African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP Group)
Groupe des Etats d'Afrique, des Caraïbes et du Pacifique (Groupe ACP)
Grupo de Estados de Africa, del Caribe y del Pacifico
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6 Jun 1975, Georgetown, on signature of the founding text, or Georgetown Agreement -- Accord de Georgetown, following signature, 28 Feb 1975, Lomé (Togo), of T-XT7543 - ACP-EEC Convention (Lomé convention) between the European Economic Community - subsequently called H-XD0665 - European Community and then F-XF2147 - European Union (EU) - and 46 African, Caribbean and Pacific countries. The Convention succeeded two earlier Conventions, both called Yaoundé Convention: the first signed 20 Jul 1963 and which entered into force 1 Jul 1964; the second signed 29 Jul 1969 and which expired 31 Jan 1975. They established H-XH0060 - Association of the European Economic Community and the African and Malagasy States which, with the association between European Economic Community and the then H-XH0472 - East African Community - 1967 (EAC) - disintegrated in 1977 - was superseded by the new arrangement. Special agreements were concluded with 21 states belonging to the British Commonwealth in 1973, when the UK entered the EEC. T-XT7979 - Second ACP-EEC Convention (Lomé II) between EEC and the ACP States, signed 31 Oct 1979, Lomé, entered into force 1 Jan 1981. T-XT8412 - Third ACP-EEC Convention (Lomé III), the 3rd Lomé Agreement, signed 8 Dec 1984, entered into force in May 1985, expired 28 Feb 1990. Negotiations for T-XT8967 - Fourth ACP-EEC Convention (Lomé IV) concluded on signature of an agreement, 15 Dec 1989, entered into force in Mar 1990 for a period of 10 years, amended 4 Nov 1995, Mauritius, following mid-term review. T-XT0080 - ACP-EU Partnership Agreement (Cotonou agreement), signed 23 Jun 2000, Cotonou (Benin), will come into force when ratified. The ACP Group is also referred to as Group of African, Caribbean and Pacific States, as ACP States -- Etats ACP and as ACP Countries. Statutes of Georgetown Agreement entered in 'UNTS/1 20345'.
Ensure realization of the objectives of the Convention of Lomé (Togo); coordinate activities of ACP States in the application of the Convention; determine joint positions of ACP Group vis-à-vis the European Community on matters covered by the Convention; promote and strengthen existing solidarity of the ACP Group; contribute to development of greater and closer trade, economic and cultural relations among ACP States and among developing countries in general and, to this end, develop exchange of information among ACP States in the fields of trade, technology, industry and human resources; contribute to promotion of effective regional and interregional cooperation among ACP States and among developing countries in general and strengthen links between the regional organizations to which they belong; promote establishment of a new world economic order; promote and develop collective self reliance and greater and closer economic and trade relations among ACP States; work to ensure that the Lomé Convention contributes to the realization of common aspirations of developing countries.
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Bureau of 6 members (4 from Africa, one from the Pacific and one from the Caribbean, renewed every 6 months) directs E-XE4168 - ACP-EU Council of Ministers (meeting once a year), which is assisted by Committee of Ambassadors ACP-EC, meeting on average 30 times a year at Brussels (Belgium) headquarters, with Chairman elected from among members of the Bureau. Also set up under the Lomé Conventions: E-XF0237 - Centre technique de coopération agricole et rurale (CTA).
Permanent sub-committees of the Committee of Ambassadors (10) handle the subjects falling within the scope of the Group's objectives and relating to:
- Trade Cooperation;
- E-XK0128 - EU Customs Union;
- STABEX and Mineral Products;
- E-XE4544 - ACP Sugar Group;
- Financial and Technical Cooperation;
- Least Developed, Landlocked and Island Countries;
- Industrial Cooperation;
- Agricultural Cooperation;
- Intra-ACP Cooperation;
- Administration and Finance.
The sub-committees set up ad hoc working parties and expert groups within themselves as required. F-XE9068 - ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly, established 8 Dec 1984, Lomé, on signature of the Lomé III Convention, took over the tasks of 'ACP-EEC Consultative Assembly -- Assemblée consultative ACP-CEE' which had been set up 31 Oct 1979, on signature of second Lomé Convention, and of 'ACP-EEC Joint Committee -- Comité paritaire ACP-CEE', on which were 64 representatives of the European Parliament.
ACP General Secretariat in Brussels monitors implementation of the Lomé Convention, services ACP Group organs and carries out tasks at the request of the Council of Ministers and Committee of Ambassadors; it comprises 3 Divisions: Commercial Cooperation; Development Cooperation; Administration and Finance. Programme Management Unit (PMU) -- Unité de gestion de projet (UGP), operational from 1 Jul 2002, administers a euro 20 million programme for capacity building in ACP countries and regional economic groupings.
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UN Sustainable Development Goals **
UIA Org ID
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.
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