Andean Community

Communauté andine
Comunidad Andina

Search Open Yearbook

This information is part of the Open Yearbook, a free service of UIA's subscription-based Yearbook of International Organizations (YBIO). It includes profiles of non-profit organizations working worldwide in all fields of activity. The information contained in the profiles and search functionality of this free service are limited.

The full-featured Yearbook of International Organizations (YBIO) includes over 72,500 organization profiles, additional information in the profiles, sophisticated search functionality and data export. For more information about YBIO, please click here or contact us.

The UIA is a leading provider of information about international non-profit organizations. The aim of the Open Yearbook is to promote the activities of international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) and intergovernmental organizations (IGOs).

Contact Details

Available with paid subscription only.


9-10 Mar 1996, Trujillo (Peru), by the Acta de Trujillo, during 8th Congress of the Andean Presidential Council. Commenced operations on 1 Aug 1997, with General Secretariat headquarters in Lima (Peru), and is sometimes referred to as the Andean Community of Nations (ACN). Establishment followed a history of Andean cooperation, formalized in the Andean Subregional Integration Agreement (Cartagena Agreement), signed 26 May 1969, Bogota (Colombia), by representatives of Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. The Agreement aimed to establish a customs union within a period of 10 years. Although actually signed in Bogota, the Cartagena Agreement is officially named in honour of the city where the conclusive negotiations took place. The Cartagena Agreement is often referred to as 'Andean Pact -- Pacte andin -- Pacto Andino', and the nations signatory to it as Andean Group -- Groupe andin -- Grupo Andino. The Cartagena Agreement came into force in Oct 1969. Venezuela acceded to the Agreement in Feb 1973. Chile withdrew in Oct 1976.

The basically closed conception of inward-looking integration based on the import substitution model gradually gave way to a scheme of open regionalism: Protocol of Quito, adopted 12 May 1987, Quito, came into effect 25 May 1988, adjusted principal policies, instruments and mechanisms to prevailing conditions and allowed greater freedom for countries to establish their own rules on foreign investment; objectives and instruments were extended to economic and social cooperation. Declaration of Caracas, Feb 1989, marked an agreement of the Andean Presidents to promote and deepen subregional integration by taking over direct leadership of the process. The Community is the result of the progress of integration and emergence of new challenges stemming from global economic change which gave rise to a need for both institutional and policy reforms in the Cartagena Agreement, accomplished through Protocols of Trujillo and Sucre respectively. While the Community was set up through institutional reforms, policy reforms extended the scope of integration beyond purely trade and economic areas. The Council of Presidents and the Council of Foreign Ministers were formally established under the Act as new policy-making and membership bodies and the legislative role of the Commission of the Andean Community, originally comprising the trade ministers, was broadened by including ministers of other sectors. Expected to merge with Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR); complete integration expected by Summit, Colombia, Dec 2007.


Promote balanced and harmonious development of member countries under equitable conditions; accelerate their growth through integration and economic and social development; enhance participation in the regional integration process with a view to progressive formation of a Latin American common market; strive for a steady improvement in living conditions of member countries' inhabitants.

Available with paid subscription only.


'Trade in Goods' - a Customs Union is partially in place, in that trade in goods among member countries is now deregulated and a common external tariff covers imports from non-member countries. Current efforts aim at perfecting the enlarged market in line with ensuring transparent and proper operation of customs instruments, technical and health provisions and provisions on origin and competition.

'Deregulation of Trade in Services' - general framework on deregulation principles and provisions, approved by Decision 439 of CAN Council, 11 June 1998, is to be accomplished by 2005 through progressive elimination of restrictive measures affecting national treatment and access to the market. Advances in specific sectors include approval of provisions for transportation, telecommunications and tourism, while Decisions on financial services, recognition of professional degrees and authorization and licences to provide services in the sub-region are in the pipeline.

'Foreign Relations' - strategy of open regionalism has led to: signature of a framework agreement for the creation of a free trade zone with MERCOSUR, Apr 1998; signature of an economic complementation agreement with Brazil, Aug 1999, and with Argentina, as first steps towards creation of a free trade zone; setting up of Trade and Investment Council - also referred to as 'Council on Trade and Investment' and as 'Council on Trade Relations between the Andean Community and the United States' - 30 Oct 1998, Washington DC (USA); a '4-pillar' relationship with the European Union, covering political dialogue, preferential access to the European market (Drug GSP), the Framework Cooperation Agreement and specialized dialogue on war against drugs; other international relationships, including negotiating as a single voice on the proposed Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) and exploring closer relations, including possible trade relations, with Russia.

'Social Agenda' - Andean presidential summit, 1999, Cartagena de Indias (Colombia) agreed to carry out a multidimensional social agenda to make the Community more aware of citizens' expectations, centering on creation of jobs, education, health and housing. The agenda incorporates the basis for policies on migration, on protecting basic rights of workers, on safeguarding and promoting the Andean identity (educational, cultural, scientific and technological policy) and an Andean strategy on sustainable development.

'Common Market' - A free-trade zone was established, 1 Jan 1992, following signature of the Caracas Declaration, 18 May 1991, by Presidents of the 5 Andean countries. Community countries are committed to establishing the Andean Common Market (ANCOM) by 2005 at latest. Having deregulated trade in goods and set in motion liberalization of trade in services, current efforts focus on free circulation of capital and persons. A draft protocol to the Cartagena Agreement so as to establish the Common Market is being considered by member countries.


Available with paid subscription only.




Available with paid subscription only.


Available with paid subscription only.

Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 14 inter-governmental organizations.
More detailed data available with paid subscription.


Available with paid subscription only.


Members in 4 countries
More detailed data available with paid subscription.

Type I Classification

Available with paid subscription only.

Type II Classification

Available with paid subscription only.

Subjects *

  • Government
    • Intergovernmental Communities
  • Law
    • Agreements

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 3: Good Health and Well-beingGOAL 4: Quality EducationGOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthGOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and CommunitiesGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions



Last News Received

* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

You are viewing an organization profile from the Yearbook of International Organizations Online.
← return to your search page to find additional profiles.
Terms of Use

UIA allows users to access and make use of the information contained in its Databases for the user’s internal use and evaluation purposes only. A user may not re-package, compile, re-distribute or re-use any or all of the UIA Databases or the data* contained therein without prior permission from the UIA.

Data from database resources may not be extracted or downloaded in bulk using automated scripts or other external software tools not provided within the database resources themselves. If your research project or use of a database resource will involve the extraction of large amounts of text or data from a database resource, please contact us for a customized solution.

UIA reserves the right to block access for abusive use of the Database.

* Data shall mean any data and information available in the Database including but not limited to: raw data, numbers, images, names and contact information, logos, text, keywords, and links.