Oceanography, also known as oceanology, sea science, ocean science, and marine science, is the scientific study of the oceans. It is an Earth science, which covers a wide range of topics, including ecosystem dynamics; ocean currents, waves, and geophysical fluid dynamics; plate tectonics and seabed geology; and fluxes of various chemical substances and physical properties within the ocean and across its boundaries. These diverse topics reflect multiple disciplines that oceanographers utilize to glean further knowledge of the world ocean, including astronomy, biology, chemistry, geography, geology, hydrology, meteorology and physics. Paleoceanography studies the history of the oceans in the geologic past. An oceanographer is a person who studies many matters concerned with oceans, including marine geology, physics, chemistry, and biology.

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Second Level Subjects


Organizations relating to Oceanography

Global Partnership for Oceans / Est. 2012
Arab Sea Ports Federation / Alexandria, Egypt / Est. 1976
Federación Panamericana de Ingenieria Oceanica y Costera
International Pan Ocean Remote Sensing Conference Association / Redmond WA, USA / Est. 1990
International Coastal and Ocean Organization / Newark DE, USA / Est. 1989
Regional Organization for the Protection of the Marine Environment / Safat, Kuwait
Ocean Recovery Alliance / Central, Hong Kong
South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation / Wellington, New Zealand
Fishery Committee for the Eastern Central Atlantic / Accra, Ghana / Est. 1967
Intergovernmental Coordination Group for the Pacific Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System / Paris, France / Est. 1965
International Marine Certification Institute / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1992
Intergovernmental Coordination Group for the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System / Paris, France / Est. 2005
Intergovernmental Coordination Group for Tsunami and Other Coastal Hazards Warning System for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions / Quatre-Bornes, Mauritius / Est. 2005
Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission / Paris, France / Est. 1960
International Scientific Committee for Tuna and Tuna-like Species in the North Pacific Ocean / Shizuoka, Japan / Est. 1995
Comité Regional de Recursos Hidraulicos del Istmo Centroamericano / San José, Costa Rica / Est. 1966
Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology / Ravenna, Italy / Est. 1999
Joint IOC/IHO Guiding Committee for the General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans / Monte Carlo, Monaco / Est. 1972
GOOS Regional Alliance for the South East Pacific / Paris, France / Est. 2003
Coastal Oceans Research and Development - Indian Ocean / Mombasa, Kenya
ROPME Sea Area Hydrographic Commission / Muscat, Oman / Est. 2000
Intergovernmental Coordination Group for the Tsunami Early Warning and Mitigation System in the North-eastern Atlantic, the Mediterranean and Connected Seas / Paris, France / Est. 2005
UN-OCEANS / New York NY, USA / Est. 2003
Mediterranean Oceanography Network for the Global Ocean Observing System / Est. 2012
Action Plan for Protection, Development and Management of the Marine Environment of the Northwest Pacific Region / Busan, Korea Rep / Est. 1991
Action Plan for the Protection and Management of the South Asia Seas Region / Colombo, Sri Lanka / Est. 1995
International Waters Learning Exchange and Resource Network / Paris, France
Global Forum on Oceans, Coasts and Islands / Newark DE, USA / Est. 2002
Action Plan for the Protection of the Marine Environment and Coastal Areas in the South East Pacific / Guayaquil, Ecuador / Est. 1981
Conference of Baltic Oceanographers / Est. 1957
Third Millennium Foundation / Paciano, Italy / Est. 1987
Baltic Operational Oceanographic System / Tallinn, Estonia
Pelagic Advisory Council / Zoetermeer, Netherlands / Est. 2005
Waste Free Oceans / Brussels, Belgium
Fondation internationale du Banc d'Arguin / Arles, France / Est. 1986
Save Our Seas / Est. 1993
Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, Halifax / Halifax NS, Canada / Est. 1971
North American Society for Oceanic History / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1973
Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research / Den Burg, Netherlands / Est. 1876
Ocean Futures Society / Santa Barbara CA, USA / Est. 1999
Tethys Research Institute / Milan, Italy / Est. 1986
Pacific Whale Foundation / Wailuku HI, USA / Est. 1980
International Marine Minerals Society / St Petersburg FL, USA / Est. 1987
Ryan Foundation International / Chennai, India / Est. 1982
International Centre for Coastal and Ocean Policy Studies / Genoa, Italy / Est. 1992
Pacific Tsunami Warning Center / Honolulu HI, USA / Est. 1949
Fondazione Mediterranea / Ragusa, Italy / Est. 1985
Center for Oceans Law and Policy / Charlottesville VA, USA / Est. 1976
EarthEcho International / Washington DC, USA / Est. 2000

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