Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)

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1985-01-27 Teheran Iran Islamic Rep


Established by Iran, Pakistan and Turkey, as successor organization to H-XH0290 - Regional Cooperation for Development (RCD), which had been set up 21 Jul 1964, Ankara (Turkey), and existed until 1979. The Organization was subsequently restructured and reviewed under its present name. The basic Charter of the Organization, Treaty of Izmir, originally signed 12 Mar 1977 at Izmir (Turkey), was amended accordingly following Ministerial Conference, Jun 1990, Islamabad (Pakistan), becoming operational on 11 Jan 1991 and providing a legal basis to the new Organization. Expanded, Nov 1992, to include 7 new members: Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The 6th Meeting of ECO Council of Ministers, May 1996, Ashgabat (Turkmenistan), approved the new organizational set-up and functional methodology; and the Foreign Ministers of member countries signed the revised Treaty of Izmir on 14 Sep 1996, Izmir (Turkey), at an Extraordinary Meeting of ECO Council of Ministers. The Council of Ministers also approved an Implementation Plan on Reorganization and Restructuring for the Secretariat of ECO.


Stimulate: sustainable economic development of Member States; progressive removal of trade barriers and promotion of intra-regional trade; greater role of ECO region in the growth of world trade; gradual integration of Member States' economies in world economy; development of transport and communications infrastructure linking Member States with each other and with the outside world; economic liberalization and privatization; mobilization and utilization of ECO region's material resources; effective utilization of agricultural and industrial potentials of ECO region; regional cooperation for drug abuse control, ecological and environmental protection and strengthening of historical and cultural ties among the peoples of the ECO region; mutually beneficial cooperation with regional and international organizations.


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Summit; Council of Ministers; Council of Permanent Representatives; Regional Planning Council; Sectoral ministerial meetings and other meetings; Secretariat. Specialized agencies and regional instititions (13): F-XF4135 - Economic Cooperation Organization Trade and Development Bank (ETDB); E-XE2846 - ECO Cultural Institute (ECI); F-XE2847 - ECO Science Foundation (ECOSF); E-XJ6732 - ECO Educational Institute (ECOEI); E-XE2094 - ECO Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ECO-CCI); ECO College of Insurance; ECO Regional Coordination Centre for Food Security; ECO Institute of Environmental Science and Technology; ECO Consultancy and Engineering Company (ECO-CEC); ECO Regional Center for Risk Management of Natural Disasters. ECO Postal Staff College; ECO Seed Association (ECOSA); ECO Reinsurance Company.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

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UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthGOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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