Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)

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27-29 Jan 1985, Teheran (Iran Islamic Rep), by Iran, Pakistan and Turkey, as successor organization to Regional Cooperation for Development (RCD), which had been set up 21 July 1964, Ankara (Turkey), and existed until 1979. The Organization was subsequently restructured and reviewed under its present name. The basic Charter of the Organization, Treaty of Izmir, originally signed 12 Mar 1977 at Izmir (Turkey), was amended accordingly following Ministerial Conference, June 1990, Islamabad (Pakistan), becoming operational on 11 Jan 1991 and providing a legal basis to the new Organization. Expanded, Nov 1992, to include 7 new members: Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The 6th Meeting of ECO Council of Ministers, May 1996, Ashgabat (Turkmenistan), approved the new organizational set-up and functional methodology; and the Foreign Ministers of member countries signed the revised Treaty of Izmir on 14 Sep 1996, Izmir (Turkey), at an Extraordinary Meeting of ECO Council of Ministers. The Council of Ministers also approved an Implementation Plan on Reorganization and Restructuring for the Secretariat of ECO.


Stimulate: sustainable economic development of Member States; progressive removal of trade barriers and promotion of intra-regional trade; greater role of ECO region in the growth of world trade; gradual integration of Member States' economies in world economy; development of transport and communications infrastructure linking Member States with each other and with the outside world; economic liberalization and privatization; mobilization and utilization of ECO region's material resources; effective utilization of agricultural and industrial potentials of ECO region; regional cooperation for drug abuse control, ecological and environmental protection and strengthening of historical and cultural ties among the peoples of the ECO region; mutually beneficial cooperation with regional and international organizations.

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are conducted through Directorates in the field of: Trade and Investment; Transport and Telecommunications; Energy, Minerals and Environment; Agriculture, Industry and Tourism; Human Resources and Sustainable Development; Project and Economic Research and Statistics; International Relations. Agreements involved: ECO Transit Trade Agreement; Agreement on Simplification of Visa Procedures for the Businessmen of ECO Countries.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 33 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 3 non-governmental organizations.
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Members in 10 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Government
    • Intergovernmental Communities
  • Economics
    • Economic
  • Solidarity
    • Cooperation

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthGOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal



Last News Received

* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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