European Court of Auditors

Cour des comptes européenne
Tribunal de Cuentas Europeo
Europäischer Rechnungshof
Tribunal de Contas Europeu
Corte dei conti europea
Europese Rekenkamer
Europeiska revisionsrätten
Den Europaeiske revisionsret
Euroopan Tilintarkastustuomioistuin
Evropsky Ucetni Dvur
Európsky dvor Auditorov
Európai Szamvevoszék
Europejski Trybunal Obrachunkowy
Evropsko Racunsko Sodisce
Euroopa Kontrollikoda
Eiropas Revizijas Palata
Europos Audito Rumai
Il-Qorti Ewropea Ta' l-Awdituri
Europski Reviszorski Sud
Cúirt Iniúchóiri na Heorpa
Curtea de Conuri Europeana

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Contact Details

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History

Established 22 July 1975, as Court of Auditors of the European Communities -- Cour des comptes des Communautés européennes -- Rechnungshof der Europäischen Gemeinschaften -- Corte dei Conti delle Comunità Europee -- Rekenkamer van de Europese Gemeenschappen, by the Treaty of Brussels. Became operational in Oct 1977. Originally within the framework of the European Communities (EC), the status of the Court was enhanced to institution (1 Nov 1993) of European Union (EU) under the Treaty on European Union (Maastricht Treaty), signed 7 Feb 1992, which set out the terms of the EU, since which time the Court has been referred to under its present title. The Court is thus one of 5 institutions of the European Union and a common institution to: European Community (previously 'European Economic Community - EEC'); European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom); and European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). (Note that the ECSC ceased to exist in July 2002, following expiration of the Paris Treaty; the European Community became responsible for the steel sector). Prior to 1975 the Court's functions were carried out by 2 separate bodies: EEC and Euratom Audit Board (Commission de contrôle) and ECSC Auditor General (Commissaire aux comptes). The Court's role was confirmed and strengthened on 1 May 1999 with the entry into force of the Treaty of Amsterdam, which empowered the Court to carry out sound financial management audits, emphasized its role in the fight against fraud and allowed it to have recourse to the Court of Justice in order to protect its prerogatives with regard to the other EU institutions. The Nice Treaty of 1 Feb 2003 confirmed the principle that there should be one member from each Member State, which allowed the Court the option of being organized in chambers and highlighted the importance of the Court's cooperation with national audit bodies. The Treaty of Lisbon again affirmed mandate and status as EU institution.

Aims

Contribute to improving EU financial management; promote accountability and transparency; act as the independent guardian of the financial interests of the citizens of the Union; check if EU budget has been implemented correctly and that EU funds have been raised and spent legally and in accordance with the principles of sound financial management.

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Activities

Acts as external auditor of European Union finances.

Structure

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Languages

EU languages.

Staff

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Financing

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 36 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 10 non-governmental organizations.
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Publications

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Members

Members in 28 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Commerce
    • Finance
    • Accounting
  • Law
    • Tribunals, Courts

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions

UIA Org ID

F8309

Last News Received

18. Sep 2018
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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