European Economic and Social Committee (EESC)

Comité économique et social européen
Comité Económico y Social Europeo
Europäischer Wirtschafts- und Sozialausschuss
Comité Económico e Social Europeu
Comitato Economico e Sociale Europeo
Europees Economisch en Sociaal Comité
Europeiska Ekonomiska och Sociala Kommittén
Det Europaeiske Økonomiske og Sociale Udvalg
Euroopan Talous-ja Sosiaalikomitea
Coiste Eacnamaioch agus Sóisialta na hEorpa
Evropsky Hospodarsky a Socialni Vybor
Európsky Hospodarsky a Socialny Vybor
Európai Gazdasagi és Szocialis Bizottsag
Europejski Komitet Ekonomiczno-Spoleczny
Evropski Ekonomsko-Socialni Odbor
Euroopa Majandus- ja Sotsiaalkomitee
Eiropas Ekonomikas un Socialo Lietu Komiteja
Europos Ekonomikos ir Socialiniu Reikalu Komitetas
Kumitat Ekonomiku u Soċjali Ewropew
Europski Gospodarski i Socijalni Odbor
Comitetul Economic si Social Europea

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1958-01 Brussels Belgium


Established by Article 193 of T-XT5765 - Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) and T-XT5766 - Treaty Establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (Treaty of Rome), both signed 25 Mar 1957, Rome (Italy), to involve economic and social interest groups in the establishment of the common market, to provide institutional machinery for briefing the E-XE2442 - European Commission (EC) and the Council of Ministers on European Union issues, and to assist in decision-making of the Commissions set up for European Economic Community (EEC) and H-XD0666 - European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom).

Since Jul 1967, on coming into force of the Treaty merging the executive of H-XD0663 - European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) with those of the European Economic Community and Euratom, has maintained a similar role with respect to the European Commission. EESC's role has been reinforced by T-XT8633 - Single European Act (SEA) (1986), T-XT9113 - Treaty on European Union (Maastricht Treaty) (1992), T-XT9706 - Treaty of Amsterdam (1997) and T-XT0128 - Nice Treaty (2000).

Since T-XT2073 - Treaty of Lisbon came into force, 2009, functions as an advisory body of the F-XF2147 - European Union (EU), for F-XF0667 - European Parliament (EP), E-XE3068 - Council of the European Union and the European Commission.

Name change followed the coming into effect of the Maastricht Treaty, when it became the Economic and Social Committee of the Union.


Contribute to strengthening the democratic legitimacy and effectiveness of the European Union by enabling civil society organizations from Member States to express their views at European level; help ensure that European policies and legislation tie in better with economic, social and civic circumstances on the ground, by assisting the European Parliament, Council and European Commission, making use of EESC members' experience and representativeness, dialogue and efforts to secure consensus serving the general interest; promote development of a more participatory European Union which is more in touch with popular opinion, by acting as an institutional forum representing, informing, expressing the views of and securing dialogue with organized civil society; promote the values on which European integration is founded and advance, in Europe and across the world, the cause of democracy and participatory democracy, as well as the role of civil society organizations.


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Plenary of 350 members, subdivided into 6 Sections: Economic and Monetary Union and Economic and Social Cohesion (ECO); Single Market, Production and Consumption (INT); External Relations (REX); Agriculture, Rural Development and the Environment (NAT); Employment, Social Affairs and Citizenship; and the Consultative Commission on Industrial Change. Bureau Groups (3): Employers'; Workers'; Various Interests. Study Groups; Sub-committees. Secretariat.


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Annual Budget

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

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UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 3: Good Health and Well-beingGOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthGOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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