Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
Communauté des Caraïbes
Comunidad del Caribe
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Established 4 July 1973, Chaguaramas (Trinidad-Tobago), on signature of Treaty of Chaguaramas by Prime Ministers of Barbados, Guyana, Jamaica and Tobago. Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, St Lucia and St Vincent became members in May 1974; and Antigua and St Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla in July 1974. Bahamas became member of the Community, but not the Common Market, in July 1983. Suriname became Full member, 4-7 July 1995. Haiti became the 15th Full member on deposit of an instrument of accession, 3 July 2002. Associate membership granted to: Virgin Is UK, July 1991; Turks-Caicos, July 1991; Anguilla, July 1988; Cayman Is, 16 May 2002; Bermuda, 2 July 2003. Neth Antilles is currently seeking an interest in closer cooperation with CARICOM through observer status in the Council for Human and Social Development (COHSOD) and the Council for Trade and Economic Development (COTED).
CARICOM replaces and extends the work of previous attempts at regional integration, namely of British West Indies Federation (1958-1962) and of Caribbean Free Trade Association (CARIFTA). The independent West Indian Commission recommended considerable changes, proposed enhancement of activities of the Council of Ministers and advised development of Association of Caribbean States (ACS), to include all countries of the Caribbean Basin. In the context of a revised Treaty of Chaguaramas, CARICOM member governments would subscribe to a 'CARICOM Charter of Civil Society' covering wider issues than economic circumstances. A multi-disciplinary intergovernmental task force was set up to oversee revision of the Treaty in order to make CARICOM Single Market and Economy (CSME) a reality. Heads of Government reaffirmed the benefit to the entire region of the ACS, 5-8 July 1993, Nassau (Bahamas). Treaty of Chaguaramas - Revised, signed July 2001, Georgetown (Guyana), paved the way for implementation of the new Treaty provisions and the subsequent establishment of the CSME. The 13th Inter-Sessional Meeting of CARICOM leaders, 2001, Belize, approved programmes for the removal of restrictions on the right of establishment, the provision of services and the movement of capital as required by member states in fulfillment of obligations under Protocol II; these came into effect on 1 Mar 2002. Member states have committed to remove all other restrictions by 2005, thus completing the Single Market for goods, services, capital and significant movement of persons.
Improve standards of living and work; work towards full employment of labour and other factors of production; accelerate, coordinate and sustain economic development and convergence; expand trade and economic relations with third states; enhance levels of international competitiveness; organize increased production and productivity; achieve a greater measure of economic leverage and effectiveness of Member States in dealing with third states, groups of states and entities of any description; enhance coordination of Member States' foreign and economic policies and enhance functional cooperation, including more efficient cooperation of common services and activities for the benefit of its people, accelerated promotion of greater understanding among its people and the advancement of their social, cultural and technological development, and intensified activities in areas such as health, education, transportation and telecommunications.Available with paid subscription only.
Politics/policy/regulator. Areas of Work: Agriculture; CARICOM Single Market and Economy (CSME); Crime and Security; Culture; Education; Energy; Environment and Sustainable Development; Foreign Policy and Community Relations; Gender; Health Sector Development Human Development; ICT for Development; Services; Sports Development; Statistics; Tourism; Trade Negotiations; Transportation; Youth Development. Management of treaties and agreements:
• Agreement on the Harmonisation of Fiscal Incentives to Industry; Agreement for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with Respect to Taxes on Income and for the Encouragement of International Trade and Investment; Caribbean-Canada Trade Agreement (CARIBCAN).
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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations
Relations with 10 inter-governmental organizations.
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Members in 20 countries
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Type I ClassificationAvailable with paid subscription only.
Type II ClassificationAvailable with paid subscription only.
- Intergovernmental Communities
UN Sustainable Development Goals **
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