Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
Haut-Commissariat des nations unies aux droits de l'homme (HCDH)
Oficina del Alto Comisionado para los Derechos Humanos (ACNUDH)
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24 Oct 1945, as United Nations Centre for Human Rights (CHR). Re-established in current form, 15 Sep 1997, in connection with the programme for reform of the United Nations (A/51/950, para 79), when fully consolidated with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights into a single Office based at United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG). Mandate derives from Articles 1, 13 and 55 of the Charter of the United Nations (UN), from the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action (VDPA) (an outcome of the World Conference on Human Rights, June 1993), and from UN General Assembly resolution 48/141, 20 Dec 1993, establishing the post of United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.
Work with Governments to help promote and implement human rights worldwide; assist other entities with responsibility to protect human rights to fulfil their obligations, and speak out objectively in the face of human rights violations; inject a human rights perspective into all United Nations programmes so as to ensure that peace and security, development and human rights - the three pillars of the United Nations system - are interlinked and mutually reinforcing. In carrying out its mission, OHCHR: gives priority to addressing the most pressing human rights violations, both acute and chronic, particularly those that put life in imminent peril; focuses attention on those who are at risk and vulnerable on multiple fronts; pays equal attention to the realization of civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights, including the right to development; measures the impact of its work through the substantive benefit that is accrued, through it, to individuals around the world.Available with paid subscription only.
• 'Human Rights Council and Treaties': provides secretariat service to United Nations organs concerned with human rights including: Human Rights Council; Human Rights Council Advisory Committee; human rights treaty bodies. Also manages the planning, preparing and servicing of sessions of boards of trustees of United Nations Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture (UNVFVT). Processes communications submitted to treaty bodies under optional procedures and communications under the procedures established by ECOSOC resolution 1503 (XLVIII) of 27 May 1970.
• 'Research and Right to Development': promotes and protects the right to development; provides substantive services to human rights organs engaged in standard-setting activities, including: General Assembly Group of Eminent Experts on Durban Follow-up; Working Group on the Right to Development; Working Group on the Effective Implementation of the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action; Working Group on the People of African Descent; High-level Task Force on the Right to Development.
• 'Field Operations and Technical Cooperation': develops, implements, monitors and evaluates advisory services and technical assistance projects at the request of governments; plans, supports and evaluates human rights field presences and missions, including human rights components of UN peace missions in over 50 countries; formulates and develops best practices, procedural methodology and models for all human rights activities in the field; manages United Nations Voluntary Fund for Technical Cooperation in the Field of Human Rights, United Nations Trust Fund for Human Rights Education Programme in Cambodia.
• 'Special Procedures': provides substantive and administrative support to human rights fact-finding mechanisms, such as special rapporteurs, representatives and experts and working groups mandated by the Commission on Human Rights to deal with phenomena of human rights violations worldwide. Organizes and provides support to annual meetings of special procedures mandate holders.
'Meetings': organizes meetings of chairpersons of human rights treaty bodies:
• Human Rights Committee (CCPR); United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR); Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD); Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW); Committee Against Torture (CAT); Subcommittee on the Prevention of Torture (SPT); Committee on the Rights of the Child; Committee on Migrant Workers (CMW); Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD); Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED).
• International Convention for the Protection of all Persons from Enforced Disappearance; International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR); International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of all Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families; International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination; International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR); Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW); Convention Against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment; United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC); Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD).
Publications Programme of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights aims to: raise awareness of human rights and fundamental freedoms; publicize ways of promoting and protecting them at the international level; encourage debate on human rights issues under discussion in UN bodies.
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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations
Relations with 24 inter-governmental organizations.
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PublicationsAvailable with paid subscription only.
Members in 0 countries
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Type II ClassificationAvailable with paid subscription only.
- Societal Problems
- International Relations
- United Nations
UN Sustainable Development Goals **
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** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.
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