Earth Council Alliance (ECA)

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Sep 1992, San José (Costa Rica), as Earth Council -- Conseil de la terre -- Consejo de la Tierra, as a direct result of the Earth Summit, the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), June 1992, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). Earth Council Organizing Committee set up the Council as a standing commission. Inaugural meeting, 29-30 Nov 1993. Foundation registered in accordance with Canadian law. As of Dec 2003, operations in Costa Rica suspended.


Support and empower people building a more secure, equitable and sustainable future. 'Fundamental objectives': (1) Support the transition to more sustainable and equitable patterns of development; (2) encourage public participation in decision-making; (3) build bridges of understanding and cooperation between important actors of civil society and governments worldwide.

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In early 1996, the Earth Council initiated the programme Making Sustainability Work with an integrating event called Rio plus 5. This event invited civil groups and partner organizations from various sectors to review progress and highlight examples of sustainable practices, particularly at local and national levels, which would provide the basis for regional and global sustainability. Phase I of the programme culminated in the Rio plus 5 Forum, March 1997, with a number of important recommendations and decisions to operationalize sustainable development at all levels of society. The Earth Council's role in the Rio plus 5 process has strengthened its position as a global public interest institution dedicated to promoting sustainability by empowering people to participate in the processes which affect their lives and interests. The results of Rio plus 5 and the conclusions of the UNGASS' Earth Summit Review form the basis of the Earth Council's Phase II program. Within a framework of sustainability values and democratic principles, the programme focuses on integrating social, ecological and economic interests into development planning by strengthening the basic participatory decision-making mechanisms and harnessing the knowledge, social and financial investments required to lay the foundations for an Earth initiative for the new millennium. It is within this context that the Earth Council launches Phase II of its program Making Sustainability Work and integrates its activities into a campaign called; Towards A Millennium Earth Initiative.

The Campaign (1997-2000) focus on the following strategic programs: 1. 'Strengthening multi-stakeholder participatory mechanisms for operationalizing sustainable development', through local Agenda 21 and NCSD as key entry points to integrate economic, social and ecological interests into national and local development plans and harmonize these within regional and global alliances and accords. 2. 'Building and exchanging knowledge capital for effective and informed participation for operationalizing management systems at local and national levels' - This will be carried out through the development of curricula, training manuals, materials and toolkits and promotion of best practices and action research into national sustainable development policies. 3. 'Facilitating the mobilization and deployment of various investment capitals (social, knowledge and financial)' - to finance sustainable development programs and projects. 4. 'Adopting and integrating ethical and democratic principles and values into the policy frameworks of key actors' - through the Earth Charter and development of a regional sustainability mediation function. 5. 'Enhancing core institutional capacity and support services' - particularly to provide technical and knowledge support, information services and communication linkages for informed participation of local and national councils, groups and networks.


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Consultative Status

United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) (Ros A); United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment).

Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 5 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 9 non-governmental organizations.
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Members in 24 countries
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Type I Classification

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UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 14: Life Below WaterGOAL 15: Life on Land



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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