Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)

Communauté économique des Etats de l'Afrique centrale (CEEAC)
Comunidad Económica de los Estados del Africa Central (CEEAC)
Comunidade Economica dos Estados da Africa Central (CEEAC)

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Contact Details

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History

Dec 1981, Libreville (Gabon), during a conference of the Heads of State of Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries (CEPGL) and Central African Customs and Economic Union (CACEU), following recommendations adopted, 1981, Lagos (Nigeria), by Organization of African Unity (OAU), within the framework of the Plan of Action and the Final Act of Lagos of 1980. Treaty adopted 18 Oct 1983, Libreville; entered into force 18 Dec 1984. Inactive 1992-1997, mainly due to internal conflicts. Relaunched Feb 1998, Libreville, during 2nd extra-ordinary Summit.

Aims

Promote and reinforce harmonious cooperation and balanced, self-maintained development in all areas of economic, social, cultural, scientific and technical activity in order to: realize collective autonomy; raise the standard of living of the people; increase and maintain economic stability; promote peace, security and stability in the sub-region; reinforce close and peaceful relations among member States; contribute to the development of the African continent. Specific objectives: eliminate customs duties and all other equivalent taxes on the import and export of merchandise among member States; abolish quantitative restrictions and other hindrances to trade; establish a commercial policy with respect to third countries; progressively eliminate obstacles to free circulation of persons, goods, services, capital and right of establishment; harmonize national policies so as to promote common activities, notably in the areas of industry, transport and communications, energy, agriculture, natural resources, trade, currency and finance, human resources, tourism, education and culture, and science and technology; create a cooperation and development fund; accelerate development of member States either land-locked, partially islands, semi-enclosed and/or in the category of least developed countries.

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Activities

Events/meetings; politics/policy/regulatory. In the initial phase, priority is accorded to mutual trade, payments (including establishment of a clearing arrangement for ECCAS as a whole) and transport. New non-tariff barriers in intra-community trade are prohibited and ECCAS clearing house was established in Feb 1989. Free Trade Area was established, 4 July 2005. A Compensation Fund provides compensation for losses due to the setting up of common external customs tariffs (not yet in operation). To facilitate financial transactions a 'Chamber of Compensation' is expected to come into operation shortly. A Food Security Regional Programme was established. Legislation on road transport is being harmonized, as are flight schedules and air transport tariffs; interconnection of telecommunication networks within Pan African Telecommunications Network (PANAFTEL) is being agreed. Set up: Council for Peace and Security in Central Africa (COPAX); Central African Power Pool (CAPP). Implements Central African Convention for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons, Their Ammunition, Parts and Components That Can be Used for Their Manufacture, Repair and Assembly (Kinshasa Convention).

Activities currently focus on the following areas: Promotion of interregional trade; Peace, security and stability; Support to election processes in Member States; Implementation of NEPAD in Central Africa; Consensual Transport Master Plan in Central Africa (PDCT-AC); Electrical networks interconnection of Member States; Development of NICT sector; Food security promotion and agro-based industry development; Fight against HIV/AIDS; Free movement of persons; Institutional, financial and human building capacity; Promotion of gender; Structuring of a Community vision for integrated development and prosperity; Bilateral and multilateral cooperation development.

Structure

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Languages

English, French, Portuguese, Spanish.

Staff

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Financing

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 37 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 3 non-governmental organizations.
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Publications

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Information Services

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Members

Members in 11 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Government
    • Nation State
    • Intergovernmental Communities
  • Economics
    • Economic

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthGOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions

UIA Org ID

D4308

Last News Received

2018
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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