Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC)
Commission océanographique intergouvernementale (COI)
Comisión Oceanografica Intergubernamental (COI)
Mezpravitelstvennaja Okeanograficeskaja Komissija (MOK)
1960 Paris France
Established as a body with functional autonomy within B-XB3383 - UNESCO, in accordance with a resolution of Intergovernmental Conference on Oceanographic Research, Jul 1960, Copenhagen (Denmark), by decision of 11th General Conference of UNESCO, Nov 1960. The only competent organization for marine science within the UN System. First met at UNESCO Headquarters, 19-27 Oct 1961. Initially 40 states became members. Statutes modified: 1970; 1987; 1999 by General Conference of UNESCO at its 30th session.
Promote international cooperation and coordinate programmes in research, services and capacity building in order to learn more about the nature and resources of the ocean and coastal areas and apply that knowledge for the improvement of management, sustainable development, protection of the marine environment, and the decision-making processes of its Member States.
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Assembly (every 2 years) in Paris (France); Executive Council (meeting annually). Technical and regional subsidiary bodies, including joint bodies with other organizations:
- E-XE5376 - IOC Sub-Commission for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions (IOCARIBE);
- K-XE1187 - IOC Sub-Commission for the Western Pacific (WESTPAC);
- K-XJ6013 - IOC Sub-Commission for Africa and the Adjacent Island States (IOCAFRICA);
- K-XE1178 - IOC Regional Committee for the Central Indian Ocean (IOCINDIO);
- Black Sea Regional Committee (BSRC);
- E-XE0888 - Intergovernmental Coordination Group for the Pacific Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System (ICG/PTWS);
- E-XM0419 - Intergovernmental Coordination Group for the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System (ICG IOTWS);
- E-XM0420 - Intergovernmental Coordination Group for Tsunami and Other Coastal Hazards Warning System for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions (ICG/CARIBE EWS);
- E-XJ5638 - Intergovernmental Coordination Group for the Tsunami Early Warning and Mitigation System in the North-eastern Atlantic, the Mediterranean and Connected Seas (ICG/NEAMTWS);
- IOC Committee on F-XE6957 - International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE);
- F-XF2537 - Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) Steering Committee;
- E-XE3195 - IOC Intergovernmental Panel on Harmful Blooms (IPHAB);
- K-XK0090 - IOC Group of Experts on the Global Sea-Level Observing System (GLOSS);
- OIC Working Group on Tsunamis and Other Hazards Related to Sea-Level Warning and Mitigation Systems (TOWS-WG);
- Advisory Body of Experts on the Law of the Sea (ABE-LOS).
Other joint groups: E-XE4186 - Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection (GESAMP); E-XE1593 - Joint IOC/IHO Guiding Committee for the General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (GEBCO); E-XE3456 - Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM); F-XF9983 - World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). Together with IHO, provides joint committees for: International Bathymetric Chart of the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico (IBCCA); International Bathymetric Chart of the Central Eastern Atlantic (IBCEA); International Bathymetric Chart of the Mediterranean (IBCM); International Bathymetric Chart of the Western Indian Ocean (IBCWIO). Contributes to: T-XT9210 - United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
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UN Sustainable Development Goals **
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** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.
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