Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS)
Organisation des Etats des Caraïbes orientales (OECO)
Organización de los Estados del Caribe Oriental (OECO)
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Established on signature of the Treaty of Basseterre by 7 Eastern Caribbean countries which agreed to cooperate with each other and promote unity and solidarity among Members. Following the collapse of the H-XH0809 - West Indies Federation the governments of the Eastern Caribbean States created H-XH4855 - West Indies Associated States Council of Ministers (WISA), in Sep 1966 and H-XH0116 - East Caribbean Common Market (ECCM), in June 1968, prior to the signing of the Treaty of Basseterre. Establishment of the OECS is predicated on the recognition of the need of the Eastern Caribbean States for a more formal arrangement to assist with post-independence development efforts and is motivated by: a common determination to strengthen links among themselves; uniting their efforts and resources; establishing and strengthening common institutions which could serve to increase their bargaining power. A proposed sub-group, U-XU1881 - Eastern Caribbean Islands Confederation, has not yet come into existence. All OECS Member State are members of D-XD4579 - Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and assume the same membership status in both organizations.
As a major institutional player at the regional level, assist in development of Member States by: assisting them to maximize the benefits from their collective space; facilitating their integration with the global economy; contributing to policy and programme formulation and execution in respect of national, regional and international issues and serving as a channel for bilateral and multilateral cooperation. Promote cooperation among Member States and at the regional and international levels; promote unity and solidarity among Member States and defend their sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence; seek to achieve the fullest possible harmonization of foreign policy among Member States; seek to adopt as far as possible common positions on international issues and establish and maintain wherever possible arrangements for joint overseas representation and/or common services.
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Authority of Heads of Government (meets twice a year), comprising Heads of Government, is the supreme decision-making body with Chairmanship changing every year, rotating alphabetically, according to country name. Committees (4): Foreign Affairs Committee, comprising Ministers responsible for foreign affairs in their respective governments; Defence and Security Committee, comprising Ministers and Plenipotentiaries responsible for coordinating collective defence and security efforts; Economic Affairs Committee, responsible for promoting economic integration and development; Legal Affairs Committee, concerned with harmonization of the laws of Member States. Secretariat, comprising 4 Divisions. Director General (Chief Executive Officer) is responsible to the Authority for the functioning of the Secretariat and other OECS institutions. Overseas Diplomatic Missions: Brussels (Belgium), Ottawa ON (Canada), Geneva (Switzerland), Morocco.
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