United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies
Consejo de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas

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Contact Details

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History

24 Oct 1945, New York NY (USA), by the Charter of the United Nations -- Charte des Nations Unies. Officially constituted, 12 Jan 1946. A principal organ of United Nations (UN) within United Nations System, on which Member States have conferred primary responsibility for maintaining peace and security. In performing its functions, the Security Council acts on behalf of the Member States, all of whom have agreed to accept and carry out its decisions in accordance with the Charter.

Aims

Ensure prompt and effective action by the United Nations by assuming primary responsibility, on behalf of UN members, for establishment and maintenance of international peace and security with the least diversion for armaments of the world's human and economic resources; act in accordance with the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations, as defined in the Charter.

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Activities

Has the right to investigate any dispute or situation which might lead to international friction. Such disputes or situations may be brought to the Council's attention by any Member of the United Nations, by the General Assembly, or by the Secretary-General, or even, under certain conditions, by a state which is not a Member of the United Nations. Parties to any dispute, the continuance of which is likely to endanger maintenance of international peace and security, must first of all seek a solution by negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies or arrangements, or other peaceful means of their own choice. Should the parties fail to settle, it may be referred to the Security Council. In the event that the Council determines the existence of any threat to peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression, it is empowered to take 'enforcement measures' in order to maintain or restore international peace and security. It may decide what measures (not involving the use of armed force) are to be employed to give effect to its decisions, and it may call upon members of the United Nations to apply such measures. These include complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio and other means of communication, and severance of diplomatic relations. Should measures taken prove to be inadequate, it may take such action by air, sea or land forces as may be necessary, which may include demonstrations, blockade and other operations by air, sea or land forces of members of the United Nations. All UN members are pledged by the Charter to make available to the Security Council, on its call and in accordance with special agreements to be concluded by them with the Council and subject to their ratification, the armed forces, assistance and facilities necessary to maintain international peace and security.

The Council exercises all functions of the UN relating to strategic areas, including approval of terms of trusteeship agreements and their alteration or amendment. Subject to provisions of trusteeship agreements and without prejudice to security considerations, is assisted by Trusteeship Council in performing those functions of the UN under the trusteeship system which relate to political, economic, social or educational matters in the strategic areas.

Structure

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 34 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 2 non-governmental organizations.
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Members

Members in 15 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Defence
    • Arms
  • International Relations
    • United Nations
  • Security
    • Security
  • Peace
    • Peace

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and CommunitiesGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions

UIA Org ID

E3376

Last News Received

2017
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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