Nordic Council (NC)

Conseil nordique
Consejo Nórdico
Nordiska Rådet (NR)
Nordisk Råd (NR)
Pohjoismaiden Neuvosto (PN)

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Established 1952, by Statute drawn up by governments of Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. Finland adhered in 1955. Since 1970 the autonomous territories of the Faeroes and the Åland Islands have their own representatives on the Council and, since 1984, Greenland is also represented. The Council is sometimes referred to in English as Nordic Council of Parliamentarians (NCP). It was based in Stockholm (Sweden) until Aug 1996, when it moved to Copenhagen (Denmark), where it is housed with the Secretariat of Nordic Council of Ministers (NCM).

Legal Status: Treaty of Cooperation between Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden (Helsinki Treaty), also referred to as 'Treaty of Nordic Cooperation', was signed 23 Mar 1962, Helsinki (Finland), entered into force 1 July 1962 and revised: 13 Feb 1971; 11 Mar 1974; 15 June 1983; 6 May 1985; 21 Aug 1991; 18 Mar 1993. Working procedure came into force 1 July 1971, most recent amendments: 27 Feb 1990; 28 Feb 1991; 3 Mar 1992; 7 Nov 1993. Joint Declaration on Nordic Cooperation, June 1994, Corfu (Greece), indicated that Nordic countries newly members of the European Union intend to continue, in full compliance with Community law and other provisions of the Treaty on European Union (Maastricht Treaty), Nordic Cooperation among themselves as well as with other countries and territories.

Prior to the setting up of the Council, Nordic Union or cooperation can be dated from 1397, Kalmar (Sweden), on setting up of Kalmar Union when Erik of Pomerania was crowned King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The Kalmar Union ceased to exist in 1523, but historical cooperation continued: Sweden and Norway were united from 1815 to 1905; Nordic Postal Union (NPU) was set up in 1869, by a trilateral postal agreement between Denmark, Norway and Sweden and subsequently extended to include Finland and Iceland; Scandinavian Coin Union, a currency union between Denmark, Norway and Sweden, existed from 1873 until 1914; Scandinavian Interparliamentary Union was set up in 1908, with the help of Fredrik Bajer; Nordic inter-ministerial meetings were held between the World Wars (1918 to 1939).


Instigate, monitor and accelerate the pace of Nordic international cooperation, rooted in the local community and based on values shared by the countries and autonomous areas forming the Nordic region; act as cooperative body of legislatures and governments of member countries in matters involving joint action and discussion of questions of common interest.

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Events/meetings; politics/policy/regulatory; awards/prizes/competitions.

Management of treaties and agreements:

 • Nordic Language Convention; Agreement Concerning a Common Nordic Labour Market; Convention Concerning the Working Environment; Nordic Convention on Social Assistance and Social Services; Agreement concerning co-operation between authorities and institutions in the field of vocational rehabilitation and training for the labour market; Nordiske Aegteskabskonvention; Konvention om inddrivelse af underholdsbidrag; Nordic public health preparedness agreement; Nordisk Konvention om social sikring; Nordic Agreement on Co-operation on Upper Secondary School Education; Agreement concluded by Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden on Admission to Higher Education; Convention for the avoidance of double taxation with respect to taxes on inheritances and gifts; Agreement Concerning Cultural Cooperation; Nordic Passport Convention; Protocol Concerning the Exemption of Nationals of the Nordic Countries from the Obligation to Have a Passport or Residence Permit While Resident in a Nordic Country other than their Own; Agreement Between Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden on the Implementation of Certain Provisions Concerning Nationality; Agreement between Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Sweden concerning cooperation in matters of competition.


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Danish, Finnish, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 10 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 7 non-governmental organizations.
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Members in 8 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Government
    • Intergovernmental Communities
  • Solidarity
    • Cooperation

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal



Last News Received

12. Dec 2019
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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