International Air Transport Association (IATA)
Association du transport aérien international
Asociación de Transporte Aéreo Internacional
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Apr 1945, Havana (Cuba), following preliminary meetings of airline operators attached to national delegations at International Civil Aviation Conference, 1944, Chicago IL (USA). Successor in function to International Air Traffic Association -- Association internationale du trafic aérien, set up 28 Aug 1919, The Hague (Netherlands). Legal status by Act of Canadian Parliament, first session, 20th Parliament, 9 Sep 1945, with Royal Assent, 18 Dec 1945. Certain functions, notably those exercised by IATA Traffic Conferences, are stipulated in bilateral air transport agreements between many states. Originally, any airline which became an Active Member automatically took part in Traffic Conferences, which met regularly to coordinate international tariffs and establish related conditions and procedures. From 1978, the system was restructured to provide increased flexibility for members, such that all members are involved in trade association (non-tariff) activities but participation in coordination of international fares and rates (tariff coordination) is optional. EU Transparency Register: 1805107590-28.
Represent, lead and serve the airline industry; promote safe, reliable and secure air services; achieve recognition of the importance of a healthy air transport industry to worldwide social and economic development; assist the industry to achieve adequate levels of profitability; provide high quality, value for money, industry-required products and services that meet the needs of the customer; develop cost-effective, environmentally-friendly standards and procedures to facilitate operation of international air transport; identify and articulate common industry positions and support the resolution of key industry issues; provide a working environment which attracts, retains and develops committed employees.
2020 Mexico City, Mexico – IGHC : Ground Handling Conference
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Services 4 groups interested in smooth operation of the world transport system:
• 'Airlines' - Exploits opportunities and solves problems in joint ways beyond the resources of a single company. Individual networks are linked into a worldwide system, despite differences in languages, currencies, laws and national customs.
• 'Governments' - Provides experience and expertise in developing industry working standards, allowing governments to dispense with the effort and expense involved in bilateral negotiations.
• 'Third Parties' - Serves as a collective link between third parties (such as travel and cargo agents and equipment and systems suppliers) and the airlines: provides neutrally applied agency service standards and professional skills for passenger and cargo agents to make representations to the industry; enables equipment manufacturers and others to join airline meetings which define the way air transport is conducted.
• 'General Public' - By simplifying the travel and shipping process, contributes to cheaper tickets and shipping costs by helping control airline costs and enables individual passengers to reserve a complex journey involving several countries and airlines through one transaction.
'Industry Viability and Recognition': /Taxation/ - publishes worldwide taxes on aviation, makes representations to governments where necessary and also fights some taxes in the courts. /User charges/ - aims to ensure that airlines are charged only for the services they require and use and that charges are cost-related. /Fuel trade/ - directs efforts at monitoring jet fuel prices worldwide and securing reductions. /Currency/ - organizes representations or missions to countries in which funds are blocked.
'Safety and Security' - Through technical offices. /Flight operations/ - Shares the experience of individual airlines with the whole industry. Works on aircraft minimum separation standards, collision avoidance, precision landing aids and ground obstacle avoidance. Emphasizes human factors in aviation through annual conferences and data dissemination. /Avionics/ - Fosters developments leading to enhanced safety and reduced costs, aiming to achieve worldwide implementation of ICAO's Future Air Navigation System (FANS), an automated concept of communications, navigation, surveillance/air traffic management (CNS/ATM) using already existing geostationary satellites and airborne avionics packages. /Security/ - Security staff provide industry input to national and international governmental security standards and their implementation. Makes airport security surveys on request.
'Industry Support': /Infrastructure/ - Works through the technical department, through membership of the Air Transport Action Group and in close consultation with Eurocontrol and the European Civil Aviation Conference, to avoid congestion due to inadequacies in airport terminals, taxi-ways, runways, access roads, Air Traffic Control (ATC) systems and trained personnel. In the long-term, aims to provide adequate ATC supply worldwide through FANS. Current emphasis is on the Asia/Pacific region. /Environment/ - Provides a clearinghouse for related legislation, monitors international debate and promotes common industry positions, including support for coordinated phasing out of old aircraft types and noise-compatible land-use planning. /Legal support/ - Working with member airlines to provide a radically reformed system of compensation for passenger death or injury within the framework of the Warsaw Convention. /Consumer dialogue/ - Maintains contact with international consumer groups on such questions as safety, security, taxation, denied boarding and air transport congestion.
'Standards and Procedures': /Traffic services/ - Multilateral Interline Traffic Agreements (MITA), signed by nearly 300 airlines, are the basis for airlines' interline network, in which each other's tickets and waybills are accepted on a reciprocal basis in association with SITA and ARINC. /Passenger and cargo services conference resolutions/ - These prescribe a variety of standard formats and technical specifications for tickets and waybills. /Passenger Services/ - IATA Partnership Programmes and Registered Suppliers and Industry Associates Programme aim to automate systems so as to speed up the process at airport terminals and onto flights at lower cost, while maintaining security and border formality requirements. Other concerns include standards for carrying disabled passengers, live animals and dangerous goods, and the handling of checked baggage - the latter including development with SITA of the 'BAHAMAS' baggage tracing system. /Scheduling/ - Offers a forum allowing voluntary agreement on allocation of worldwide airport capacity. /Facilitation/ - Works to reduce 'red tape' in movement of goods and people through airports. /Fraud prevention/ - Trains ticket processors to recognize invalid travel documents; identifies black-listed tickets through 'TICKETS' joint automated service with Aeronautical Radio Inc (ARINC).
'Products and Services': /IATA Currency Clearance Service (ICCS)/ - Offsets equal and opposite currency flows. Interline Data Exchange Centre (IDEC) - Allows airlines to exchange ticket and waybill data. /Revenue Accounting/ - Training courses. /IATA Procuration Service (IPS)/ - Allocates revenue to individual carriers providing part of a transport service. /Insurance services/ - Uses cooperative insurance schemes to minimize cost to the airline industry. /IATA Yield Management Service (IYMS)/ - Affords access to state-of-the-art revenue management technology. /Tariff coordination/ - Since 1946, acts as a forum for tariff negotiation among governments. /Agency programmes/ - Accreditation of travel and cargo agents, awarding of diplomas following IATA/UFTAA (passenger) or IATA/FIATA (cargo) training course. /Billing and Settlement Plans/ and /Cargo Account Settlement Systems/ - Transfer of revenue to appropriate individual agents. /Travel Industry Designator Service (TIDS)/ - Unique numeric coding for reservation and commission tracking. Other services include: Travel Agent card; computer-based training; human resource development through training programme for staff from less developed nations; management information service; market and economic analysis, traffic and airport forecasting, data collection development; seminars and symposia; consultancy services.
StructureAvailable with paid subscription only.
English, French, Spanish.
StaffAvailable with paid subscription only.
FinancingAvailable with paid subscription only.
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) (Special Category); World Health Organization (WHO) (Official Relations); International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) (Permanent Observer Status).
Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations
Relations with 27 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations
Relations with 54 non-governmental organizations.
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PublicationsAvailable with paid subscription only.
Information ServicesAvailable with paid subscription only.
Members in 152 countries
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Type I ClassificationAvailable with paid subscription only.
Type II ClassificationAvailable with paid subscription only.
- Transportation, Telecommunications
UN Sustainable Development Goals **
UIA Org ID
Last News Received
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.
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