Secretaria Permanente del Tratado General de Integración Económica Centroamericana (SIECA)
Secrétariat permanent du Traité général d'intégration économique de l'Amérique centrale
Permanent Secretariat of the General Treaty on Central American Economic Integration
1960-12-13 Managua Nicaragua
13 Dec 1960, Managua (Nicaragua), on signature of T-XT6023 - General Treaty on Central American Economic Integration, 1960 by representatives of the Governments of El Salvador, Guatemala (Guatemala), Honduras and Nicaragua. Treaty came into force, Jun 1961 and by Sep 1963 was ratified by all the 5 countries. SIECA commenced activities on 12 Oct 1961. A Central American Economic Integration Program had been formally established, 27 Aug 1952, when Ministers of the 5 states together formed E-XE3278 - Central American Economic Cooperation Committee whose first meeting was on that occasion. The General Treaty is the basic instrument of the Program, envisaging the creation of F-XF6292 - Central American Common Market (CACM). The Treaty incorporates T-XT5801 - Agreement on the System of Central American Integrated Industries, signed 10 Jun 1958, and also takes into account and keeps in force previous agreements: T-XT5819 - Multilateral Treaty on Free Trade and Central American Economic Integration; T-XT5915 - Central American Agreement on the Equalization of Import Charges, with accompanying Protocol on Central American Preferential Tariff, adopted 1 Sep 1959. Costa Rica adhered to the Central American convention on equalization of tariff rates, 23 Jul 1962. A number of protocols to the General Treaty have been signed by member countries and ratified by some or all of them, including T-XT6350 - Protocol to the General Treaty of Central American Economic Integration - Central American Uniform Customs Code which contains the Standard Central American Tariff Code (CAUCA). Restructuring of CACM was initiated in 1973. From Dec 1974, SIECA contributed to drawing up a Treaty establishing U-XU9688 - Central American Economic and Social Community to replace CACM; and a Draft Treaty was presented to Presidents of member countries, 23 Mar 1976. In Dec 1984, T-XT8414 - Convention on Central American Tariff and Customs Regulations was signed by plenipotentiaries of the Governments of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua and came into force in these countries on 17 Sep 1985, at first meeting of H-XE0901 - Central American Tariff and Customs Council. This adopted the Brussels (Belgium) Tariff Nomenclature (BTN) of the Customs Cooperation Council and remains open for accession to its provisions by any Central American state that is not an original signatory. F-XF2858 - Central American Integration System, set up 13 Dec 1991, is the juridical and institutional framework to ensure the attainment of purposes of the Central American Integration Treaties and the follow up of regional policies and decisions adopted by summit meetings of Central American Presidents. The General Treaty of 1960 was modified in 1993 by T-XT9363 - Protocol to the General Treaty of Central American Economic Integration, 1993 (Guatemala Protocol). Previous cooperation among Central American states commenced with the setting up of H-XH3394 - Central American Federation, 1823.
Promote economic integration of Central America in order to obtain an equitable and sustainable economic and social development in terms of welfare of the Central American economies; coordinate economic policies of contracting states.
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Original main bodies (which ceased to exist in Oct 1973): U-XE0112 - Central American Economic Council and Executive Council. Current structure: Council of Ministers Responsible for the Economic Integration and Regional Development (the highest body), which conducts the economic integration of Central America and whose sessions are referred to as S-XF9613 - Meeting of Ministers Responsible for the Economic Integration of Central America. Meeting of Presidents. Intersectoral Council of Ministers of Economic Integration. Sectoral Council. Executive Committee of Economic Integration. SIECA, headed by Secretary General, is the technical and administrative entity in charge of the economic affairs and coordinates 3 specialized Secretariats: E-XD5496 - Central American Agricultural Council; E-XE5976 - Central American Monetary Council; E-XE0061 - Secretaria de Integración Turistica Centroamericana (SITCA). Other institutions of the economic integration of Central America: F-XF0230 - Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI); F-XD0232 - Central American Institute of Public Administration.
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