Comisión Permanente del Pacifico Sur (CPPS)

Commission permanente du Pacifique Sud
Permanent Commission for the South Pacific
Comissão Permanente do Pacifico Sul

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Established 18 Aug 1952, Santiago (Chile), by 'Declaration of Santiago (Declaration on the Maritime Zone) -- Declaración de Santiago (Declaración sobre la Zona Maritima)', signed and ratified by the Governments of Chile, Ecuador, and Peru during 'First Conference for the Exploitation and Conservation of Marine Resources in the South Pacific'. Also referred to as Permanent Southeast Pacific Commission. Legal capacity established through an Agreement signed 14 Jan 1966. On 9 Aug 1979, Quito (Ecuador), the Government of Colombia signed an Incorporation Convention to join the System of the South Pacific, adhering to the Declaration of Santiago and other related regional conventions. Declarations of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs: 24 Jan 1981 - 'Declaration of Cali -- Declaración de Cali'; 10 Feb 1984 - 'Declaration of Viña del Mar -- Declaración de Viña del Mar'; 10 Dec 1987 - 'Declaration of Quito -- Declaración de Quito'; 4 Mar 1993 - 'Declaration of Lima -- Declaración de Lima'; 4 Aug 1997 - 'Declaration of Bogota -- Declaración de Bogota'; 14 Aug 2000 - 'Declaration of Santiago -- Declaración de Santiago'; 14 Aug 2002 - 'Declaration of Santiago -- Declaración de Santiago'. Statutes registered in 'UNTS 1/16890'.


Promote, protect and encourage research on the rational and sustainable exploitation of living marine resources; promote research on the interaction of ocean and atmosphere and its social and economic effects; preserve the marine and coastal environment; promote and protect development of maritime law; promote economic interests of the member countries.

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Since Declaration of Santiago, 1952, coordinates member states' policies for preservation of the marine environment and efforts against marine pollution, including: scientific research on the interaction among ocean, atmosphere and climate and their variations; ordering and development of the coastal zones and jurisdictional maritime areas; protection and preservation of the marine environment; utilization of non-living maritime resources (minerals and energy); ordering and development of fishing and other living maritime resources. Acts as Regional Coordinating Unit for South East Pacific Action Plan, which includes marine biodiversity, ecosystems of the Peruvian and Humboldt current and transzonal and highly migratory species. Events/meetings.

Management of treaties and agreements:

 • Convention on Biological Diversity (Biodiversity convention);

 • Declaration of Santiago on the Maritime Zone, 18 Aug 1952, Santiago (Chile);

 • Agreement on Special Maritime Border Zone, 4 Dec 1954, Lima (Peru);

 • Agreement on Regional Cooperation in Combating Pollution of the South-East Pacific by Hydrocarbons or other Harmful Substances in Cases of Emergency, 12 Nov 1981, Lima;

 • Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and Coastal Area of the Southeast Pacific (Lima Convention), 12 Nov 1981, Lima;

 • Complementary Protocol to the Agreement on Regional Cooperation in Combating Pollution of the Southeast Pacific by Hydrocarbons and other Harmful Substances, 22 July 1983, Quito (Ecuador);

 • Protocol for the Protection of the Southeast Pacific Against Pollution from Land-based Sources, 22 July 1983, Quito;

 • Protocol for the Conservation and Management of Protected Marine and Coastal Areas of the Southeast Pacific, 21 Sep 1989, Paipa (Colombia);

 • Protocol for the Protection of the South East Pacific Against Radioactive Contamination, 21 Sep 1989, Paipa (Colombia);

 • Protocol on the Programme for the Regional Study of the El Niño Phenomenon in the Southeastern Pacific (ERFEN), 6 Nov 1992, Callao (Peru);

 • Framework Agreement for the Conservation of Live Marine Resources in the High Seas of the Southeast Pacific Galapagos Agreement, 14 aug 2000, Santiago de Chile.


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English, Spanish.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 27 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 1 non-governmental organizations.
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Members in 5 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Meteorology
    • Meteorology
  • Oceanography
    • Oceanography
  • Geology
    • Land and Coastal Forms
  • Agriculture, Fisheries
    • Fisheries
  • Economics
    • Resource Utilization
  • Environment
    • Environment
  • Development
    • Sustainable Development

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 2: Zero HungerGOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthGOAL 13: Climate ActionGOAL 14: Life Below WaterGOAL 15: Life on Land



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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