European Police Office (Europol)

Office central européen de police criminelle

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Commenced limited operations fighting against drugs with first unit Europol Drugs Unit (EDU) following work of Europol project development team, Sep 1992-Dec 1993 and covered under the interior policy protocol to T-XT9113 - Treaty on European Union (Maastricht Treaty), signed 7 Feb 1992, Maastricht (Netherlands), in the progress towards the F-XF2147 - European Union (EU). Legal basis: Ministerial Agreement signed by the ministers of H-XF2023 - Trevi Group, 2 Jun 1993, Copenhagen (Denmark), and entered into force 30 Oct 1993, following decision of E-XE7976 - European Council on the location of Europol. Europol Convention, signed 26 Jul 1995, ratified by all member states in Jun 1998 and entered into force on 1 Oct 1998, extended the mandate (20 Mar 1995 and further extended 16 Dec 1996) to deal with all serious forms of international crime as listed in the Annex to the Europol Convention. Commenced full activities 1 Jul 1999. Legal status: until end 2009 - Europol Convention; from Jan 2010 - EU Council decision, it a EU decentralized agency.


Act as a support centre for law enforcement operations, a hub for criminal information, and a centre for law enforcement expertise; support and strengthen action by the competent authorities of Member States and their mutual cooperation in preventing and combating organized crime, terrorism and other forms of serious crime affecting 2 or more Member States.


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Management Board, composed of one representative from each Member State and one representative from E-XE2442 - European Commission (EC). Director and Deputy Directors, appointed by E-XE3068 - Council of the European Union. Data Protection Officer, appointed by Management Board. Departments (3): Governance; Operations; Capabilities. Includes: European Cybercrime Centre (EC3); E-XM4388 - European Counter Terrorism Centre (ectc).


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Annual Budget

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

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UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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