United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP)
Programme des Nations Unies pour le contrôle international de la drogue (PNUCID)
Programa de las Naciones Unidas para la Fiscalización Internacional de las Drogas (PNUFID)
21 Dec 1990, by resolution 45/179 of the General Assembly, as a programme of A-XA3375 - United Nations (UN), in the framework of F-XF1000 - United Nations System. Became operational in 1991. Also known as United Nations Drug Control Programme. Has been referred to by initials as UNIDCP. Ceased to exist when merged with to become E-XE3574 - United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Activities are governed by T-XT6104 - Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, as amended by T-XT7208 - Protocol Amending the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, T-XT7101 - Convention on Psychotropic Substances and T-XT8896 - United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances.
Assume exclusive responsibility for coordinating and providing effective leadership for all United Nations drug control activities, monitor trends in drug production, consumption and trafficking and promote implementation of drug control treaties; serve as the worldwide centre of expertise and information on drug abuse and drug control; play a major role in foreseeing the evolution of drug phenomena with a view to recommending countermeasures; provide technical assistance to governments in the different fields of drug control. Address all aspects of the drug problem, including: integrated rural development and crop substitution; drug law enforcement; prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of drug addicts; legislative and institutional reforms to enhance governments' capacity to fight all aspects of the drug problem including money laundering.
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Integrates fully the structures and functions of the 3 former UN drug control units: Division of Narcotic Drugs; E-XE2279 - International Narcotics Control Board (INCB); 'United Nations Fund for Drug Abuse Control (UNFDAC)' - currently Fund of the United Nations International Drug Control Programme. Comes under the authority of Executive Director of UNODC, assisted by Deputy Executive Director, who together head:
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