League of Arab States (LAS)

Ligue des Etats arabes (LEA)
Jamiat Adduwal Al Arabia

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History

22 Mar 1945, Cairo (Egypt), at the Arab General Congress, on signature by representatives of the then 7 independent Arab States of the Pact of the League of Arab States, also referred to as the 'Charter', which is the constituent instrument of the League. Establishment followed meetings 25 Sep 1944 - 7 Oct 1944, Alexandria, later known as the Arab Unity Consultations, at which the Arab League project, subsequently known as the Alexandria Protocol, had been signed. Two further documents may be regarded as complementing the Charter: Treaty for Joint Defence and Economic Cooperation, signed 13 Mar 1950; Charter for National Economic Action, issued 26 Nov 1980. The Charter also proposed to set up Arab Court of Justice (ACJ). All LAS Member States have become parties to both instruments. LAS headquarters transferred temporarily from Cairo to Tunis (Tunisia) in Mar 1979 but returned to Cairo following a resolution dated 10 Sep 1990. LAS is also referred to as Arab League -- Ligue arabe.

Aims

Foster and promote relations among member states in political, economic, social, financial, transport, cultural and health issues; coordinate the policies of member states so as to safeguard their national security and maintain their independence and sovereignty; promote the common interests of member states.

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Activities

Serves as a forum for member states to coordinate their policy positions in the political field; plays a role in reaching peaceful settlements of inter-Arab disputes; concludes agreements in the economic field to achieve Arab economic integration; in the social field, enhances women's statuts and promotes human rights, sponsors sponsors joint Arab strategies in the areas of child and youth care, social defence against crime, combating narcotics and drug abuse; plays a role in the harmonization of school curricula, the launching of literacy campaigns and fostering dialogue among civilizations. Executive programme, created 1 Jan 2005, to create Greater Greater Arab Free-Trade Area (GAFTA).

Arab specialized unions, approved and statutes ratified by LAS:

 • Arab Cooperative Union (UCA);

 • Arab Federation for Engineering Industries (AFEI);

 • Arab Federation of Fish Producers (AFFP);

 • Arab Federation for Food Industries (AFFI);

 • Arab Federation of Leather Industries;

 • Arab Federation for Paper, Printing and Packaging Industries (AFPPPI);

 • Arab Federation for Textile Industries;

 • Arab Fertilizer Association (AFA);

 • Arab Iron and Steel Union (AISU);

 • Arab Sugar Federation (ASF);

 • Arab Union for Cement and Building Materials (AUCBM);

 • Arab Union of Land Transport (AUOLT);

 • Arab Union of Manufacturers of Pharmaceuticals and Medical Appliances (AUPAM);

 • Union of Maritime Ports of Arab Countries.

Fora: Arab Chinese Forum; Arab India Cooperation Forum; Summit for the Arab and South American Countries.

Instrumental in setting up, organizing or maintaining:

 • Afro-Arab Investment Institution;

 • Afro-Arab Preferential Trade Area;

 • Arab African Institute for Culture and Strategic Studies (proposed);

 • Arab Air Carriers Organization (AACO);

 • Arab Centre for Medical Research (ACMR);

 • Arab Civil Aviation Commission;

 • Arab Committee of Seven;

 • Arab Council for Medical Specializations;

 • Arab Fisheries Company (AFC);

 • Arab Higher Committee for Pharmacological Affairs;

 • Arab Human Rights Committee;

 • Arab Information System Network (ARISNET);

 • Arab Institute for Forestry and Range (AIFR);

 • Arab Oil Experts Committee;

 • Arab Permanent Committee for Meteorology;

 • Arab Permanent Military Commission;

 • Arab Permanent Postal Commission (APPC);

 • Arab Potash Company (APC);

 • Arab Research Centre for Injuries (ARCI);

 • Arab Scientific Advisory Committee for Blood Transfer;

 • Arab Technical Committee for Endemic Diseases;

 • Arab Telecommunication Union (ATU);

 • Arab Tourism Organization (ATO);

 • Arab Trade Financing Programme (ATFP);

 • Arab Unified Military Command;

 • Arab Women Organization (AW0);

 • Arab Women's Committee;

 • Association of Arab Universities (AARU);

 • Bureau de promotion du tourisme culturel dans les pays arabes;

 • Committee of Arab Experts on Cooperation;

 • Committee of Arab Experts on Customs Tariffs;

 • Coordinating Committee between the League of Arab States, Organs Working within its Framework and Arab Specialized Organizations;

 • Egyptian Arab Land Bank;

 • Federation of Arab News Agencies (FANA);

 • High Coordination Committee for Joint Arab Action;

 • Institute of Arab Manuscripts;

 • League of Arab and Islamic Peoples;

 • Pan Arab Project for Child Development (PAPCHILD);

 • Regional Organization for the Conservation of the Environment of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden (PERSGA).

Agreements concluded under LAS auspices:

 • Arab charter on human rights (in force since 16 Mar 2008);

 • Cultural Treaty;

 • Treaty of Joint Defence and Economic Cooperation between the Arab League States;

 • Agreement Relating to Writs and Letters of Request;

 • Convention Affecting the Nationality of Arabs Resident in Countries to Which They Are Not Related by Origin;

 • Extradition Agreement;

 • Reciprocal Enforcement of Judgements Agreement;

 • Convention for Facilitating Trade Exchange and the Regulation of Transit Trade between States of the Arab League;

 • Convention of the Privileges and Immunities of the League of Arab States;

 • Convention for the Settlement of Payments of Current Transaction and the Movements of Capital between States of the Arab League;

 • Nationality Agreement;

 • Arab Convention on the Suppression of Terrorism;

 • Treaty on Arab Judicial Cooperation (Riyadh);

 • Treaty on Trade Adjudication (Amman).

Structure

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Languages

Arabic.

Staff

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 76 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 54 non-governmental organizations.
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Publications

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Members

Members in 22 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Government
    • Intergovernmental Communities

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

UIA Org ID

D2903

Last News Received

2018
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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