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Employment is a relationship between two parties regulating the provision of paid labour services. Usually based on a contract, one party, the employer, which might be a corporation, a not-for-profit organization, a co-operative, or any other entity, pays the other, the employee, in return for carrying out assigned work. Employees work in return for wages, which can be paid on the basis of an hourly rate, by piecework or an annual salary, depending on the type of work an employee does, the prevailing conditions of the sector and the bargaining power between the parties. Employees in some sectors may receive gratuities, bonus payments or stock options. In some types of employment, employees may receive benefits in addition to payment. Benefits may include health insurance, housing, disability insurance. Employment is typically governed by employment laws, organisation or legal contracts.

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Organizations relating to Employment

World Association of Public Employment Services / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1989
Hire Association Europe / Solihull, UK / Est. 1974
Southern African Science Service Centre for Climate Change and Adaptive Land Management
Confederación Latinoamericana de Empleo / Bogota, Colombia
European Confederation of Inclusive Enterprises / Est. 2017
European Observatoire of Sport and Employment / Lyon, France
European Committee of the Regions / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1993
International Employment Law, Pensions and Employee Benefits Alliance / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2001
International Methods Time-Measurement Directorate / Varese, Italy / Est. 1957
Land Healers Foundation / Est. 2018
Forests and Livelihoods: Assessment, Research, and Engagement / Ann Arbor MI, USA
Arab Centre for Labour Administration and Employment / Tunis, Tunisia / Est. 1993
Consortium of Christian Relief and Development Association / Addis Ababa, Ethiopia / Est. 1973
ECTI - Professionnels Seniors Bénévoles / Paris, France / Est. 1974
Institute for European Social Protection / Paris, France / Est. 1989
Ieder Voor Allen / Leuven, Belgium / Est. 1964
Dienst voor Internationale Samenwerking aan Ontwikkelingsprojecten / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1961
Confédération européenne pour l'emploi des handicapés / Nottingham, UK / Est. 1990
European Community / Est. 1958
Special Relief Operations Service / Est. 1973
Internationaler Bund der Opfer des Krieges und der Arbeit / Est. 1919
Inter-Agency Task Force on Employment and Sustainable Livelihoods for All / Est. 1996
Administrative Tribunal of the United Nations / Est. 1949
Fédération Européenne du Portage Salarial / Brussels, Belgium
AEGIS Europe / Brussels, Belgium
International Handicappers' Net / Phoenix OR, USA / Est. 1958
Institut européen des juristes en droit social / Levallois-Perret, France / Est. 1989
Society for the Promotion of Human Rights in Employment / Hamilton ON, Canada / Est. 1997
Institute for Labour and Family Research / Bratislava, Slovakia / Est. 1992
European Work and Employment Research Centre / Manchester, UK / Est. 1994
Commonwealth Ministers of Employment / Labour Meeting / London, UK
Convention Concerning the Age for Admission of Children to Non-industrial Employment, 1932 / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1932
Convention Concerning Benefits in the Case of Employment Injury / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1964
Convention Concerning Fee-charging Employment Agencies, 1949 / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1949
Convention Concerning the Minimum Age for Admission to Employment Underground in Mines / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1965
Convention Concerning Medical Examination of Young Persons for Fitness for Employment Underground in Mines / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1965
Convention Concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1973
Convention Concerning the Minimum Age for Admission to Employment as Fishermen / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1959
Convention Concerning Employment Policy / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1964
Agreement Regarding Rules for Recognition of Contribution Periods and Periods of Employment in the Case of Persons Covered by Unemployment Insurance Who Remove from One Country to Another / Est. 1959
Convention Concerning the Abolition of Penal Sanctions for Breaches of Contract of Employment by Indigenous Workers / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1955
Convention Concerning the Age for Admission of Children to Non-industrial Employment, 1937 / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1937
Convention Concerning Migration for Employment / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1949
Convention Concerning Medical Examination of Children and Young Persons for Fitness for Employment in Non-industrial Occupations / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1946
Convention Concerning the Maximum Length of Contracts of Employment of Indigenous Workers / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1947
Convention Concerning Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1983
Convention Concerning Employment and Conditions of Work and Life of Nursing Personnel / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1977
Convention Concerning Employment of Women During the Night, 1919 / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1919
Convention Concerning the Employment of Women before and After Childbirth / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1919
Convention for Establishing Facilities for Finding Employment for Seamen / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1920

View all profiles (210 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Employment

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Occupational stress
Exploitation of child labour
Elimination of jobs by automation
Dependence on social welfare
Discrimination against women in employment
Transfer of industries to low-wage countries
Work-related injury
Redundancy of workers
Structural rigidities in labour markets
Age discrimination in employment
Unethical practices by employees
Limited availability of permanent employment in inner-cities
Inadequate maternity protection in employment
Inequality of employment opportunity
Increasing job monotony
Rural unemployment
Obsolete vocational skills
Exploitation of indigenous populations in employment
Evasion of work
Discrimination against men in employment
Disparity between workers skills and job requirements
Restricted scope of local employment
Clandestine employment
Discrimination against women executives
Enticing attractions of urban employment

Action Strategies relating to Employment

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Preventing occupational accidents
Promoting equality of opportunity for migrant workers
Expanding productive employment
Enabling poor to achieve sustainable livelihood
Creating new job possibilities
Honouring right livelihood
Promoting sustainable livelihood
Monitoring employment
Increasing international labour mobility
Providing fair employment practices
Providing employment
Generating employment
Facilitating transnational employment
Supporting participation of women in work force
Employing the disabled
Promoting employment
Training for jobs
Researching relationship between employment and social life
Reducing unemployment
Moving long-term welfare recipients into jobs
Developing handicap training
Controlling employee absenteeism
Abstaining from employment
Demanding employment structures
Moving jobs

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