United Nations (UN)
Nations Unies (ONU)
Naciones Unidas (ONU)
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1945-06-26 San Francisco CA USA
Established 26 Jun 1945, San Francisco CA (USA), on signature of the Charter of the United Nations -- Charte des Nations Unies. The Charter had been drawn up by representatives of 50 countries, Aug-Oct 1944, Dumbarton Oaks, Washington DC (USA), at the United Nations Conference on International Organization, on the basis of proposals worked out by representatives of China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States. Poland, not represented at the Conference, signed it later and became one of the original 51 member states. The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 Oct 1945, when the Charter had been ratified by China, France, USSR, UK, USA and a majority of the other signatories. United Nations Day is now universally celebrated on 24th October.
The name "United Nations" was devised by US President Franklin D Roosevelt. It was first used in the "Declaration by United Nations" of 1 Jan 1942, when representatives of 26 nations pledged their governments to continue fighting together against the Axis Powers and subscribed themselves to a common programme of purposes and principles embodied in the T-XT4104 - Atlantic Charter. This was followed by the Moscow Declaration, 30 Oct 1943, in which the signatories recognized "the necessity of establishing at the earliest practicable date a general international organization, based on the principle of the sovereign equality of all peace-loving states, and open to membership by all such states ... for the maintenance of international peace and security". The United Nations was sometimes referred to in early official documents as United Nations Organisation (UNO).
The resolution for dissolution of the H-XH2906 - League of Nations, the forerunner of the United Nations, was adopted by the 21st and final session of the Assembly of the League on 18 Apr 1946. The "Common Plan for the Transfer of League of Nations Assets" was drawn up jointly by a United Nations Committee and the Supervisory Commission, acting on behalf of the United Nations and the League of Nations respectively, and was approved by the first General Assembly of the United Nations on 12 Feb 1946, Pursuant to provisions of the Plan, certain material assets of the League were transferred to the United Nations. Since then the Archives of the League of Nations have been maintained at the United Nations Library at Geneva.
The United Nations Charter may be amended by a vote of two thirds of the members of the General Assembly and ratification by two thirds of the members of the United Nations, including the five permanent members of the Security Council. The Charter has been amended five times: in 1965, increasing membership of the Security Council from 11 to 15 (Article 23) and the number of affirmative votes of the Council on procedural matters from seven to nine and on all other matters from seven to nine including the concurring votes of the five permanent members (Article 27); in 1965, increasing membership of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) from 18 to 27 and, in 1973, to 54 (Article 61); in 1968, increasing the number of votes required in the Security Council to convene a General Conference to review the Charter from seven to nine (Article 109).
'Human Rights' On 16 Feb 1946, by resolution 5 (I), ECOSOC established a permanent Commission on Human Rights, consisting of government representatives whose task was to elaborate a Declaration defining the Fundamental Human Rights and Freedoms to which the Charter makes reference seven times. The resultant document, T-XT4399 - Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), was adopted by the General Assembly in Dec 1948 and serves as a statement of principle, morally binding on member states of the United Nations. In Dec 1966, the General Assembly adopted two International Covenants: on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and on Civil and Political Rights, Resolution 2200 (XXI). The Covenants entered into force 3 Jan 1976 and 23 Mar 1976 respectively.
'Legal Status' The United Nations is an organization composed of states which have accepted the obligations contained in the UN Charter. Article 104 of the Charter states that "The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of its members such legal capacity as may be necessary for the exercise of its functions and the fulfillment of its purposes". Article 105 declares that "The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of its members such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the fulfillment of its purposes". It further declares that "Representatives of the members of the United Nations and officials of the Organization shall similarly enjoy such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the independent exercise of their functions in connection with the Organization". In Feb 1946, the General Assembly approved a Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations. The Convention provides, among other things, that UN property and assets shall enjoy immunity from legal process and be free from all direct taxes and customs duties and that UN officials and experts shall enjoy such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the independent exercise of their functions. The UN may also issue to its officials laissez-passer (passports), recognized as valid documents by member states.
In Jun 1947, the United Nations concluded an agreement with United States of America on all matters of privileges and immunities in regard to the UN Headquarters. The agreement entered into force in Nov 1947. Section 8 of Article III of the agreement states, inter alia, that the United Nations "shall have the power to make regulations, operative within the headquarters district, for the purpose of establishing therein conditions in all respects necessary for full execution of its functions. No federal, state or local law or regulation of the United States which is inconsistent with a regulation of the United Nations authorized by this section, shall, to the extent of such inconsistency, be applicable within the headquarters district".
Following the assassination of Count Folke Bernadotte and of others serving the United Nations in Palestine, the General Assembly, in Dec 1948, requested an advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the question of reparation for injury suffered in the service of the UN. The Court, in April 1949, rendered the unanimous opinion that the UN is an international person - though not a state or a "super-state" - and has the capacity to maintain its rights by bringing international claims against member as well as non-member states to obtain reparation for damages caused to itself or to any of its agents. When the UN was bringing such a claim, it could do so only by basing it upon a breach of obligations due to itself. The Court declared that respect for this rule would usually prevent a conflict between the action of the UN and such rights as the agent's national state might possess. It further held that to ensure the efficient and independent performance of its missions and to afford effective support to its agents, the Organization itself must be able to provide them with adequate protection.
The aims are contained in the Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations, which reads as follows:
"We the peoples of the United Nations determined
to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and
to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and
to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and
to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,
and for these ends
to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbours, and
to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security, and
to ensure, by the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest, and
to employ international machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all peoples,
have resolved to combine our efforts to accomplish these aims.
Accordingly, our respective Governments, through representatives assembled in the city of San Francisco, who have exhibited their full powers found to be in good and due form, have agreed to the present Charter of the United Nations and do hereby establish an international organization to be known as the United Nations".
The four principal 'Purposes' of the United Nations are:
To maintain international peace and security;
To develop friendly relations among nations;
To cooperate internationally in solving international economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems and in promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms;
To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in attaining these common ends.
The United Nations acts in accordance with the following 'Principles':
It is based on the sovereign equality of all its members.
All members are to fulfil in good faith their Charter obligations.
They are to settle their international disputes by peaceful means without endangering peace, security and justice.
They are to refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against any other state.
They are to give the United Nations every assistance in any action it takes in accordance with the Charter, and shall not assist states against which the United Nations is taking preventive or enforcement action.
The United Nations shall ensure that states which are not members act in accordance with these principles in so far as it is necessary for the maintenance of international peace and security.
Nothing in the Charter authorizes the United Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state.
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ActivitiesAvailable with paid subscription only.
Main Organs (6):
(1) General Assembly of the United Nations, the main deliberative organ, meets: in Regular Annual Session in New York NY (USA), commencing third Tuesday in September; in special session at the request of the Security Council, of a majority of UN members or of one member if the majority concurs; in emergency special session called within 24 hours of a request by the Security Council on the vote of any 9 Council members or by a majority of United Nations members or by one member if the majority concurs. It comprises delegations of all member states, each with one vote. Delegations consist of up to 5 representatives, 5 alternate representatives and as many advisers and experts as required. Decisions on ordinary matters are reached by a simple majority of those present and voting; on important matters, as defined by Article 18 of the Charter, by a two-thirds majority.
The Assembly may discuss and make recommendations on any matter within the scope of the Charter and may discuss the powers and functions of all other organs. It initiates studies and makes recommendations to member states and to other organs for promoting international cooperation in political, social, economic, cultural, educational and health matters. It may also consider general principles of cooperation for maintaining peace, including those governing disarmament and the regulation of arms. The sole exception arises when the Security Council is dealing with a dispute or situation, when the Assembly may discuss the matter but may not make a recommendation unless requested to do so by the Council. However, should the Council fail to act on an apparent threat to peace, breach of the peace or act of aggression because of a negative vote by one of its 5 permanent members, the Assembly may take up the matter immediately - in emergency special session called at 24 hours notice if necessary - and recommend collective measures, including the use of armed force.
Because the Assembly has powers to discuss the working and functions of the other organs it has a central position in the Organization. It has to consider the annual and special reports submitted to it by all UN organs, including the Security Council. It also elects the 10 non-permanent members of the Security Council, all 54 members of the Economic and Social Council and the elected members of the Trusteeship Council. The General Assembly and the Security Council, voting independently, elect the Judges of the International Court of Justice. On recommendation of the Security Council, the General Assembly admits new members and appoints the Secretary-General. It also considers and approves the United Nations budget and apportions expenses among member states. While the decisions of the Assembly have no binding legal force on governments, they carry the weight of world opinion on major international issues, as well as the moral authority of the world community.
Most of the UN day-to-day work derives from General Assembly decisions - the will of the majority of members as expressed in resolutions adopted by the Assembly. The work is carried out:
- by committees and other bodies established by the Assembly to study and report on specific issues, such as disarmament, outer space, peace-keeping, decolonization, human rights;
- in international conferences called for by the Assembly;
- by the Secretariat of the United Nations - the Secretary-General and his staff of international civil servants.
--'Main and other sessional committees'
The General Assembly may decide to consider items on its agenda itself or it may refer questions to one of 6 Main Committees, on which all members have the right to be represented:
- First Committee - Disarmament and International Security;
- Second Committee - Economic and Financial;
- Third Committee - Social, Humanitarian and Cultural;
- Fourth Committee - Special Political and Decolonization;
- Fifth Committee - Administrative and Budgetary;
- Sixth Committee - Legal.
These committees submit proposals for approval to a plenary meeting of the whole Assembly. Voting in committees and sub-committees is by a simple majority.
'General Committee' meets during each session to make recommendations regarding inclusion of items in the agenda, allocation of items and organization of the Assembly's work. It comprises the President and 21 Vice-Presidents of the Assembly and the Chairmen of the Main Committees.
'Credentials Committee', appointed by the General Assembly on the proposal of the President at each session, verifies the credentials of representatives.
'Subsidiary and Expert Bodies of the General Assembly'
- E-XM1098 - United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC);
- 'Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions' (16 members);
- E-XE0128 - International Civil Service Commission (ICSC);
- Joint Inspection Unit of the United Nations (JIU).
---Also linked to the General Assembly:
- H-XF0029 - United Nations Special Fund, 1974 (UNSF).
- B-XB1383 - International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) - autonomous body, established on 29 July 1957 "under the aegis of the United Nations", reports annually to the General Assembly and, as appropriate, to the Security Council and to ECOSOC.
(2) E-XE3376 - United Nations Security Council (UNSC) - which has established the following:
- E-XM0409 - Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC);
- H-XF2659 - International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY);
- H-XF3645 - International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR);
- K-XK0230 - United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC);
- U-XE4148 - United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC), replacing U-XE3037 - United Nations Special Commission for the Elimination of Iraq's Weapons of Mass Destruction (UNSCOM) (mandate ended June 2007).
Also linked to the Security Council:
(3) E-XE3377 - ECOSOC, to which report:
- Functional Commissions:
- -E-XE1124 - United Nations Statistical Commission;
- -E-XE1125 - United Nations Commission on Population and Development (CPD);
- -E-XE1126 - United Nations Commission for Social Development (CSocD);
- -E-XE1129 - United Nations Commission on the Status of Women (CSW);
- -E-XE5951 - United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND);
- -E-XE3128 - United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ);
- -E-XE3120 - United Nations Commission on Science and Technology for Development (CSTD);
- -F-XF6300 - United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF).
- Regional Commissions:
- -E-XE4174 - United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA);
- -E-XE4176 - United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE);
- -E-XE4175 - United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC);
- -E-XE4177 - United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP);
- -E-XE4178 - United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA).
- Specialized Agencies (report annually to ECOSOC):
- -B-XB2183 - ILO;
- -B-XB0971 - FAO;
- -B-XB3383 - UNESCO;
- -B-XB3548 - WHO;
- -B-XB1791 - International Development Association (IDA);
- -F-XF2057 - International Finance Corporation (IFC) - the 3 latter as their joint organization, F-XF6841 - The World Bank Group and, since 1986, including F-XF1090 - Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA);
- -F-XF1393 - International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD);
- -E-XB1476 - International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID);
- -F-XF2266 - International Monetary Fund (IMF);
- -B-XB1505 - International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO);
- -B-XB1117 - International Maritime Organization (IMO);
- -B-XB2622 - International Telecommunication Union (ITU);
- -B-XB3408 - Universal Postal Union (UPU);
- -B-XB3556 - World Meteorological Organization (WMO);
- -B-XB3635 - World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) (Permanent observer status);
- -F-XF1721 - International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD);
- -B-XE3386 - UNIDO.
Note: B-XB2745 - World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), which has cooperated with the UN since its inception and became a UN related agency in 1977, became a specialized agency in 2003.
Autonomous organizations linked to the General Assembly:
- -B-XF2527 - World Trade Organization (WTO), replacing H-XF0985 - General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Note: although effectively a separate organization, according to the UN Charter the WTO is a UN subsidiary within the UN System whenever the United Nations deems it to be so since, under the Charter, it was the UN which was to decide on the international agencies required to fulfil the Charter's economic and social purposes. It was this power which was invoked to convene the original Havana Conference and which led to the GATT agreement and its protocol of provision application.
- -E-XE3237 - Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO);
- -B-XB0057 - Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW).
- -E-XE4327 - United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII);
- -F-XF6300 - United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF);
- -Sessional and Standing Committees;
- -Expert, ad hoc and related bodies.
(4) E-XE3378 - United Nations Trusteeship Council - operations formally suspended 1 Nov 1994 but continues to exist.
(6) 'Secretariat' performs the administrative functions of the United Nations. It services the other organs and administers the programmes and policies laid down by them. It is headed by the Secretary-General, who is appointed by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council. Article 100 of the Charter states that: "In the performance of their duties the Secretary-General and the staff shall not seek or receive instruction from any government or from any other authority external to the Organization. They shall refrain from any action which might reflect on their position as international officials responsible only to the Organization. Each member of the United Nations undertakes to respect the exclusively international character of the responsibilities of the Secretary-General and the staff and not to seek to influence them in the discharge of their responsibilities".
'Secretary-General' Secretaries-General normally serve for 5 years but may serve further terms. As of 2009, none has served more than 2 terms.
- Trygve Lie (Norway) held office from Feb 1946 to his resignation in Nov 1952;
- Dag Hammarskjöld (Sweden), from Apr 1953 to Sep 1961, when he died in a plane crash;
- U Thant (Burma, now Myanmar), from Nov 1961 (when appointed acting Secretary-General) to Dec 1971, having been formally appointed in Nov 1962;
- Kurt Waldheim (Austria), Jan 1972 to Dec 1981;
- Javier Pérez de Cuéllar (Peru), Jan 1982 to Dec 1991;
- Boutros Boutros-Ghali (Egypt), Jan 1992 to Dec 1996;
- Kofi A Annan (Ghana), Jan 1997 to Dec 2006;
- Ban Ki-moon (Korea Rep), the current Secretary-General.
'Deputy Secretary-General' This post was established on 19 Dec 1997, to help manage Secretariat operations, to raise the United Nations profile and leadership in economic and social spheres and to strengthen it as a leading centre for development policy and assistance.
- Ms Louise Fréchette, the first to hold this post, assumed responsibilities in Feb 1998;
- Mark Malloch Brown took over the post on 1 Apr 2006;
- Dr Asha-Rose Migiro took office on 1 Feb 2007.
'Departments and Offices of the Secretariat' -
- Executive Office of the Secretary-General (EOSG) - including:
- -Protocol and Liaison Services.
- Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS) - including:
- -Internal Audit Division;
- -Monitoring, Evaluation and Consultation Division;
- -Investigations Division.
Office of Legal Affairs (OLA) - including:
- -Office of the Legal Counsel;
- -General Legal Division;
- -Codification Division;
- -Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea;
- -International Trade Law Branch;
- -Treaty Section;
- -Secretariat of the Administrative Tribunal.
Department of Political Affairs (DPA) - including:
- -Security Council Affairs Division;
- -Electoral Assistance Division;
- -Office of the Under-Secretary-General Special Advisor on Cyprus;
- -Office of the Under-Secretary-General Special Advisor on Africa.
Department for Disarmament Affairs (DDA) - including:
- -Weapons of Mass Destruction Branch;
- -Conventional Arms Branch;
- -Monitoring, Database and Information Branch;
- -Regional Activities.
Department of Peace-Keeping Operations (DPKO) - including:
- -Office of the Under-Secretary-General;
- -Peacekeeping Best Practices Unit;
- -Executive Office;
- -Mine Action Service;
- -Military Division;
- -Civilian Police Division;
- -Office of Operations (including Asia and Middle East Division, Africa Division, Europe and Latin America Division, Situation Centre);
- -Office of Mission Support (including Logistics Support Division, Administrative Support Division).
- -Inter-Agency Standing Committee and Executive Committee on Humanitarian Affairs (IASC/ECHA);
- -Emergency Liaison Branch;
- -Policy, Advocacy and Information Division;
- -Geneva Office.
- E-XK2002 - United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR).
Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) - including:
- -Office of the Under-Secretary-General;
- -Development Policy and Planning Office;
- -Financing for Development Office;
- -Office of ECOSOC Support and Coordination;
- -Office of the Special Adviser on Gender Issues and the Advancement of Women;
- -Division for the Advancement of Women;
- -Division for Sustainable Development;
- -Secretariat for the United Nations Forum on Forests;
- -Division for Social Policy and Development;
- -Division for Public Administration and Development Management;
- -Statistics Division;
- -Population Division.
Department for General Assembly and Conference Management - including:
- Central Planning and Coordination Service;
- -General Assembly and ECOSOC Affairs Division;
- -Interpretation, Meetings and Publishing Division;
- -Translation and Editorial Division;
- -German Translation Service.
Department of Public Information (DPI) - including:
- -Information Centres Services;
- -News and Media Division, including News Centre, UN Radio and CyberSchoolBus;
- -Strategic Communications Division, including Palestine and Decolonization Section;
- -Outreach Division, including Dag Hammarskjöld Library (DHL), Cartographic Section, NGO Section, Publications Service and Sales and Marketing Section.
Department of Management - including:
- -Office of Programme Planning, Budget and Accounting, including:
- --Peace-Keeping Financing Division,
- --Programme Planning and Budget Division,
- --Accounts Division,
- --Secretariat of the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions,
- --Secretariat of the United Nations Board of Auditors,
- --Panel of External Auditors of the United Nations, the Specialized Agencies and the IAEA;
- -Office of Human Resources Management, including:
- --Specialist Services Division,
- --Operational Services Division,
- --Medical Services Division;
- -Office of Central Support Services;
- -Integrated Management Information System Project;
- -Security and Safety Service;
- -Travel and Transportation Service;
- -Facilities Management Division;
- -Commercial Activities Service, including:
- --United Nations Postal Administration;
- -Information Technology Services Division;
- -Procurement Division;
- -Archives and Records Management Section.
- E-XM0663 - United Nations Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States (UN-OHRLLS);
- Office of the United Nations Security Coordinator (UNSECOORD);
- E-XE3574 - United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC);
- E-XE3343 - United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG);
- E-XE7552 - United Nations Office at Vienna (UNOV) - combines some administrative and common services previously performed separately by other UN organizations established in Vienna, including those programmes and other bodies concerned with crime prevention, criminal justice, drug control and narcotic drugs;
- E-XE3872 - United Nations Office at Nairobi (UNON) - on a par with UNOG and UNOV, provides services to UNEP and other UN bodies based in Nairobi;
- Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict;
- F-XK1877 - United Nations Fund for International Partnerships (UNFIP), serves as secretariat for F-XM1968 - United Nations Democracy Fund (UNDEF);
- United Office for the Iraq Programme.
'Other United Nations organs linked to the General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council' -
- E-XE4062 - United Nations System Chief Executives Board for Coordination (CEB);
- E-XE6549 - United Nations Disarmament Commission.
'United Nations Programmes and Funds' -
- E-XE3381 - UNCTAD;
- E-XE2639 - International Trade Centre (ITC);
- H-XF5178 - United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP), replacing Division of Narcotic Drugs and integrating E-XE2279 - International Narcotics Control Board (INCB);
- E-XE4161 - UN Environment;
- F-XF3380 - UNICEF;
- E-XE3382 - UNDP, including UNDP Field Offices, U-XF0308 - United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), F-XF4104 - United Nations Volunteers (UNV) and F-XF5161 - United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF);
- F-XF5606 - United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA);
- E-XE3016 - UNHCR;
- F-XE3543 - World Food Programme (WFP);
- E-XE1325 - United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA);
- E-XE6809 - United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat);
- United Nations Conference on Trade and Development;
- H-XF2428 - United Nations Habitat and Human Settlements Foundation (UNHHSF).
'UN Research and Training Institutes' -
- E-XE4069 - United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI);
- E-XE3387 - United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR);
- E-XE3388 - United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD);
- E-XE6904 - United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR);
- U-XE9444 - United Nations International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (UN-INSTRAW).
'Staff Services' -
- F-XF0117 - Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation (DHF) Library;
- F-XF5941 - United Nations Joint Staff Pension Fund (UNJSPF);
- F-XK1600 - United Nations System Staff College (UNSSC);
- Emergency Information for Staff;
- G-XF1646 - United Nations International School (UNIS);
- E-XE4591 - Association of Former International Civil Servants - New York (AFICS New York);
- G-XG6794 - United Nations Women's Guild - New York (UNWG - New York).
'Inter-Agency Programmes' -
- E-XE5305 - International Computing Centre (ICC);
- E-XE2288 - Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).
United Nations System
F-XF1000 - United Nations System is composed of the following bodies, in addition to the various committees and commissions of the General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council mentioned above:
- -E-XJ0989 - African Union/United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) (July 2007 - to present);
- -H-XF6256 - International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) (Dec 2001 - to present);
- -E-XE3802 - UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) (June 1999 - to present);
- -E-XE4634 - United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) (Mar 2002 - to present);
- -F-XE1538 - United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) (June 1974 - to present);
- -H-XJ0988 - United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT) (Aug 2006 - to present);
- -F-XF7577 - United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) (Mar 1978 - to present);
- -F-XE1153 - United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) (Jan 1949 - to present);
- -H-XJ0992 - United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT) (Sep 2007 - to present);
- -U-XF6550 - United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) (June 2000 - July 2008);
- -H-XJ3555 - United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) (Sep 2003 - to present);
- -F-XF2272 - United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (Sep 1991 - to present);
- -U-XF4490 - United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA) (July 1997 - to present);
- -U-XF2594 - United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG) (Aug 1993 - June 2009);
- -U-XJ3557 - United Nations Operation in Burundi (ONUB) (May 2004 - Dec 2006) and replaced by H-XJ1020 - United Nations Integrated Office in Burundi (BINUB);
- -H-XJ3265 - United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire (UNOCI) (Apr 2004 - to present), replacing H-XF7007 - United Nations Mission in Côte d'Ivoire (May 2003 - Apr 2004);
- -F-XF5668 - United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO) (Feb 2000 - to present);
- -F-XE2070 - United Nations Peace-keeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) (Mar 1964 - to present);
- F-XF0692 - United Nations Peace-keeping Operations, grouping the following currently operating bodies: -F-XE1048 - United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) (June 1948 - to present);
- -U-XF5469 - United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) (Feb 1992 - Dec 1995), from 31 Mar 1995 including U-XF3706 - United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation in Croatia (UNCRO) (Mar 1995- Jan 1996) and U-XF3707 - United Nations Preventive Deployment Force for Macedonia (UNPREDEP) (Mar 1995 - to present), subsequently followed up by: --U-XE2096 - United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (UNMIBH) (Dec 1995 - Dec 2002), --U-XF3995 - United Nations Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium (UNTAES) (Jan 1996 - Jan 1998), --U-XF4630 - Croatia - United Nations Civilian Police Support Group (UNPSG) (Jan 1998 - to present), --H-XF3994 - United Nations Mission of Observers in Prevlaka (UNMOP) (Jan 1996 - to present);
- -F-XM2544 - United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) (Apr 2004 - to present).
Civilian component of peace-keeping forces:
Also, previously grouped the following bodies no longer in operation:
- -U-XU1121 - Mission of the Representative of the Secretary-General in the Dominican Republic (DOMREP) (May 1965 - Oct 1966);
- -U-XF0067 - United Nations Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM) (UNAVEM I: Jan 1989 - May 1991, UNAVEM II: May 1991 - Feb 1995,UNAVEM III: Feb 1995 - June 1997);
- -U-XU5366 - United Nations Aouzou Strip Observer Group (UNASOG) (May 1994 - June 1994);
- -U-XF2507 - United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) (Oct 1993 - Mar 1996);
- -H-XF4453 - United Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti (MIPONUH) (28 Nov 1997 - Mar 2000), replacing U-XJ7979 - United Nations Transition Mission in Haiti (UNTMIH) (Aug 1997 - Nov 1997);
- -H-XH5763 - United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) (UNEF I: Nov 1956 - June 1967, UNEF II: Oct 1973 - July 1979);
- -U-XF1241 - United Nations Good Offices Mission in Afghanistan and Pakistan (UNGOMAP) (Apr 1988 - Mar 1990);
- -U-XU0729 - United Nations India-Pakistan Observation Mission (UNIPOM) (Sep 1965 - Mar 1966);
- -U-XF0686 - United Nations Iran-Iraq Military Observer Group (UNIIMOG) (Aug 1988 - Feb 1991);
- -U-XF2271 - United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission (UNIKOM) (Apr 1991 - Mar 2003);
- -U-XF4772 - United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic (MINURCA) (Apr 1998 - Feb 2000);
- -U-XF2595 - United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH) (Sep 1993 - June 1996);
- -H-XF3364 - United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan (UNMOT) (Dec 1994 - May 2000);
- -U-XF6007 - United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) (Oct 1999 - Dec 2005), replacing U-XF4910 - United Nations Mission of Observers in Sierra Leone (UNOMSIL) (July 1998 - Oct 1999);
- -H-XF6838 - United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor (UNMISET) (May 2002 - May 2005), replacing H-XF5671 - United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) (Oct 1999 - May 2002) andH-XJ4472 - United Nations Mission in East Timor (UNAMET) (June 1999 - Sep 1999);
- -U-XU6109 - United Nations Observation Group in Lebanon (UNOGIL) (June 1958 - Dec 1958);
- -U-XF2593 - United Nations Observation Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL) (Sep 1993 - Sep 1997);
- -U-XE1314 - United Nations Observer Group in Central America (ONUCA) (Nov 1989 - Jan 1992);
- -U-XF2337 - United Nations Observer Mission in El Salvador (July 1991 - Apr 1995);
- -U-XF2517 - United Nations Observer Mission in Uganda-Rwanda (UNOMUR) (June 1993 - Sep 1994);
- -U-XU9323 - United Nations Operation in the Congo (July 1960 - June 1964);
- -U-XF5326 - United Nations Operation in Mozambique (UNOMOZ) (Dec 1992 - Dec 1994);
- -U-XF5232 - United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM) (UNOSOM I: Apr 1992 - Mar 1993, UNOSOM II: May 1993 - Mar 1995);
- -U-XU6111 - United Nations Security Force in West New Guinea - West Irian (UNSF) (Oct 1962 - Apr 1963);
- -U-XF4452 - United Nations Support Mission in Haiti (UNSMIH) (July 1996 - July 1997);
- -U-XF0961 - United Nations Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) (Apr 1989 - Mar 1990);
- -U-XF2395 - United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC) (Mar 1992 - Sep 1993), absorbing U-XF2397 - United Nations Advance Mission in Cambodia (UNAMIC) (Oct 1991 - Mar 1992);
- -U-XF3701 - United Nations Verification Mission in Guatemala (MINUGUA) (Jan 1997- May 1997);
- -U-XU6110 - United Nations Yemen Observation Mission (UNYOM) (July 1963 - Sep 1964).
'Other Bodies' -
- K-XE8921 - Ad Hoc Committee on the Indian Ocean;
- H-XF4461 - Administrative Tribunal of the United Nations;
- U-XK1109 - Advisory Committee on the United Nations Educational and Training Programme for Southern Africa;
- U-XK0109 - Commission de démarcation de la frontière entre l'Iraq et le Koweït;
- E-XE6050 - Committee Against Torture (CAT);
- E-XE6009 - Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW);
- E-XE1310 - Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD);
- E-XE0536 - Committee on Information of the United Nations;
- E-XE0535 - Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS);
- E-XE1444 - Committee on the Rights of the Child;
- F-XE6548 - Conference on Disarmament (CD);
- U-XK0872 - Disaster Management Training Programme (DMTP);
- E-XE6139 - European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research (European Centre);
- European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control affiliated with the United Nations (HEUNI);
- U-XK1129 - Fonds de secours humanitaires de ONU;
- E-XE0429 - Human Rights Committee (CCPR);
- E-XE8248 - Institut de formation et de recherche démographiques (IFORD);
- E-XE7803 - Instituto Latinoamericano de las Naciones Unidas para la Prevención del Delito y Tratamiento del Delincuente (ILANUD);
- United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR / ESRD) and U-XK2201 - Inter-Agency Task Force for Disaster Reduction (IATF);
- H-XK1523 - Inter-Agency Task Force on Employment and Sustainable Livelihoods for All;
- H-XK1524 - Inter-Agency Task Force on Enabling Environment for Economic and Social Development;
- H-XE1086 - Inter-Agency Working Group on Desertification (IAWGD);
- K-XK1474 - Inter-Governmental Consultations on Migration, Asylum and Refugees (IGC);
- E-XE1118 - Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC);
- U-XF3702 - International Civilian Mission to Haiti (MICIVIH) (jointly with OAS);
- International Computing Centre (ICC / CIC);
- E-XM0819 - International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR);
- International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia;
- International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda;
- U-XK2390 - International Group on Anti-Corruption Coordination (IGAC);
- E-XE1501 - International Institute on Ageing, United Nations - Malta (INIA);
- E-XE0223 - International Law Commission (ILC);
- F-XF3440 - International Search and Rescue Advisory Group (INSARAG);
- International Trade Centre (ITC / CCI / CCI);
- K-XE9922 - Joint Inspection Unit of the United Nations (JIU);
- Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs;
- E-XK1312 - Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), including the work of the previous H-XE3383 - United Nations Centre for Human Rights (CHR);
- Permanent Forum on Indigeneous Issues;
- Sessional Working Group on the Administration of Justice;
- Sessional Working Group on the Working Methods and Activities of Transnational Corporations;
- K-XE1134 - Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the Strengthening of the Role of the Organization;
- Trust Fund for the Programme of Action for the Third Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination;
- E-XE8372 - UN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UN Environment WCMC);
- E-XE7809 - United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders (UNAFEI);
- U-XF1013 - United Nations Audiovisual Promotion and Distribution Unit;
- K-XF0328 - United Nations Bibliographic Information System (UNBIS);
- H-XE3573 - United Nations Centre for International Crime Prevention, Vienna (CICP);
- U-XE2159 - United Nations Centre for Policy Coordination and Sustainable Development (UNCPCSD);
- E-XE8305 - United Nations Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD);
- United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL);
- E-XE6309 - United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL);
- E-XE0199 - United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR);
- E-XE0599 - United Nations Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People (CEIRPP);
- K-XE1145 - United Nations Committee of Experts on International Cooperation in Tax Matters;
- K-XE1028 - United Nations Committee for Programme and Coordination (CPC);
- E-XE1415 - United Nations Committee on Relations with the Host Country;
- United Nations Compensation Commission;
- H-XE1414 - United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine (UNCCP);
- S-XS0164 - United Nations Conference on Disarmament Issues;
- K-XK2387 - United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme Network;
- E-XE6404 - United Nations Department of Global Communications (UN-DCG);
- United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM);
- U-XK1055 - United Nations Development and Technical Cooperation Programme;
- F-XF1980 - United Nations Disarmament Information Programme;
- U-XF7404 - United Nations Disarmament Information System;
- H-XF2413 - United Nations Educational and Training Programme for Southern Africa (UNETPSA);
- United Nations Fund for International Partnerships (UNFIP);
- F-XF6503 - United Nations Girls' Education Initiative (UNGEI);
- United Nations Habitat and Human Settlements Foundation (UNHHSF);
- U-XK2213 - United Nations High-Level Committee on the Review of Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries;
- U-XK0876 - United Nations Information System (UNIS);
- United Nations Joint Staff Pension Fund (UNJSPF);
- United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission;
- E-XE7655 - United Nations Non-Governmental Liaison Service (NGLS);
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC / ONUDC / ONUDD);
- E-XK0972 - United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS);
- K-XK2384 - United Nations Office of the Special Advisor on Africa (OSAA);
- H-XK1267 - United Nations Office of the Special Coordinator for Africa and the Least Developed Countries (OSCAL);
- F-XF0951 - United Nations Postal Administration (UNPA);
- K-XK0789 - United Nations Programme on Ageing;
- E-XF0919 - United Nations Programme of Assistance in the Teaching, Study, Dissemination and Wider Appreciation of International Law;
- K-XK0262 - United Nations Programme on Youth;
- E-XE0621 - United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa (UNREC);
- E-XE0897 - United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament for Asia and the Pacific (UNRCPD);
- E-XE1055 - United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean (UNLIREC);
- E-XE4065 - United Nations Regional Commissions New York Office (RCNYO);
- E-XE5946 - United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR);
- K-XE0585 - United Nations Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories;
- E-XE1131 - United Nations Special Committee on Peace-keeping Operations;
- E-XE0586 - United Nations Special Committee on the Situation with Regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (Special Committee of Twenty Four);
- U-XF3481 - United Nations Standby Arrangements System (UNSAS), including H-XF5754 - Multinational Stand-by Readiness Brigade for United Nations Operations (SHIRBRIG);
- E-XE4205 - United Nations Sustainable Development Group (UNSDG);
- U-XK1295 - United Nations System-wide Special Initiative on Africa (SIA);
- F-XF0810 - United Nations Trust Fund for African Development (UNTFAD);
- U-XF2123 - United Nations Trust Fund for Ageing;
- United Nations Trust Fund for Human Rights Education Programme in Cambodia;
- U-XK1599 - United Nations Trust Fund for Integrating Public Administration and the Science of Earthquakes in Prediction (UNEPPA Trust Fund);
- U-XK0227 - United Nations Trust Fund for Social Defence;
- U-XF6307 - United Nations Trust Fund for South Africa (UNTFSA);
- F-XF2488 - United Nations University (UNU);
- K-XF2096 - United Nations Voluntary Fund on Disability;
- United Nations Voluntary Fund for Indigenous Populations;
- U-XK1283 - United Nations Voluntary Fund for Internally Displaced Persons;
- United Nations Voluntary Fund for the International Decade of the World Indigenous People;
- United Nations Voluntary Fund for Technical Cooperation in the Field of Human Rights;
- United Nations Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture (UNVFVT);
- U-XK0968 - United Nations Voluntary Trust Fund for Assistance to Mine Clearance;
- United Nations Voluntary Trust Fund on Contemporary Forms of Slavery;
- Working Group on Contemporary Forms of Slavery;
- Working Group on Indigenous Populations;
- Working Group on Minorities.
'Instrumental in setting up':
Treaties with which the United Nations is associated and which are not quoted elsewhere in this description:
- T-XT5605 - Customs Convention on Containers, 1956;
- T-XT7213 - Convention on the International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects;
- T-XT8214 - International Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Controls of Goods;
- T-XT8567 - Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution on the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions or Their Transboundary Fluxes by at Least 30 per Cent (1985 Sulphur protocol);
- T-XT8612 - Food Aid Convention, 1986 (FAC);
- T-XT8703 - Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer;
- T-XT8711 - International Sugar Agreement, 1987 (ISA);
- T-XT9102 - Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (Espoo Convention);
- T-XT9110 - Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of Identification;
- T-XT9294 - Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities;
- T-XT9461 - United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD);
- T-XT9663 - Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT);
- T-XT9709 - Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (Ottawa Convention).
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Relations with Inter-Governmental OrganizationsAvailable with paid subscription only.
Relations with Non-Governmental OrganizationsAvailable with paid subscription only.
PublicationsAvailable with paid subscription only.
MembersAvailable with paid subscription only.
Type I ClassificationAvailable with paid subscription only.
Type II ClassificationAvailable with paid subscription only.
Subjects *Available with paid subscription only.
UN Sustainable Development Goals **
UIA Org ID
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.
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