Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB)

Programme sur l'Homme et la biosphère
Programa sobre el Hombre y la Biósfera

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Nov 1971, Paris (France), within the framework of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), following approval of the draft programme, 1970, by 16th Session of UNESCO General Conference, and arising from International Biological Programme (IBP), 1964-1974.


Within the natural and social sciences, develop a basis for sustainable use and conservation of biological diversity and for improvement of the global relationship between people and their environment; encourage interdisciplinary research, demonstration and training in natural resource management; by this means, contribute to a better understanding of the environment, including global change, and to greater involvement science and scientists in policy development concerning wise use of biological diversity; set up an international network of sites (biosphere reserves) for research, monitoring, training and information exchange; associate environmental protection with sustainable land use development.

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Develops the basis within the natural and social sciences for the rational and sustainable use and conservation of the resources of the biosphere and for the improvement of the overall relationship between people and their environment. Regional networks: Assists in implementing: Global Action Plan for Environment and Development in the 21st Century (Agenda 21); environmental goals of New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD); Convention on Biological Diversity (Biodiversity convention); Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Convention on Wetlands); Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). In particular, cooperates in conservation of the natural heritage in biosphere reserves and sites inscribed on the World Heritage List under Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (World Heritage Convention). Instrumental in setting up: World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR).

Regional networks:

 • South and Central Asia MAB Network (SACAM);

 • AfriMAB Network;

 • ArabMAB Network;

 • Southeast Asian Biosphere Reserve Network (SeaBRnet);

 • East Asian Biosphere Reserve Network (EABRN);

 • EuroMAB;

 • Ibero-American Network of Biosphere Reserves and MAB Committees (IberoMAB);


Ecosystem-specific networks: Mountains; World Network of Island and Coastal Biosphere Reserves; Tropical forests; Drylands; Urban areas; Savannahs; gro-ecosystems.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 22 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 24 non-governmental organizations.
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Information Services

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Members in 149 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Mankind
    • Mankind
  • Geography
    • Ecology
  • Culture
    • UNESCO Bodies

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 4: Quality EducationGOAL 5: Gender EqualityGOAL 15: Life on Land



Last News Received

1. Jun 2018
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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