International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN)
Union mondiale pour la conservation de la nature et de ses ressources
Unión Internacional para la Conservación de la Naturaleza y de los Recursos Naturales (UICN)
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1948-10-05 Fontainebleau France
Founded 5 Oct 1948, Fontainebleau (France), as International Union for the Protection of Nature (IUPN) -- Union internationale pour la protection de la nature (UIPN), at an international conference convened by UNESCO and the French Government. Establishment followed the setting up, Oct 1928, Brussels (Belgium), of Office international de documentation et de corrélation pour la protection de la nature, as the delayed result of the decision of an intergovernmental conference, 1913, Bern (Switzerland); subsequently becoming H-XH0409 - International Office for the Protection of Nature, 1934, on registration under Belgian law; reactivated in 1945 and documentation transferred to the IUPN on its setting up in 1948. Present Statutory name adopted Jun 1956, Edinburgh (UK). Presentational name: World Conservation Union -- Union mondiale pour la nature -- Unión Mundial para la Naturaleza, adopted Dec 1990, Perth (Australia); dropped in Mar 2008. Statutes adopted 5 Oct 1948; revised 4 Oct 1978; amended 2 and 5 Dec 1990; revised 22 Oct 1996 and 13 Oct 2008; last amended 13 Oct 2015. Established pursuant to Swiss Civil Code.
Influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable; develop and support cutting edge conservation science, particularly in species, ecosystems and biodiversity and the impact these have on human livelihoods.
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World Conservation Congress (every 4 years). Council, comprising President, 4 Vice Presidents (elected among members), Treasurer, Commission Chairs, 3 Regional Councillors from each Statutory Region and a Councillor from Switzerland (where IUCN has its seat). Bureau. Secretariat, headed by Director-General. Offices in over 45 countries. Scientists and experts (over 10,000) structured in 6 Commissions: Commission on Education and Communication (CEC); Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy (CEESP); World Commission on Environmental Law (WCEL); Commission on Ecosystem Management (CEM); Species Survival Commission (SSC); World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA). Also includes: IUCN Sustainable Use and Livelihoods Specialist Group (SULi). Statutory Regions (8): Africa; Meso and South America; North America and the Caribbean; South and East Asia; West Asia; Oceania; East Europe; North and Central Asia; West Europe. Members can organizes themselves into National and Regional Committees. Instrumental in setting up: K-XM3704 - International Wader Study Group (IWSG).
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UN Sustainable Development Goals **
UIA Org ID
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.
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