World Customs Organization (WCO)
Organisation mondiale des douanes (OMD)
Organización Mundial de Aduanas (OMA)
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1950-12-15 Brussels Belgium
Founded on signature of 3 conventions resulting from the work of H-XH7169 - European Customs Union Study Group, set up 12 Sep 1947: Convention establishing a Customs Co-operation Council (entered into force 4 Nov 1952); T-XT5021 - Convention on the Nomenclature for the Classification of Goods in Customs Tariffs (entered into force 11 Sep 1959), subsequently replaced by T-XT8315 - International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (entered into force 1 Jan 1988); T-XT5020 - Convention on the Valuation of Goods for Customs Purposes (entered into force 28 Jul 1953), no longer widely applied, following the establishment of the Agreement on Implementation of Article VII of GATT.
Enhance effectiveness and efficiency of customs administrations in areas of compliance with trade regulations, protection of society and revenue collection, thereby contributing to economic and social well-being of nations; establish, maintain, support and promote international instruments for harmonization and uniform application of simplified and effective customs systems and procedures governing the movement of commodities, people and conveyances across customs frontiers; reinforce members' efforts to secure compliance with their legislation; maximize the level and effectiveness of members' cooperation with each other and with international organizations in order to combat customs and other transnational offences; assist members in their efforts to meet the challenges of the modern business environment and adapt to changing circumstances, by promoting communication and cooperation among members and with other international organizations, and by fostering integrity, human resource development, transparency, improvements in the management and working methods of customs administrations and the sharing of best practice.
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Council (meets once a year in Jun in Brussels). General Secretariat, headed by Secretary General. Policy Commission. Committees (4): Finance; Audit; Harmonized System; Enforcement. Technical Committees (3): Permanent; Rules of Origin; Customs Valuation. Administrative Committees (2): Customs Convention on Containers, 1972; Istanbul Convention. Contact Committees (2): WCO/IATA/ICAO Guidelines on Advanced Passenger Information (API); UPU/WCO. Management Committees (1): Revised Kyoto Convention. Sub-Committees (4): Integrity; Harmonized System Review; Scientific; Information Management. High Level Working Group (1): Capacity Building, Training and Technical Assistance. Working Groups (2): Commercial Fraud; SAFE. Project Groups (2): Global Information and Intelligence Strategy (GIIS Project Group); Global Information and Intelligence Strategy. Harmonized System Working Party. Electronic Crime Expert Group (ECEG). Customs Enforcement Network Management Team (CENMat). Contracting Parties to the ATA Convention. Private Sector Consultative Group.
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