International Narcotics Control Board (INCB)
Organe international de contrôle des stupéfiants (OICS)
Junta Internacional de Fiscalización de Estupefacientes (JIFE)
Established 1968, under T-XT6104 - Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, which entered into force 13 Dec 1964, in accordance with resolution 1106 (XL) of ECOSOC, enacted under the authority of Article 45 of the Convention. Replaced the Permanent Central Narcotics Board and Drug Supervisory Body created by T-XT2504 - International Opium Convention, 1925, and T-XT3107 - Convention for Limiting the Manufacture and Regulating the Distribution of Narcotic Drugs of 1931, respectively. Exercised the functions of these bodies in respect of countries party to the earlier narcotics treaties and not yet party to the Single Convention. As between Parties, the Single Convention replaces other multilateral treaties concerning narcotic drugs except the T-XT3602 - Convention for the Suppression of the Illicit Traffic in Dangerous Drugs, 1936. The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, as amended by T-XT7208 - Protocol Amending the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs 1961, entered into force on 8 Aug 1975. The T-XT7101 - Convention on Psychotropic Substances, signed 21 Feb 1971, Vienna (Austria), entered into force 16 Aug 1976, ensures the international control of this type of drug. The T-XT8896 - United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, 1988, entered into force 11 Nov 1990, entrusted the Board with new functions in the control of precursor chemicals used in the illicit manufacture of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.
Monitor and promote the implementation of the international drug control conventions; monitor global licit production, manufacture, trade in and use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances; monitor precursor chemicals and assess substances for possible modification of the scope of control of Tables I and II of the 1988 Convention.
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Board (meeting as often as necessary, usually 3 times a year, in Vienna, Austria) comprises 13 individuals elected in their personal capacity by ECOSOC, 3 from candidates nominated by WHO and 10 from a list of persons nominated by UN member states or states party to the Single Convention. Secretariat is administratively part of E-XE3574 - United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and structured into 5 sections: Office of the Secretary; Convention Evaluation; Narcotics Control and Estimates; Psychotropics Control; Precursors Control. Based at: G-XG6679 - Vienna International Centre (VIC).
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