Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA)

Institut interaméricain de coopération pour l'agriculture (IICA)
Instituto Interamericano de Cooperación para la Agricultura (IICA)
Instituto Interamericano de Cooperação para a Agricultura (IICA)

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7 Oct 1942, as Inter-American Institute of Agricultural Sciences (IAIAS) -- Institut interaméricain des sciences agricoles (IISA) -- Instituto Interamericano de Ciencias Agricolas (IICA), on the basis of a multilateral Convention, opened for signature by member countries of the then 'Pan American Union (PAU)', currently Organization of American States (OAS). By virtue of that Convention, contracting states recognized the permanent status of the institution and its status as a legal entity in accordance with their own legislation. Executive Headquarters were originally established at PAU, with field operations in Turrialba (Costa Rica), but were transferred to Turrialba in 1946 and to San José (Costa Rica) in 1960. A convention for adoption of the present title opened for signature, 6 Mar 1979, and was adopted 8 Dec 1980, when two-thirds of the states party to the 1944 Convention had deposited their instruments of ratification. IICA is a specialized agency of the Inter-American System. Statutes registered in 'UNTS 1/19557'.


Support efforts of Member States to achieve progress and prosperity in the hemisphere through the modernization of the rural sector, the promotion of food security and the development of an agricultural sector that is competitive, technologically prepared, environmentally managed and socially equitable for the peoples of the Americas.

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'Technical Secretariat' supported by 6 specialized thematic areas:

 • 'Trade Policy and Negotiations' - supports countries' efforts to increase their capabilities to analyse, define, implement and reach agreement at the regional level on public policies and agricultural trade negotiations;

 • 'Agribusiness Development' - helps countries identify and take advantage of market opportunities; strengthens public and private institutions dedicated to developing and promoting agribusiness; integrates IICA activities related to agribusiness development;

 • 'Technology and Innovation' - contributes to rural poverty alleviation, improved competitiveness and efficient use of natural resources by supporting countries' efforts to transform institutional structures for technological innovation and modernize science and technology policies;

 • 'Agricultural Health and Food Safety' - assists Member States in strengthening animal health, plant health and food safety capabilities so as to compete successfully in national and international markets and contribute to safeguarding consumer health;

 • 'Sustainable Rural Development' - supports Member States' efforts and strengthens their institutional capabilities in reducing rural poverty, increasing rural prosperity and improving capacities of rural people, so as to accelerate development through sustainable use of natural resources;

 • 'Education and Training' - supports Member States in developing and upgrading human capital and talent for sustainable development of agriculture and improvement of rural life, through training in strategic subject areas, modernization of educational programs and dialogue on agricultural and rural education in the Americas.

Regional programmes include: Cooperative Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer Program for the Andean Region (PROCIANDINO); Programa Cooperative de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación Agricolo para los Trópicos Suramericanos (PROCITROPICOS); Cooperative Program for the Development of Agricultural Technology in the Southern Cone (PROCISUR); Regional Cooperative Program for the Technological Development and Modernization of Coffee Cultivation in Central America, Panama, Dominican Rep and Jamaica (PROMECAFE). Regional Fund for Agricultural Technology (FONTAGRO), set up with IDB, promotes competitiveness in the sector. Sponsors: Caribbean Agricultural Science and Technology Networking System (PROCICARIBE). Also includes: Red de Bolsas Agropecuarias de las Américas (INTERBOLSAS).


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English, French, Portuguese, Spanish.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 22 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 15 non-governmental organizations.
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Information Services

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Members in 51 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Amenities
    • Rural
    • Food Security
  • Agriculture, Fisheries
    • Agriculture
  • Environment
    • Environment
  • Solidarity
    • Cooperation

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 1: No PovertyGOAL 2: Zero HungerGOAL 14: Life Below WaterGOAL 15: Life on LandGOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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