European Police Office (Europol)

Office central européen de police criminelle

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3 Jan 1994, commenced limited operations fighting against drugs with first unit Europol Drugs Unit (EDU) following work of Europol project development team, Sep 1992-Dec 1993 and covered under the interior policy protocol to Treaty on European Union (Maastricht Treaty), signed 7 Feb 1992, Maastricht (Netherlands), in the progress towards the European Union (EU). Legal basis: Ministerial Agreement signed by the ministers of Trevi Group, 2 June 1993, Copenhagen (Denmark), and entered into force 30 Oct 1993, following decision of European Council on the location of Europol. Europol Convention, signed 26 July 1995, ratified by all member states in June 1998 and entered into force on 1 Oct 1998, extended the mandate (20 Mar 1995 and further extended 16 Dec 1996) to deal with all serious forms of international crime as listed in the Annex to the Europol Convention. Commenced full activities 1 July 1999. Legal status: until end 2009 - Europol Convention; from Jan 2010 - EU Council decision, it a EU decentralized agency.


Act as a support centre for law enforcement operations, a hub for criminal information, and a centre for law enforcement expertise; support and strengthen action by the competent authorities of Member States and their mutual cooperation in preventing and combating organized crime, terrorism and other forms of serious crime affecting 2 or more Member States.

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Competence covers organized crime, terrorism and other forms of serious crime affecting 2 or more Member States. In particular supports law enforcement activities of Member States against: illicit drug trafficking; illicit immigration networks; terrorism; illicit vehicle trafficking; trafficking in human being including child sexual abuse material; forgery of money (counterfeiting of the euro) and other means of payment; money-laundering. Additional priorities: crimes against persons; financial crime; cybercrime. Provides support to Member States by: information exchange; analysis; strategic reports; expertise and technical support for investigations and operations carried out with the EU. Organizes conferences and training. Functions as a non-operational unit (without executive authority) in support of law enforcement authorities within and between EU Member States. 'Europol National Units (ENUs)' are the interface between Europol and the National Units. Europol Drugs Unit (EDU), set up 3 Jan 1994, The Hague (Netherlands), was the first unit of Europol to become operational.


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Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Irish, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovakian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 22 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 1 non-governmental organizations.
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Information Services

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Members in 28 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Societal Problems
    • Crime
  • Defence
    • Espionage, Subversion
    • Police
  • Law
    • Law

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions



Last News Received

20. Jul 2018
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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