International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO)

Organisation internationale de protection civile (OIPC)
Organización Internacional de Protección Civil (OIPC)

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Originates from Association Les Lieux de Genève, founded 1931, Paris (France). Association transferred to Geneva (Switzerland), 1937, when renamed International Association of Geneva Zones for the protection of civilian populations and historic buildings in times of armed conflicts – Association internationale pour la protection des populations civiles, des monuments historiques et oeuvres d'art en temps de guerre. Reconstituted under current title, Jan 1958, as a non-governmental organization. Present constitution adopted, Oct 1966, Monaco, at Constituent Assembly; entered into force 1 Mar 1972, when ICDO became and intergovernmental organization. Constitution registered with the A-XA3375 - United Nations (UN) under 'UNTS I/14376', 10 Oct 1975, New York NY (USA), according to Article 102 of the UN Charter. Headquarters agreement concluded 10 Mar 1976 with Swiss Federal Council. Established 1 Mar 1972, Geneva (Switzerland), on entry into force of constitution which had been adopted by Plenipotentiary Conference 17 Oct 1966, Monaco. Mandate is based on its Constitution and the Universal Declaration on Civil Protection (Amman Declaration) adopted Apr 1994, Amman. Supplemented by texts adopted during major conferences, including: Beijing Declaration, 1998; Framework Convention on Civil Defence Assistance (Geneva, May 2000); Declaration of the Conference for Follow-up of the Framework Convention (Geneva, Oct 2002); Bishkek Declaration, 12 May 2016; ICDO Strategic Programme 2015-2025, adopted 2014.


Contribute to development by states of structures known as civil protection, civil defence or civil safety, ensuring protection and assistance of populations, and safeguarding property and the environment in the face of natural or man-made disasters; federate these national structures and favour cooperation and mutual solidarity among them.


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General Assembly (every 2 years); Executive Council (meets annually). Permanent Secretariat and International Monitoring and Coordination Centre (IMCC) (established 2015) located at Headquarters in Geneva (Switzerland); E-Learning Centre in Tunis (Tunisia) (established 2014). ICDO Emergency Relief Warehouses in Kyrgyzstan and Togo.


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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

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UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 13: Climate Action



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