Group of 77 (G-77)

Groupe des 77
Grupo de los 77

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15 June 1964, by 77 developing countries signatory to the 'Joint Declaration of the Seventy-Seven Countries' issued at the end of the first session of United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Geneva (Switzerland). Permanent institutional structure developed gradually, commencing with the first Ministerial Meeting of the Group of 77, 10-25 Oct 1967, Algiers (Algeria), which adopted the Charter of Algiers, followed by the creation of Chapters of the Group of 77 with Liaison offices in Geneva (UNCTAD), Nairobi (Kenya) (UNEP), Paris (France) (UNESCO), Rome (Italy) (FAO/IFAD), Vienna (Austria) (UNIDO) and the Group of 24 in Washington DC (USA) (IMF and World Bank). Although membership of G-77 has increased to 134 countries, the original name is retained because of its historic significance.


As the largest intergovernmental organization of developing states in the United Nations, provide the means for the countries of the South to articulate and promote their collective economic interests and enhance their joint negotiating capacity on all major international economic issues in the United Nations system; promote South-South cooperation for development.

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Besides formulating joint positions on resolutions and decisions within the framework of the United Nations, produces joint declarations and action programmes on development issues, including:

 • -Joint Declaration the Group of 77 Geneva, 15 June 1964;

 • -Algiers Charter, 10-25 Oct 1967;

 • -Agreement on a Global System of Trade Preferences among Developing Countries (GSTP), 11-13 Apr 1988;

 • -30th Anniversary Ministerial Declaration, 24 June 1994;

 • -Ministerial Statement on 'An Agenda for Development', 1994;

 • -Declaration of the South Summit and the Havana Programme of Action, 10-14 Apr 2000;

 • -Sao Paulo Declaration/40th Anniversary Ministerial Declaration, 11-12 June 2004;

 • -Doha Declaration and Doha Plan of Action of the 2nd G-77 South Summit, 12-16 June 2005;

 • -50th Anniversary Summit Declaration 14-15 June 2014.

Group also: makes statements at various Main Committees of the General Assembly, ECOSOC and other subsidiary bodies; sponsors and negotiates resolutions and decisions at major conferences and other meetings held under the aegis of the UN dealing with international economic cooperation and development; sponsors projects on South-South cooperation through funding from the Perez-Guerrero Trust Fund and convenes high-level meetings on thematic/sectoral issues.


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Arabic, English, French, Spanish.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 54 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 3 non-governmental organizations.
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Members in 134 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Economics
    • Economic
  • International Relations
    • United Nations
  • Solidarity
    • Cooperation

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthGOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal



Last News Received

4. Sep 2018
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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