European Council

Conseil européen
Consejo Europeo
Europäischer Rat
Conselho Europeu
Consiglio Europeo
Europese Raad
Europaeiske Rådet
Europaeiske Råd
Eurooppa-neuvosto
Evropaiko Simvulio
Chomhairle Eorpach
Evropska Rada
Európska Rada
Európai Tanacs
Rada Europesjka
Evropski Svet
Euroopa Ülemkogu
Eiropadome
Europos Vadovu Taryba
Kunsill Ewropew
Europsko Vijece
Consiliul European

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Contact Details

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History

Dec 1974, Paris (France), by Heads of State or Government of the then 10 members of the European Communities (EC), institutionalizing a previously informal series of meetings and functioning as the European Summit of Council of the European Union. Further institutionalized by the Single European Act (SEA), signed Feb 1986, ratified by member parliaments by 31 Mar 1987, which came into force 1 July 1987. Article D of Treaty on European Union (Maastricht Treaty), signed 7 Feb 1992, gives the European Council the role of providing impetus for development of the European Union (EU) and defining its general political guidelines, and of producing an annual report on the Union's progress. Although it had not been an official institution of the European Communities, the Council became one of the institutions of the European Union when the EU came into operation. The Treaty of Amsterdam, signed 2 Oct 1997 following agreement among the Heads of State and Government 16-17 June 1997, Amsterdam (Netherlands), at a meeting of the Council, gave a legal personality to the European Union, allowing it to negotiate as one entity. The Amsterdam treaty includes a revised section on common foreign and security policy which provides for the European Council to decide on common strategies to be implemented by the EU in areas where member states share important interests. Laeken Declaration, signed at a meeting of the Council, 15 Dec 2001, Brussels (Belgium), and the associated Convention on the Future of Europe, anticipated the creation of an 'Area of Freedom, Security and Justice'. The Convention completed its work 10 July 2003. Following changes introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon, the European Council became one of the EU's main institutions and under article 68 of Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), became responsible for defining strategic guidelines for the area of freedom, security and justice.

Aims

Determine the EU's general political direction and priorities - essentially setting the policy agenda for the EU.

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Activities

Decides on the EU's overall direction and political priorities, but not does pas laws, but conclusions instead; deals with complex or sensitive issues that cannot be resolved at lower levels of intergovernmental cooperation; sets the EU's common foreign and security policy, taking into account EU strategic interests and defence implications; nominates and appoints candidates to certain high profile EU level roles, such as European Central Bank (ECB) and European Commission (EC). Has a formal role in the EU's annual European semester process - a cycle of economic and fiscal policy coordination.

Structure

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Languages

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Staff

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Financing

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 4 inter-governmental organizations.
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Members

Members in 28 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Law
    • Agreements

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions

UIA Org ID

E7976

Last News Received

10. Oct 2016
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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