-XE0982 - African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (ACHPR); F-XF6450 - African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights (AfCHPR); Extraordinary African Chambers (EAC); E-AA4076 - African Union Commission on International Law (AUCIL); AU Advisory Board on Corruption (AUABC); E-XJ5076 - African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACERWC).

Regional Economic Communities (8) aim to faciliate regional economic integration, through F-XF2245 - African Economic Community (AEC): F-XF1048 - Arab Maghreb Union (AMU); F-XF3162 - Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA); D-XD7706 - Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD); F-XD6196 - East African Community (EAC); D-XD4308 - Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS); F-XD3462 - Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS); F-XF4199 - Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD); F-XF2522 - Southern African Development Community (SADC).

Specialised Agencies and Institutions:

Also includes: E-XM8548 - African Medicines Agency; E-XM8546 - African Space Agency (AfSA). AfCHPR and H-XJ0151 - Court of Justice of the African Union will be merged to become J-XM8539 - African Court of Justice and Human Rights.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

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UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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