Terms and Conditions

Copyright Notice

Intellectual property laws protect this site. Copyright in the material available at this site is owned by the Union of International Associations (UIA) and may only be used in the ways described in this legal notice. Copyrighted material includes both static and generated patterns of text, hypertext and graphics, except where indicated as belonging to another party.

Research or Personal Use

While accessing this site:

  • you may take temporary copies necessary to browse this site on screen
  • unless otherwise stated, you may download or print a single copy of UIA copyright material for research or personal use
  • you must not change any of the material or remove any part of any copyright

The UIA reserves the right to:

  • refuse or terminate usage by parties whose mandate includes extensive redistribution of information of a similar nature
  • modify or reduce access to features that are not explicitly specified in any subscription arrangement

Academic / Bibliographic Citation

Reproduction beyond personal use is authorized, provided the source is acknowledged. If usual information (such as authorship, date) is not otherwise apparent on the page, it is sufficient to cite the complete page URL and date of retrieval, followed by "© Union of International Associations 1997 - present". (Professional style guides for bibliographic web citation are available at, for example, https://archive.ifla.org/I/training/citation/citing.htm)

UIA Logo (emblem) / Name

The use of the UIA logo (emblem) / name is restricted and permission to use the logo or name is granted only under exceptional circumstances.

Objectives of UIA Electronic Services

The Union of International Associations (UIA) maintains this service to:

  • promote research and study on transnational associative networks
  • collect and distribute documentation on international organizations, both governmental and non-governmental
  • encourage communication and cooperation between people and organizations working in the international framework
  • illuminate world problems (and solutions) as perceived by international organizations

The UIA provides this service to contribute to a universal order based on principles of human dignity, solidarity of peoples and freedom of communication. (UIA Constitution, Article 3)

This service is continually under development. We aim to keep this information up-to-date and accurate. We will make every effort to correct errors brought to our attention. If copyright has inadvertently been infringed and this infringement is brought to our attention, we will remove the material.

Short Disclaimer

By visiting and using the information at this web site you agree to accept all risks and responsibility for loss, damage, costs and other consequences resulting directly or indirectly from using this site and any information or material available from it.

You should not assume that the information contained herein is authoritative, complete or error-free, or that it will be suitable for the particular purpose that you have in mind when using it. It should never be relied on as the basis for doing or failing to do something.

To the maximum permitted by law, UIA excludes all liability to any person arising directly or indirectly from using this site and any information or material available from it.

Long Disclaimer

Content: The material on this site is:

  • information of a general nature only, which is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity
  • not professional, scientific, medical, technical or expert advice (if you need specific advice, you should always consult a suitably qualified professional)
  • compiled from diverse sources of variable style, content, provenance and persuasion
  • linked to external sites over which the UIA has no control and for which the UIA assumes no responsibility
  • subject to change without notice
  • click here for detailed information concerning compilation methods and deficiencies of the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Copyright and copyleft (for received and published materials): To the extent possible, the profiles are based on public domain information, especially that received from international organizations. Such information has often been very carefully prepared to filter out particular biases. Extensive use is made of other sources in weaving new phrases, sentences, or larger amounts of text into existing problem and strategy profiles. Since no profile is considered static or definitive, material from many sources will be combined in the continuing process of developing profiles.

Endorsement: Reference herein to any specific person (legal or private), product, process or service by name does not necessarily constitute recommendation or imply favour or disfavour by the UIA. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the UIA. Further, the inclusion of pointers to particular items in hypertext is not necessarily intended to reflect their importance, nor does the UIA intend to endorse any views expressed or products or services offered by the author of the reference or the organization operating the servers on which the reference is maintained.

Hyperlinkage: The UIA is not responsible for the use of a hypertext link for which a commercial charge applies. Individual users are responsible for any charges that their use may incur. Although the UIA encourages reciprocating links to other relevant web sites in the effort to increase visibility to both sites, hyperlinks to other web sites imply neither responsibility for, nor approval of, the information contained in those other web sites on the part of the UIA. Links to and frames of this site are permitted but UIA reserves the right to prevent linking or framing by giving notices. Links and frames connecting this site with other sites are for convenience only and do not mean that UIA endorses or approves those other sites, their content or the people who run them.

Good faith: In providing this electronically served information, UIA acts in good faith according to its constitutional aims and uses all reasonable endeavours to maintain its data to a high standard. However the UIA and persons acting on its behalf accept no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to (1) any defects on this site, or (2) the use which might be made of material on this site, any lost revenues, harm or other consequential damage that may result from such defects or use.

Beware Security Risks and Computer Viruses

The World Wide Web exists across insecure, public networks and there is a risk that:

  • transmissions to or from this site may be intercepted and modified by third parties
  • files obtained from or through this site may contain computer viruses or other defects

More information?

If you have any questions about information provided on this page, please contact us.

The UIA reserves the right to update or revise these Terms and Conditions at any time without notice. Please check this page periodically for changes. The revised terms will be effective immediately as soon as they are posted on the website and by continuing to use the site you agree to be bound by the revised terms.