European Parliament (EP)

Parlement européen (PE)
Parlamento Europeo (PE)
Europäisches Parlament (EP)
Parlamento Europeu (PE)
Parlamento Europeo (PE)
Europees Parlement (EP)
Europaparlamentet (EP)
Europa-Parlamentet (EP)
Euroopan Parlamentti
Evropaiko Kinovulio (EK)
Parlaimint na hEorpa
Evropsky Parlament
Európsky Parlament
Európai Parlament
Parlament Europejski
Evropski Parlament
Eruoopa Parlament
Eiropas Parlaments
Europos Parlamentas
Parlament Ewropew
Europski Parlament
Parlamentul European

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Established 19-21 Mar 1958, Strasbourg (France), at 1st meeting, as European Parliamentary Assembly -- Assemblée parlementaire européenne, replacing and extending the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community -- Assemblée commune de la Communauté européenne du charbon et de l'acier, which had held its first session 10 Sep 1952, Strasbourg. Present name adopted 1962.

Treaty Establishing the European Economic Community (Treaty of Rome) and Treaty Establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (Treaty of Rome) stipulated that the European Parliament would eventually be elected by direct universal suffrage. The draft 'Convention on Direct Elections', which was prepared by Parliament in 1960, was never adopted by the Council but Heads of Government agreed in principle to direct elections in Dec 1974, Rome (Italy), and in Jan 1975 the European Council confirmed that first direct elections would take place in 1978 (later postponed until 1979). In July 1976, Council decided on the number and allocation of seats in the elected Parliament and on 20 Sep 1976, Council approved and signed the 'Act concerning the election of the representatives of the Assembly by direct universal suffrage' which entered into force 1 July 1978, after ratification by all member states. On 7 and 10 June 1979 the citizens of the Community elected their representatives to the European Parliament for the first time; prior to this date, members were appointed by national parliaments from among their own members. The new Parliament met on 17 July 1979 in Strasbourg. Elections held in Greece, Oct 1981. Direct elections held in all member countries, 14-17 June 1984, and every 5 years since.

The Single European Act (SEA) made the name European Parliament official. Until 2009, Parliament was an institution of European Communities (EC). Since Treaty of Lisbon came into force, 2009, the Parliament is an institution of European Union (EU). The EP adopted a draft treaty on the European Union, 14 Feb 1984. The Union itself came to fruition under the Treaty on European Union (Maastricht Treaty), signed 7 Feb 1992 and into force 1 Nov 1993. The Maastricht Treaty introduced the co-decision procedure giving Parliament an equal say with the Council of the European Union in some areas of legislation and gave Parliament the power to approve the European Commission (EC) as a whole. The Treaty of Amsterdam, 1 May 1999, simplified and broadened the application of the co-decision law-making procedure and gave Parliament the right to approve the Commission president. With active involvement of MEPS, the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union was proclaimed, 7 Dec 2000. Parliament played an active role in the Convention on the Future of Europe, which produced a draft Constitution for Europe, Europe 2003. The Nice Treaty of Feb 2003 further reformed EU institutions and extended application of co-decision. The Lisbon Treaty completed reform of the EU, made Charter of Fundamental Rights binding and put Parliament on an equal decision-making footing with EU governments in most legal areas through Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).


Serve as a forum for political debate and decision-making at the EU level; promote democratic decision-making in Europe; support the fight for democracy, freedom of speech and fair elections in Europe and worldwide; act as a co-legislator, sharing with the Council the power to adopt and amend legislative proposals, and decide on the EU budget; supervise the work of the Commission and other EU bodies; cooperate with national parliaments of EU countries to get their input.

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'Legislative powers': Ordinary legislative procedure gives the same weight to the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union on a wide range of areas. The vast majority of European laws are adopted jointly by the Parliament and the Council. 'Budgetary powers': Following the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, Parliament now shares the power to decide on the entire annual budget of the EU with the Council and it has the final say. Decisions about annual expenditure and revenue must fall within the annual spending limits laid down in the EU's long-term financial plan, the Multiannual Financial Framework, negotiated once every seven years. Once the EU budget is adopted, the European Commission is responsible for its implementation (other institutions are in charge of their own administrative budgets). As a directly-elected institution representing EU taxpayers, Parliament exercises democratic oversight to make sure that the Commission and the other institutions deal properly with European funds. 'Supervisory powers': Parliament has a range of supervisory and control powers allowing it to exercise oversight over other institutions, to monitor the proper use of the EU budget and to ensure the correct implementation of EU law. Any EU citizen, resident, company or organization can submit a petition to Parliament about EU law.


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EU languages.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 52 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 4 non-governmental organizations.
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Members in 27 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Resources
    • Coal
  • Society
    • Communities
  • Industry
    • Iron, Steel
  • Government
    • Parliament
  • Law
    • Law
  • Idealism
    • Idealism

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and CommunitiesGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions



Last News Received

1. Jun 2016
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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