Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC)

Commission océanographique intergouvernementale (COI)
Comisión Oceanografica Intergubernamental (COI)
Mezpravitelstvennaja Okeanograficeskaja Komissija (MOK)

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Established 1960, Paris (France), as a body with functional autonomy within United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), in accordance with a resolution of Intergovernmental Conference on Oceanographic Research, July 1960, Copenhagen (Denmark), by decision of 11th General Conference of UNESCO, Nov 1960. The only competent organization for marine science within the UN System. Full title: Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) . First met at UNESCO Headquarters, 19-27 Oct 1961. Initially 40 states became members. Statutes modified: 1970; 1987; 1999 by General Conference of UNESCO at its 30th session.


Promote international cooperation and coordinate programmes in research, services and capacity building in order to learn more about the nature and resources of the ocean and coastal areas and apply that knowledge for the improvement of management, sustainable development, protection of the marine environment, and the decision-making processes of its Member States.

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Research/documentation; research and development; training/education; guidance/assistance/consulting; knowledge management/information dissemination; monitoring/evaluation; standards/guidelines.


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English, French, Russian, Spanish.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 75 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 47 non-governmental organizations.
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Information Services

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Members in 150 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Oceanography
    • Oceanography
  • Government
    • Intergovernmental
  • Agriculture, Fisheries
    • Fisheries
  • International Relations
    • United Nations

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 2: Zero HungerGOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthGOAL 14: Life Below WaterGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions



Last News Received

17. Oct 2019
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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