European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom)
Communauté européenne de l'énergie atomique
Comunidad Europea de Energia Atómica
Comunidade Européia de Energia Atómica
Comunità Europea dell'Energia Atomica
Europese Gemeenschap voor Atoomenergie
Evropaiki Kinotita Atomikis Energias
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1958-01-01 Brussels Belgium
Established 1 Jan 1958, Brussels (Belgium), on coming into force of the T-XT5766 - Treaty Establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (Treaty of Rome), signed 25 Mar 1957, following a conference in Jun 1955, Messina (Italy), of the then 6 member countries of H-XD0663 - European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) - Belgium, France, Germany FR, Italy, Luxembourg and Netherlands. The Rome Treaty was ratified by parliaments of member states between 5 Jul 1957 and 4 Dec 1957. The other Treaty of Rome, since 2009 called T-XT5765 - Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), originally setting up the European Economic Community (EEC) - now known as the H-XD0665 - European Community - was signed, ratified and came into force at the same time. Euratom, also known as EAEC, thus traces its origins to the T-XT5133 - Treaty Establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (Treaty of Paris), signed 18 Apr 1951, creating the European Coal and Steel Community. The ECSC ceased to exist in Jul 2002, following expiration of the Paris Treaty.
Following signature on 7 Feb 1992, of T-XT9113 - Treaty on European Union (Maastricht Treaty), Euratom comes within the framework of the F-XF2147 - European Union (EU), and is one of the three bodies that make up the H-XF0662 - European Communities (EC), the Union's first "pillar". Since T-XT2073 - Treaty of Lisbon came into force, 1 Dec 2009, activities taken over by E-XE2442 - European Commission (EC) with 'Community' itself no longer existing and "Euratom" only referred to the Treaty.
Further cooperation within the European Union in the field of research; protect the public by establishing common safety standards; ensure an adequate and equitable supply of ores and nuclear fuel; monitor the peaceful use of nuclear material; cooperate with other countries and international organizations; protect the health of those working in the sector and of the public at large.
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E-XE2442 - European Commission (EC) is the executive body, the Directorate-General most closely involved being DG Energy, within which there is a Euratom Safeguards Directorate, while DG Environment and Research are also closely concerned. Consultative bodies are: for both the EC and Euratom, E-XE0669 - European Economic and Social Committee (EESC), composed of representatives of different sectors of economic and social life; for Euratom only, Scientific and Technical Committee which advises the Commission on research matters. In accordance with the Rome Treaty, decisions on Euratom are generally taken by E-XE3068 - Council of the European Union, on proposals by the Commission, although the Commission has certain autonomous powers. Under the T-XT8633 - Single European Act (SEA), the Council may attach to F-XF0668 - Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) a court to hear and determine in the first instance certain classes of action brought by natural or legal persons in relation to Euratom, thus amending Article 160 of the EAEC Treaty. E-XE4101 - Committee of Permanent Representatives to the European Union advises the Council on Euratom matters (detailed discussions are held in 'Atomic Questions Group').
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UN Sustainable Development Goals **
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