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Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock, formed as rock strata called coal seams. Coal is mostly carbon with variable amounts of other elements, chiefly hydrogen, sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen. Coal is a type of fossil fuel, formed when dead plant matter decays into peat which is converted into coal by the heat and pressure of deep burial over millions of years. Vast deposits of coal originate in former wetlands called coal forests that covered much of the Earth's tropical land areas during the late Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian) and Permian times.

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Organizations relating to Coal

World Coal Association / London, UK / Est. 1985
ASEAN Forum on Coal / Jakarta, Indonesia / Est. 2000
European Parliament / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1958
Bureau européen d'informations charbonnières / Est. 1962
European Coal and Steel Community / Est. 1952
Scandinavian Coal Importers Federation / Helsinki, Finland / Est. 1923
Association for Coal in Europe
International Committee for Coal Research / Artarmon NSW, Australia / Est. 1973
European Coal Organization / Est. 1945
Agreement on Products within the Province of the European Coal and Steel Community
Convention Limiting Hours of Work in Coal Mines, 1935 / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1935
Convention Limiting Hours of Work in Coal Mines, 1931 / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1931
Treaty Establishing the European Coal and Steel Community / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1951
Energy Technology for Our Environment / Est. 1990
International Group on the Domestic Use of Solid Fuel
RECHAR II / Est. 1989
Consultative Committee of the European Coal and Steel Community / Est. 1952
ECSC Group of Wholesale Coal Merchants
CMEA Coordinating Centre for New Methods of the Use of Coal / Est. 1972
Haldex / Katowice, Poland / Est. 1959
Association of Europe's Coalfield Regions / Lievin, France / Est. 1989
American Coal Ash Association / Farmington Hills MI, USA / Est. 1968
European Importers and Suppliers of Coal
European Petrochemical Luncheon International Association / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1981
European Association for Coal and Lignite / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1953
International Committee for Coal and Organic Petrology / Oviedo, Spain / Est. 1953
Powering Past Coal Alliance / London, UK
International Coal Testing Conference
Baltic Peat Producers’ Forum / Est. 2001
International Centre for Sustainable Carbon / Gloucester, UK / Est. 1975

View all profiles (37 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

Action Strategies relating to Coal

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Harnessing solid fuels
Developing clean coal technology
Educating public health impact of domestic use of biomass and coal
Using peat as energy source
Developing coal and coke industry
Using coal
Reducing methane emissions from wetlands
Studying peat
Improving empolderment of peat land

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