United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA)
Office de secours et de travaux des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés de Palestine dans le Proche-Orient
Organismo de Obras Públicas y Socorro de las Naciones Unidas para los Refugiados de Palestina en el Cercano Oriente (OOPS)
8 Dec 1949, by General Assembly Resolution 302 (IV), as a subsidiary organ of A-XA3375 - United Nations (UN) within the F-XF1000 - United Nations System, linked to the General Assembly, to carry out direct relief and works programmes for Palestine refugees and to prepare for the time when the relief assistance was no longer needed. Operations commenced on 1 May 1950. Although not originally envisaged as a permanent organization, in the absence of a solution to the Palestine refugee problem the UN General Assembly has repeatedly extended the mandate, most recently to 30 Jun 2005.
In cooperation with host authorities, provide registered Palestine refugees with essential humanitarian assistance in the areas of: education; health; relief and social services; microfinance and microenterprise; projects; emergency operations.
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'Governance': no official governing body; activities are reviewed annually by Advisory Commission, comprised of representatives from 10 countries, with Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) as observer. Commissioner-General, appointed by UN Secretary-General with the endorsement of the Advisory Commission, reports directly to UN General Assembly. UNRWA also meets at least twice yearly with host authorities and donor governments to address issues of mutual concern and review activities. 'Structure and Headquarters': Field operations handled by field offices (5): Jordan; Lebanon; Syrian Arab Republic; West Bank; Gaza Strip. Headquarters: 1950-1978 in Beirut (Lebanon); 1978-Jun 1996 in Vienna (Austria); since Jul 1996, divided between Gaza and Amman (Jordan). Liaison offices at the United Nations, New York NY (USA) and Palais des Nations, Geneva (Switzerland). Office in Cairo (Egypt).
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UN Sustainable Development Goals **
UIA Org ID
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.
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