International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

Union internationale des télécommunications (UIT)
Unión Internacional de Telecomunicaciones (UIT)

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1985-05-17 Paris France


Established on signature by 20 States of the Convention télégraphique de Paris – International Telegraph Convention of Paris, as Union radiotélégraphique universelle – International Telegraph Union. Convention entered into force 1 Jan 1866. Central secretariat created by International Telegraph Conference, 1868, Vienna (Austria-Hungary) and set up 1869, Bern (Switzerland), as Bureau international des administration télégraphiques – International Bureau of Telegraphs, which changed title to Bureau de l'Union télégraphique, 1908. T-XT0618 - International Wireless Telegraph Convention (Radiotelegraph convention) signed by 27 maritime nations, 3 Nov 1906, following the conclusion of T-XT0300 - Final Protocol of the Preliminary Conference Respecting Wireless Telegraphy, 13 Aug 1903, Berlin, at Preliminary Wireless Telegraphy Conference. Bureau of International Telegraph Union entrusted with administering the Convention with Radiotelegraph Section of the Bureau operational as of 1 May 1907. At International Telegraph Conference 1925, Paris (France), officially incorporated the Comité consultatif international des communications téléphoniques à grande distance – International Consultative Committee for Long Distance Telephone Communications, which later became known as Comité consultatif international téléphonique – International Telephone Consultative Committee (CCIF). During same conference, Comité consultatif international des communications télégraphiques – International Consultative Committee on Telegraph Communications was also created, which was later known as Comité consultatif international télégraphique (CCIT) – International Telegraph Consultative Committee. Comité consultatif international technique des communications radioélectriques – International Technical Consultative Committee for Radioelectric Communication, created 1927, Washington DC (USA), subsequently known as Comité consultatif international des radiocommunications – International Consultative Committee for Radiocommunications (CCIR). International Telegraph Conference and International Radiotelegraph Conference merged their respective conventions - International Telegraph Convention – Convention télégraphique internationale and T-XT1202 - International Radiotelegraph Convention, 1932. New convention signed 9 Dec 1932 and entered into force 1 Jan 1934, when current title was also adopted. Headquarters moved to Geneva (Switzerland) 1948. CCIF and CCIT merged to form H-XE2624 - International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee, 1956. New Constitution and Convention for ITU adopted 1992 and in force since 1 Jul 1994. Based at E-XE3343 - United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG). Since 15 Nov 1947, a specialized agency of A-XA3375 - United Nations (UN) in the framework of F-XF1000 - United Nations System, linked to E-XE3377 - ECOSOC.

Legal status:

Convention of the International Telecommunication Union, 1992, signed 1992, Geneva (Switzerland); entered into force 1 Jul 1994, superseding T-XT8219 - International Telecommunication Convention, 1982, signed 6 Nov 1982, Nairobi (Kenya); entered into force 1 Jan 1984, superseding T-XT7317 - International Telecommunication Convention, 1973. T-XT7981 - Radio Regulations and Additional Radio Regulations signed 1979, Geneva, since partially revised by World Administrative Radio Conferences. T-XT8890 - International Telecommunications Regulation, signed 9 Dec 1988, Melbourne (Australia), entered into force 1 Jul 1990, replacing T-XT7391 - Telegraph Regulations, Telephone Regulations. New ITU Constitution and Convention, T-XT8912 - International Telecommunication Convention, 1989, adopted May 1989, Nice (France). Statutes registered in: 'LNTS 1365'; 'LNTS 1905'; 'LNTS 3479'.


Coordinate the shared global use of the radio spectrum; promote international cooperation in assigning satellite orbits; improve communication infrastructure in the developing world; establish worldwide standards that foster seamless interconnection of a vast range of communications systems and technologies, and therefore contributing to connect the world; leverage the power of ICTs towards achievement of the SDGs.


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General Secretariat; Technical Bureaus (3): U-XK0983 - ITU Radiocommunication Bureau (BR); K-XK0984 - Telecommunication Standardization Bureau (TSB); E-XE3058 - Bureau de développement des télécommunications (BDT). Regional Offices (6): Africa; Americas; Arab States; Asia-Pacific; Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS); Europe. Area Offices.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

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UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 1: No PovertyGOAL 2: Zero HungerGOAL 3: Good Health and Well-beingGOAL 4: Quality EducationGOAL 5: Gender EqualityGOAL 6: Clean Water and SanitationGOAL 7: Affordable and Clean EnergyGOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthGOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and InfrastructureGOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and CommunitiesGOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and ProductionGOAL 13: Climate ActionGOAL 14: Life Below WaterGOAL 15: Life on LandGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong InstitutionsGOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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