Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)

Conseil de coopération du Golfe (CCG)

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1981-05-25 Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates


25 May 1981, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates), on signature of Charter. Also referred to as Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (CCASG) -- Conseil de coopération des Etats arabes du Golfe and as Arab Gulf Cooperation Council (AGCC) -- Conseil de coopération du Golfe arabe. Summit meeting 1981, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia), agreed to make the region an economic common market. Economic charter adopted, Nov 1981, whereby, from 1 Dec 1981, member states would open their frontiers to goods produced within the region. First stage of 'Unified Economic Agreement' commenced implementation 1 Mar 1983, following decision, Nov 1982, Bahrain, at 3rd session of Supreme Council. This agreement has since been replaced by the 'Economic Agreement', signed 31 Dec 2001. Supreme Council decision to launch Gulf Common Market, 1 Jan 2008. Statutes registered in 'UNTS 1/21244'.


Effect coordination, integration and interconnection between member states in all fields in order to achieve unity among them; deepen and strengthen relations, links and areas of cooperation now prevailing among their peoples in various fields; formulate similar regulations in various fields, including economic and financial affairs, commerce, customs and communications, education and culture, social and health affairs, information and tourism and legislation and administrative affairs; stimulate scientific and technological progress in the fields of industry, mining, agriculture, water and animal resources; establish scientific research and joint ventures and encourage cooperation by the private sector for the good of their people.


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Supreme Council, composed of heads of Member States, with rotating presidency (meets annually). Commissions (2): Consultative; Dispute Settlement. Ministerial Council, comprising Foreign Ministers or other ministers deputizing for them. Secretariat General, comprising Secretary-General,10 Assistant Secretaries-General and Directors-General of the functional divisions. Main organizations: 'Supreme Council', formed of heads of member states, is highest authority, meeting in 2 ordinary and consultative sessions a year. Presidency rotates, based on alphabetical order of names of member states. Attached to Supreme Council: (1) Commission for the Settlement of Disputes, Supreme Council establishing composition on ad-hoc basis in accordance with nature of the dispute; (2) Consultative Commission of 30 members (5 from each GCC member state); (3) Ministerial Council (meets every 3 months), formed of the Foreign Ministers of member states or other delegated ministers; (4) Secretariat General, comprising Secretary-General, Assistant Secretaries-General and staff as required, consists of the following sectors: Political Affairs; Military Affairs; Economic Affairs; Human and Environment Affairs; Legal Affairs; Finance and Administration Affairs; Information Centre; Information Department; Technical Telecommunication Bureau in Bahrain; GCC Delegation in Brussels (Belgium). E-XM8475 - Patent Office of Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC Patent Office). National Authority for the Control of Toxic Chemicals, established in each member state.


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UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal



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** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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