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Customs is an authority or agency in a country responsible for collecting tariffs and for controlling the flow of goods, including animals, transports, personal effects, and hazardous items, into and out of a country. Traditionally, customs has been considered as the fiscal subject that charges customs duties and other taxes on import and export. In recent decades, the views on the functions of customs have considerably expanded and now covers three basic issues: taxation, security, and trade facilitation.

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Organizations relating to Customs

Nordiska Tulladministrativa Rådet / Helsinki, Finland / Est. 1960
International Federation of Customs Brokers Associations / Ottawa ON, Canada / Est. 1990
International Association of Customs Museums / Rotterdam, Netherlands / Est. 1993
Confédération internationale des agents en douanes / Naples, Italy / Est. 1982
East African Community Customs Union / Arusha, Tanzania UR / Est. 2004
Professional Customs Brokers Association of the Americas / Montevideo, Uruguay / Est. 1969
Melanesian Spearhead Group / Port Vila, Vanuatu / Est. 1994
Comity of Nations
Group of Four / Est. 1992
Greater Arab Free-Trade Area / Cairo, Egypt / Est. 1998
Association of International Customs and Border Agencies / Ottawa ON, Canada / Est. 2000
Customs and International Trade Bar Association / Chicago IL, USA / Est. 1917
Duty Free World Council
European Economic and Customs Union / Est. 1927
European Customs Union Study Group / Est. 1947
Tariff Union of Balkan and Near East Countries / Budapest, Hungary
International Association for Customs Duty Reforms / Est. 1856
Zollverein / Est. 1834
ACP-EC Customs Cooperation Committee / Est. 1984
West African Customs Union / Est. 1959
Benelux Customs Union / Est. 1948
Nordic Customs Union
Benelux Duty Free Association / Hoofddorp, Netherlands
Central American Tariff and Customs Council / Guatemala, Guatemala / Est. 1985
Permanent Secretariat of the South American Agreement on Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances / Est. 1979
Sistema Latinoamericano de Capacitación e Investigación Aduaneras
Agreement Regarding Cooperation and Mutual Assistance among National Customs Directorates / Est. 1981
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Professional Equipment / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1961
Customs Convention Concerning Facilities for the Importation of Goods for Display or Use at Exhibitions, Fairs, Meetings or Similar Events / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1961
Convention on the Valuation of Goods for Customs Purposes / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1950
Convention on the Nomenclature for the Classification of Goods in Customs Tariffs / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1950
Agreement for an Embargo on Arms for China / Est. 1919
Additional Protocol to the Convention Concerning Customs Facilities for Touring, Relating to the Importation of Tourist Publicity Documents and Material / Est. 1954
Convention on Publicity of Customs Documents / Est. 1923
Convention Relative to the Monetary System, Customs, Weights and Measures, Fiscal Laws, International Trade and the Consular Service / Est. 1909
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Private Road Vehicles / Est. 1954
ASEAN Agreement on Customs / Est. 1997
Final Act of the United Nations Conference on Customs Formalities for the Temporary Importation of Private Road Motor Vehicles and for Tourism / Est. 1954
Convention Relating to the Simplification of Customs Formalities / Est. 1923
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, 1947 / Est. 1947
Customs Convention Concerning Welfare Material for Seafarers / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1964
Multilateral Agreement on Cooperation and Mutual Assistance between the National Customs Directors of Latin America, Spain and Portugal / Est. 1981
Convention Relating to the Unification of Excise Duties and of Fees for the Warranty of Articles of Precious Metals / Est. 1950
Agreement Providing for the Provisional Application of the Draft International Customs Conventions on Touring, on Commercial Road Vehicles and on the International Transport of Goods by Road / Est. 1949
Customs Convention on Containers, 1972 / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1972
Convention Concerning Cooperation with Regard to Customs and Excise / Est. 1952
Customs Convention on the International Transport of Goods under Cover of TIR Carnets, 1959 / Est. 1959
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Scientific Equipment / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1968
International Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance for the Prevention, Investigation and Repression of Customs Offences / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1977
European Convention on Customs Treatment of Pallets Used in International Transport / Est. 1960

View all profiles (139 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Customs

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Distortion of international trade by discriminatory customs and administrative entry procedures
Excessive protection of industries by customs duties
Evasion of customs and excise duties
Discriminatory targeting of travellers by border control officials
Distortion of international trade by embargoes
Tariff barriers to international trade
Non-tariff barriers to international trade
Undermining of trade preferences by non-tariff measures
Distortion of international trade by restrictive customs valuation practices

Action Strategies relating to Customs

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Removing non-tariff barriers to international trade
Creating customs
Imposing embargoes
Evaluating effects of world trade agreements on tariffs affecting manufactured goods
Removing tariff barriers to international trade
Disseminating environmental knowledge using local customs
Facilitating international transit of goods
Simplifying customs clearance procedures
Fixing common customs and tariffs
Acknowledging common mores
Enabling zero-duty imports from developing countries
Reducing tariffs
Introducing common economic customs
Granting preferential tariff
Designing economic customs
Reforming trade tariffs
Respecting customs
Harmonizing customs procedures
Lowering tariffs
Reducing customs tariffs
Harmonizing customs
Stabilizing tariffs
Creating non-tariff measures
Preventing unlawful trafficking in taxable objects
Structuring courting customs

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