United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)

Conseil économique et social des Nations Unies
Consejo Económico y Social de las Naciones Unidas

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Contact Details

URL: http://www.un.org/ecosoc/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/UNECOSOC
Twitter: https://twitter.com/UNECOSOC

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1945-10-24 New York NY USA


Established by the Charter of the United Nations -- Charte des Nations Unies, as the principal organ of A-XA3375 - United Nations (UN) within F-XF1000 - United Nations System, to coordinate the economic and social work of the United Nations and the specialized agencies and institutions, known as 'United Nations family' of organizations. Officially constituted, 13 Jan 1946. Originally consisting of 18 members; enlarged to 27 members as of Jan 1966, in accordance with an amendment to the Charter which came into force on 31 Aug 1965. By resolution 2847 (XXVI) of 20 Dec 1971, UN General Assembly decided to adopt an amendment to Article 61 of the Charter providing for the increase of the membership to 54 members. Pending ratification of the amendment, ECOSOC, by resolution 1621 (LI) decided to enlarge its sessional committees from 27 to 54 members, the additional members to be elected annually by the Council. The amendment to Article 61 came into force on 24 Sep 1973.


Serve as a principal body for coordination, policy review, policy dialogue and recommendations on issues of economic and social development, as well as for implementation of the international development goals agreed at the major United Nations summits and conferences, including the Millennium Development Goals.


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Council comprises 54 member states, elected by UN General Assembly for 3-year terms, 18 at each year end, seats being allotted by geographical region: African states - 14; Asian states - 11; Eastern European states - 6; Latin American and Caribbean states - 10; 13 to Western European and other states - 13. Council usually meets for one regular Substantive Session a year, alternately in Geneva (Switzerland) and New York NY (USA). Decisions are usually arrived at by consensus, otherwise by a majority of members present and voting. Representatives of UN specialized agencies participate in ECOSOC proceedings without the right to vote. President; Bureau. Annual High-Level Segment includes: High-Level Political Forum; Development Cooperation Forum. Other sessions encompass: Integration Segment; Humanitarian Affairs Segment; Operational Activities for Development Segment; Management Segment; Youth Forum; Partnership Forum; Special meetings.

Subsidiary Bodies of ECOSOC:

'Functional Commissions' (8):

'Regional commissions' (5):

'Standing committees' (3):

'Expert bodies' (4) comprising governmental experts:

'Expert bodies' (5) comprising members serving in their personal capacity:

'Related bodies' (4):

Office of Intergovernmental Support and Coordination for Sustainable Development in the Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) provides support to the work of the UN General Assembly, ECOSOC and HLPF).

Other UN bodies within the ECOSOC system:

Programmes and Funds (6):

Research and Training (5):

Other Entities (9):

Specialized Agencies (14):

World Bank Group (5):


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Consultative Status

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

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UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 1: No PovertyGOAL 2: Zero HungerGOAL 3: Good Health and Well-beingGOAL 4: Quality EducationGOAL 5: Gender EqualityGOAL 6: Clean Water and SanitationGOAL 7: Affordable and Clean EnergyGOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthGOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and InfrastructureGOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and CommunitiesGOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and ProductionGOAL 13: Climate ActionGOAL 14: Life Below WaterGOAL 15: Life on LandGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong InstitutionsGOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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