Energy Charter

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Established under the provisions of Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) and the 'Energy Charter Protocol on Energy Efficiency and Related Environmental Aspects', signed Dec 1994, Lisbon (Portugal), and entered into force Apr 1998. To date, the Treaty has been signed or acceded to be 55 states and the European Union. Roots date back to a political initiative launched in the early 1990s, at a time when the end of the Cold War offered an unprecedented opportunity to overcome economic divisions, and there was a recognized need to ensure that a commonly accepted foundation was established by developing energy cooperation among the states of the Eurasian continent. The Treaty's common rules of the game for the energy sector are designed to encourage investment and trade, to ensure reliable transit, to promote energy efficiency use, and to provide neutral mechanisms for the resolution of disputes. The Energy Charter Treaty was developed on the basis of the Energy Charter Declaration of 1991. Whereas the later document was drawn up as a declaration of political intent to promote energy cooperation, the Energy Charter Treaty is a legally- binding political instrument. The fundamental aim of the Treaty is to strengthen the rule of law on energy issues, by creating a level playing field of rules to be observed by all participating governments, thereby mitigating risks associated with energy-related investments and trade. In May 2015 a new political declaration, the International Energy Charter, was adopted or signed by 75 states and international organizations, and addresses the energy challenges of the 21st century and reflects the efforts to extend the global reach of the Energy Charter. The International Energy Charter remains open for signature by all states willing to accept those principles.


Find balanced solutions to key energy challenges among a diverse range of member countries across Europe and Asia, including producers, consumers and transit states, participating in the Charter on an equal basis.

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Management of treaties and agreements: Energy Charter Protocol on Energy Efficiency and Related Environmental Effects; Provides a forum for discussion between governments on energy issues; considers (and may commence) negotiations for further binding and non-binding agreements. Keeps under review and facilitates implementation of the principles of the 1991 European Energy Charter, the 2015 International Energy Charter and provisions of ECT and its Protocol. Facilitates coordination of appropriate measures to carry out the principles of the Charter. Provides training and support in investment dispute resolution and complex contracts (investment, transit) in the energy sector. Annual Conference, usually takes place in the Chairmanship country.


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English, French, German, Italian, Russian, Spanish.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 5 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 3 non-governmental organizations.
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Members in 88 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Resources
    • Energy

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 7: Affordable and Clean Energy



Last News Received

15. Oct 2015
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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