Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)

Organisation de la sécurité et la coopération en Europe (OSCE)

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History

3 July 1975, as a continuing series of meetings with the title Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) -- Conférence sur la sécurité et la coopération en Europe (CSCE) -- Konferenz für Sicherheit und Zusammenarbeit (KSZE) to serve as a multilateral forum for dialogue and negotiation between East and West. Meeting over 2 years in Helsinki (Finland) and Geneva (Switzerland), CSCE reached agreement on the Helsinki Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (Helsinki Accords), signed by Heads of State or Government of 35 states on 1 Aug 1975, a politically binding agreement, which sets out basic principles for behaviour among participating states and of governments towards citizens. Establishment followed multilateral consultations over a number of years. Institutionalized as a permanent body, 21 Nov 1990, under Charter of Paris for a New Europe or Paris Charter. Expanded and further delineated under the Helsinki Document, adopted July 1992. Current title adopted at pan-European summit, 5-6 Dec 1994, Budapest (Hungary), with effect from 1 Jan 1995.

Aims

Serve as a primary instrument for early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation; get involved in a wide range of security-related issues, arms control measures, economic and environmental activities and counter-terrorism activities; oversee democratic electoral processes, good governance and rule of law; protect human rights; help develop a free, pluralistic and independent media and build civil society; offer police training; work to prevent human trafficking; promote cooperation and dialogue between participating States, ensuring equal status and that decisions are based on consensus.

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Activities

Works through political fora, field missions and institutions in the following fields: Arms control; Border management; Combating human trafficking; Combating terrorism; Conflict prevention and resolution; Economic activities; Education; Elections; Environmental activities; Gender equality; Good governance; Human rights; Media freedom and development; Military reform and cooperation; Minority rights; Policing; Roma and Sinti; Rule of law; Tolerance and non-discrimination.

Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE), signed 19 Nov 1990, Paris (France), at an OSCE meeting, is developed through Joint Consultative Group of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe, at which OSCE Members are represented by their 'OSCE Ambassadors'. They also represent their countries in the Open Skies Consultative Commission for Treaty on Open Skies. OSCE cooperates with NATO and the WEU in European Security Architecture (ESA) initiative.

Structure

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Languages

English, French, German, Italian, Russian, Spanish.

Staff

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Financing

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 21 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 1 non-governmental organizations.
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Publications

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Members

Members in 68 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Security
    • Security
  • Solidarity
    • Cooperation

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and CommunitiesGOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal

UIA Org ID

F0947

Last News Received

9. Mar 2017
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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