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In modern politics, and history, a parliament is a legislative body of government. Generally, a modern parliament has three functions: representing the electorate, making laws, and overseeing the government via hearings and inquiries. The term is similar to the idea of a senate, synod or congress and is commonly used in countries that are current or former monarchies. Some contexts restrict the use of the word parliament to parliamentary systems, although it is also used to describe the legislature in some presidential systems, even where it is not in the official name.

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Organizations relating to Parliament

Unión de Parlamentarios Sudamericanos y del MERCOSUR / Buenos Aires, Argentina / Est. 1999
Association of SAARC Speakers and Parliamentarians / Kathmandu, Nepal / Est. 1992
ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Assembly / Jakarta, Indonesia / Est. 1977
EEA Joint Parliamentary Committee / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1992
European Parliament Former Members Association / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2001
Committee of Members of Parliament of EFTA Countries / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1977
Conférence des Organes Parlementaires Spécialisés dans les Affaires de l'Union des Parlements de l'Union Européenne / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1989
Benelux Inter-Parliamentary Consultative Council / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1955
Parlamento del MERCOSUR / Montevideo, Uruguay
Assemblée Régionale et Locale Euro-Méditerranéenne / Brussels, Belgium
Great Lakes Parliamentary Forum on Peace / Est. 1998
Inter-American Parliamentary Group on Population and Development / Est. 1982
SADC Parliamentary Forum / Windhoek, Namibia / Est. 1993
Amazonian Parliament / Caracas, Venezuela / Est. 1989
Parliament of the Economic Community of West African States / Abuja, Nigeria / Est. 1990
Asia Pacific Parliamentary Forum / Est. 1993
European Parliamentarians and Industrialists Council / Est. 1983
Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1954
Parlamento de MERCOSUR / Montevideo, Uruguay / Est. 2007
Contadora Parliament / Est. 1986
Pacific Parliamentary Assembly on Population and Development / Est. 1997
Forum of African Parliamentarians for Education / Dakar, Senegal / Est. 2001
Interparliamentary Assembly of Member Nations of the Commonwealth of Independent States / St Petersburg, Russia / Est. 1992
European Parliament / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1958
Parlamento Centroamericano / Guatemala, Guatemala / Est. 1989
European Parliament Platform for Secularism in Politics / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2004
Red de Intercambio de los Parlamentos de América Latina y El Caribe / Brasilia, Brazil / Est. 2011
Parliamentary Assembly of Turkic Speaking Countries / Baku, Azerbaijan / Est. 2008
SADC Parliamentary Leadership Centre / Windhoek, Namibia
Union mondiale des associations d'anciens parlementaires francophones / Est. 2003
Africa Parliamentary Knowledge Network / Nairobi, Kenya
International Parliamentarians' Association for Information Technology
European Parliamentary Union / Est. 1947
Balkan Consultative Assembly / Est. 1955
World Parliament Association / Est. 1951
Comisión Interparlamentaria Centroamericana / Est. 1979
Assembly of Caribbean Community Parliamentarians / Georgetown, Guyana / Est. 1994
Parliamentarians' Alliance for Peace in Asia / Est. 2005
United Nations Parliamentary Assembly
East African Legislative Assembly / Arusha, Tanzania UR
International Movement of Parliamentarians for Democracy / Washington DC, USA / Est. 2003
Conferencia de Presidentes de Parlamentos Iberoamericanos
Parliamentary Conference on Cooperation in the Baltic Sea Area
Sommets des parlements d'Europe / Est. 1975
Parliamentary Human Rights Foundation
Movimiento de Parlamentarios Demócrata-Cristianos de América / Caracas, Venezuela
Parlement centroaméricain
Comité parlementaire pour l'Assemblée constituante européenne
Campaign for a World Constituent Assembly / Est. 1962
Commission parlementaire internationale

View all profiles (249 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Parliament

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

National political disintegration
Unequal parliamentary constituencies
Discrimination against women in politics
Misleading of elected representatives by government officials

Action Strategies relating to Parliament

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Promoting political participation of women
Strengthening contacts among parliaments
Developing historic cohesion of government
Ensuring competent parliaments
Presenting proposal for collective examination
Enabling constituent recourse on parliamentary deliberations
Dialoguing among parliaments
Providing sufficient parliamentary time to approve urgent legislation
Articulating representative decision
Preserving parliamentary immunity
Using parliamentary privilege
Removing parliamentary immunity
Engaging in controlled debate of proposal in constituent assembly
Preserving inequality of parliamentary constituencies
Reducing inequality of parliamentary constituencies
Setting standards for conduct in parliament
Giving parliamentary privilege
Affirming parliamentary procedures
Strengthening multi-party parliamentary systems
Abusing politicians
Limiting time to approve urgent legislation
Amending proposal following examination by constituent assembly
Providing parliamentary aid to new and developing nations
Linking parliamentarians
Studying parliamentary law

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