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Employment is a relationship between two parties regulating the provision of paid labour services. Usually based on a contract, one party, the employer, which might be a corporation, a not-for-profit organization, a co-operative, or any other entity, pays the other, the employee, in return for carrying out assigned work. Employees work in return for wages, which can be paid on the basis of an hourly rate, by piecework or an annual salary, depending on the type of work an employee does, the prevailing conditions of the sector and the bargaining power between the parties. Employees in some sectors may receive gratuities, bonus payments or stock options. In some types of employment, employees may receive benefits in addition to payment. Benefits may include health insurance, housing, disability insurance. Employment is typically governed by employment laws, organisation or legal contracts.

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Organizations relating to Employment

International Labour and Employment Relations Association / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1966
World Fair Trade Organization / Culemborg, Netherlands / Est. 1989
World Association of Public Employment Services / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1989
International Employment Relations Association / Lane Cove NSW, Australia
World Association for Supported Employment / Willemstad, Netherlands / Est. 1995
Hire Association Europe / Solihull, UK / Est. 1974
World Employment Federation Europe / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2005
European Employment Lawyers Association / Stuttgart, Germany / Est. 1998
Southern African Science Service Centre for Climate Change and Adaptive Land Management
Confederación Latinoamericana de Empleo / Bogota, Colombia
European Confederation of Inclusive Enterprises / Est. 2017
European Observatoire of Sport and Employment / Lyon, France
UNECA Staff Union / Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
International Trade Union Confederation - African Regional Organization / Lomé, Togo
Nordkalottrådet / Rovaniemi, Finland / Est. 1967
European Committee of the Regions / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1993
Union syndicale fédérale des services publics européens et internationaux / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1974
International Employment Law, Pensions and Employee Benefits Alliance / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2001
Global Applied Disability Research and Information Network on Employment and Training / Ithaca NY, USA / Est. 1997
Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing / Manchester, UK / Est. 1997
Right Livelihood Award Foundation / Enskede, Sweden / Est. 1980
The Federation of International Employers / London, UK / Est. 1988
International Methods Time-Measurement Directorate / Varese, Italy / Est. 1957
European Social Fund / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1957
European Alliance on Skills for Employability
Southern African Development Community / Gaborone, Botswana / Est. 1992
Global Island Partnership / Washington DC, USA / Est. 2005
Global Apprenticeship Network / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 2014
Land Healers Foundation / Est. 2018
Forests and Livelihoods: Assessment, Research, and Engagement / Ann Arbor MI, USA
Arab Centre for Labour Administration and Employment / Tunis, Tunisia / Est. 1993
Consortium of Christian Relief and Development Association / Addis Ababa, Ethiopia / Est. 1973
ECTI - Professionnels Seniors Bénévoles / Paris, France / Est. 1974
Overseas Development Institute / London, UK / Est. 1960
Institute for European Social Protection / Paris, France / Est. 1989
Ieder Voor Allen / Leuven, Belgium / Est. 1964
Dienst voor Internationale Samenwerking aan Ontwikkelingsprojecten / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1961
Open Africa / Cape Town, South Africa / Est. 1995
Environmental Justice Foundation / London, UK / Est. 2000
Confédération européenne pour l'emploi des handicapés / Nottingham, UK / Est. 1990
European Community / Est. 1958
Special Relief Operations Service / Est. 1973
Internationaler Bund der Opfer des Krieges und der Arbeit / Est. 1919
Inter-Agency Task Force on Employment and Sustainable Livelihoods for All / Est. 1996
Administrative Tribunal of the United Nations / Est. 1949
Fédération Européenne du Portage Salarial / Brussels, Belgium
AEGIS Europe / Brussels, Belgium
International Handicappers' Net / Phoenix OR, USA / Est. 1958
Institut européen des juristes en droit social / Levallois-Perret, France / Est. 1989
Society for the Promotion of Human Rights in Employment / Hamilton ON, Canada / Est. 1997

View all profiles (209 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Employment

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Gender stereotyping of employment
Inadequate employment grievance procedures for sexual harassment
Discrimination against women in employment
Occupational stress
Lack of job satisfaction
Dependence on social welfare
Exploitation of child labour
Elimination of jobs by automation
Unethical practices by employees
Discrimination against men in employment
Inadequate maternity protection in employment
Discrimination against women executives
Abuse of project-tied migration
Sexual harassment in the workplace
Employment of criminals in policy-making contexts
Denial of the right to work to refugees
Structural rigidities in labour markets
Redundancy trauma
Obsolete vocational skills
Underdevelopment of manufacturing industries
Exploitation of indigenous populations in employment
Denial of right to economic security during periods of unemployment
Inequality of employment opportunity
Transfer of industries to low-wage countries
Antagonism between employment policy and technical advance

Action Strategies relating to Employment

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Honouring right livelihood
Enhancing vocational training capacity
Integrating employment, development and environmental concerns
Renting services
Hiring contract staff
Preventing occupational accidents
Increasing employment through transnational corporation activity
Supporting participation of women in work force
Controlling employee absenteeism
Establishing equal opportunity for women in employment
Promoting equality of opportunity for migrant workers
Improving working conditions of salaried employees
Promoting women's economic self-reliance
Improving employment of rural women
Exchanging information on alternative livelihoods
Offering flexible employment
Increasing clerical employment
Researching women's role in the economy
Increasing employment in accounting sector
Improving job security
Increasing employment in caring professions
Studying impact of demographic factors on traditional livelihoods
Strengthening private sector's potential to create new jobs
Expanding labour market information systems on environmental job and training opportunities

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