Southern African Customs Union (SACU)

Union douanière d'Afrique australe (UDAA)

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11 Dec 1969, on signature of the Customs Union Agreement (CUA) between Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland and South Africa which entered into force 1 Mar 1970; replaced T-XT1089 - Customs Union Agreement between the Governments of South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland of 1910. Agreement amended, 1990, to make provisions for accession of additional contracting parties, Namibia becoming a de jure member from 10 Jul 1990 having been accepted de facto since 21 Mar 1990. New agreement signed 2002.


Maintain free interchange of goods between parties and apply the same tariffs and trade regulations to goods imported from outside on a basis designed to ensure continued economic development of the customs area as a whole; ensure in particular that arrangements encourage development of less advanced members of the customs union and diversification of their economies and afford all parties equitable benefits arising from trade among themselves and with other countries.


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Customs Union Commission (meeting annually); Liaison Committees (3); Ad-hoc Committee on Agriculture.


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