United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

Office des Nations Unies contre la drogue et le crime (ONUDC)
Oficina de las Naciones Unidas contra la Droga y el Delito (ONUDD)

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1 Nov 1997, Vienna (Austria), on merger of United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP) and United Nations Centre for International Crime Prevention, Vienna (CICP), as United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention, Vienna (ODCCP), within the framework of United Nations (UN). Also referred to as Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention. Current name adopted 1 Oct 2002. Based at United Nations Office at Vienna (UNOV) - Vienna International Centre (VIC).


Work to achieve health, security and justice for all by tackling global threats produced by illicit drugs and transnational organized crime, and by delivering legal and technical assistance to prevent terrorism.

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With an aim to reduce incentives for illicit activities, and address drug abuse, the spread of HIV/AIDS and drug-related crime: carries out research and analysis to produce authoritative reports and crop surveys; provides technical assistance to States in ratifying and implementing international treaties on drugs, crime and terrorism; develops domestic legislation consistent with these treaties; trains judicial officials; works towards prevention, treatment and reintegration, and creating sustainable alternative livelihoods for drug-crop farmers. Works at national, regional and international levels through a network of 54 field and project offices worldwide, as well as liaison offices in New York NY (USA) and Brussels (Belgium).

Ongoing activities:

- 'Global Assessment Programme' - supplies statistics on illicit drug consumption worldwide. Programmes to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS include drug abuse prevention, treatment and rehabilitation. They involve grass roots organizations and businesses as well as governments and provide opportunities for treatment and social reintegration to injecting drug users. Global Youth Network increases youth involvement with the international community in developing drug abuse prevention policies and programmes.

- 'Legal Advisory Programme' - provides legal assistance in establishing legal and institutional frameworks for drug control and in implementing international drug conventions.

- 'Money Laundering' - including activities undertaken under GPML and IMoLIN. United Nations Offshore Forum, launched Nov 1999, is establishing minimum performance standards for prevention of money laundering in the offshore financial services sector; dialogue with concerned states aims to achieve meaningful progress in respect of proceeds of crime.

- 'Corruption' - cooperates and coordinates with other entities of the UN system and relevant organizations and provides advisory services and technical assistance to member states on request; worked on United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC). Global Programme Against Corruption assists countries to assess the problem and to make public sector activity more transparent. Runs international awareness-raising campaign on corruption.

- 'Transnational Organized Crime' - United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and its optional protocols Protocol Against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air and Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children adopted 15 Nov 2000, Palermo (Italy); Protocol Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition adopted 31 May 2001, New York; assists in implementing the 'Vienna (Austria) Declaration on Crime and Justice' issued at 10th United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, 10-17 Apr 2000, Vienna, which calls for closer coordination and cooperation among states in combating the world crime problem and for incorporation of crime prevention components into national and international strategies. Global Programme Against Transnational Organized Crime supports member states in their efforts to ratify the Convention and its protocols; it includes: United Nations Transnational Organized Assessment Survey (UNTOAS) - collecting standardized data through a network of experts based in the Caribbean and 12 countries outside that region; joint project with UNICRI analysing organized crime in 5 countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

- 'Smuggling of Migrants and the Trafficking in Persons' - through the protocol against the smuggling of migrants, seeks to criminalize the offenders and not the smuggled migrants, to protect the rights of the latter and to provide for safe return to their country of origin or a to third country. Global Programme Against Trafficking in Human Beings collects data, formulates policy and implements projects advocating action against traffickers, alerting groups at-risk and assisting victims.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 39 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 1 non-governmental organizations.
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Information Services

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Members in 0 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Societal Problems
    • Crime
  • Health Care
    • Pharmacy
  • Defence
    • Espionage, Subversion
  • International Relations
    • United Nations

UN Sustainable Development Goals **



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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