← Agriculture, Fisheries

Agriculture, Fisheries → Agriculture


Agriculture encompasses crop and livestock production, aquaculture, fisheries, and forestry for food and non-food products. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. While humans started gathering grains at least 105,000 years ago, nascent farmers only began planting them around 11,500 years ago. Sheep, goats, pigs, and cattle were domesticated around 10,000 years ago. Plants were independently cultivated in at least 11 regions of the world. In the 20th century, industrial agriculture based on large-scale monocultures came to dominate agricultural output.

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Organizations relating to Agriculture

Global Partnership for Oceans / Est. 2012
International Council for Sustainable Agriculture / Lehrte, Germany
International Organisation of Agro-Industrial Trade Unions / Moscow, Russia
International Association of Fishing Industry Workers' Unions / Moscow, Russia
Arab Agricultural Engineers Union / Damascus, Syrian AR
Asia-Pacific Federation for Information Technology in Agriculture / Taipei, Taiwan / Est. 1998
Caribbean Agro-Economic Society / St Augustine, Trinidad-Tobago / Est. 1974
Federation of African Chambers of Commerce, Industry, Agriculture and Professions / Cairo, Egypt / Est. 2005
GCC Standardization Organization / Riyadh, Saudi Arabia / Est. 2001
Organización del Sector Pesquero y Acuicola del Istmo Centroamericano, Panama / La Libertad, El Salvador
Balkan Federation of Apicultural Associations / Bucharest, Romania
International Network for Information Technology in Agriculture / Bonn, Germany
African Agricultural Technology Foundation / Nairobi, Kenya / Est. 2003
Pan African Agribusiness and Agro-Industry Consortium / Nairobi, Kenya / Est. 2007
International Society for Sustainable Development and Agriculture / Est. 2007
European Public Health and Agriculture Consortium / Brussels, Belgium
South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation / Wellington, New Zealand
PanAfrican Farmers' Organization / Kigali, Rwanda / Est. 2010
Caribbean Agricultural Health and Food Safety Agency / Paramaribo, Suriname / Est. 2010
Global Dryland Alliance / Doha, Qatar / Est. 2017
Agri-Food Chain Coalition
Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture / Rome, Italy / Est. 1983
Intergovernmental Sub-Group on Hides and Skins
Regional Cooperative Program for the Technological Development and Modernization of Coffee Cultivation in Central America, Panama, Dominican Rep and Jamaica / Guatemala, Guatemala
Commission for Controlling the Desert Locust in South-West Asia / Rome, Italy / Est. 1964
Fishery Committee for the Eastern Central Atlantic / Accra, Ghana / Est. 1967
Eastern Caribbean Institute of Agriculture and Forestry / Arima, Trinidad-Tobago / Est. 1954
Club of Bologna / Rome, Italy / Est. 1988
FAO Investment Centre / Rome, Italy / Est. 1964
Intergovernmental Group on Oilseeds, Oils and Fats / Rome, Italy / Est. 1965
UNECE Committee on Forests and the Forest Industry / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1947
North American Forestry Commission / Zapopan, Mexico / Est. 1959
Programa Cooperativo para el Desarrollo Tecnológico Agroalimentario y Agroindustrial del Cono Sur / Montevideo, Uruguay / Est. 1980
International Buckskin Horse Association / Shelby IN, USA / Est. 1971
International Institute of Tropical Agriculture / Ibadan, Nigeria / Est. 1967
Caribbean Fisheries Training and Development Institute / Chaguaramas, Trinidad-Tobago / Est. 1974
Arab Economic and Social Council / Cairo, Egypt / Est. 1950
Intergovernmental Group on Meat and Dairy Products / Est. 1970
Intergovernmental Group on Citrus Fruit / Est. 1959
Latin American and Caribbean Forestry Commission / Santiago, Chile / Est. 1948
Institute for Research, Extension and Training in Agriculture / Apia, Samoa / Est. 1980
Comisión de Pesca Continental y Acuicultura para América Latina y el Caribe / Santiago, Chile / Est. 1976
Centre for Sustainable Agricultural Mechanization / Beijing, China / Est. 2002
Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific / Dhaka, Bangladesh / Est. 1979
Collaborative Partnership on Forests / New York NY, USA / Est. 1995
International Poplar Commission / Rome, Italy / Est. 1947
European Forest Genetic Resources Programme / Barcelona, Spain / Est. 1994
FAO-ICARDA International Technical Cooperation Network on Cactus / Santiago, Chile / Est. 1993
Committee for Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture of Africa / Accra, Ghana / Est. 1971
Regional Fisheries Committee for the Gulf of Guinea / Libreville, Gabon / Est. 1984

View all profiles (2221 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Agriculture

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Agricultural overproduction
Stagnated development of agricultural production
Monopolization of agricultural genetic resources
Health hazards of air pollution for plants
Underutilized agricultural wastes
Declining breeds of cultivated plants
Lack of skilled manpower in rural areas
Unsustainable agricultural development
Unsustainable short-term improvements in agricultural productivity
Harmful carbon dioxide impact on agriculture
Loss of agricultural biodiversity
Intensive farming
Protectionism in agriculture and the food production industries
Underuse of high productivity methods of agricultural management
Maldistribution of agricultural land
Limitations on capital development in rural areas
Misuse of agricultural chemicals
Spoilage of agricultural products
Exploitative agribusiness
Agricultural risks
Declining productivity of agriculture
Fluctuating agricultural products markets
Seasonal fluctuations in food production
Adverse environmental consequences of depressed agricultural prices
Inappropriate government intervention in agriculture

Action Strategies relating to Agriculture

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Restoring saline affected farm land
Increasing efficiency of agricultural water use
Protecting against environmental hazards from agricultural and pastoral activities
Stimulating exploitation of natural resources
Accelerating use of agricultural water use technologies
Ensuring sustainable agricultural development
Using biological pest control
Stabilizing shifting agriculture
Maintaining agricultural genetics database
Informing about ecological agriculture
Developing presently unusable farming land
Using agroecology
Developing agriculture
Developing agricultural resources
Using agro-ecosystems in conservation management
Marketing local agriculture produce
Farming organically
Conducting agricultural research
Transforming agriculture
Preserving genetic diversity in cultivated plants
Developing transgenic crops
Promoting agricultural innovation
Demonstrating new agricultural methods
Informing about sustainable agriculture
Providing alternative to traditional agricultural methodology

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